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2nd Grade Scope and Sequence

2nd Grade Scope and Sequence
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To prepare for your second grade homeschool year, you need to understand the breadth and depth of each subject area that you are teaching. Time4Learning’s second grade scope and sequence provides detailed information on the concepts your second grader will learn in math, language arts, science and social studies.

The scope and sequence for second grade contains the lesson descriptions, number of activities and  is laid in chronological order, chapter by chapter for your convenience. Check out the details below:

2nd Grade Math Scope & Sequence

Count and group objects into hundreds, tens, and ones. Identify a given number in expanded form. Identify the value of a given digit within a number up to the hundredths place.
Read and write number words up to ninety-nine and match them to numerals.
Compare and order numbers using symbols such as <, =, and >. When given any number up to 1,000, identify one more than, one less than, 10 more than, 10 less than, 100 more than, and 100 less than.
Read and understand ordinal numbers 1st – 100th. Identify ordinal number words first – tenth by name.
Using diagrams, pictorial representations, and numerical expressions, represent equivalent forms of various numbers up to 1000.
Count up to 1000 by fives, tens, twenty-fives, fifties, and hundreds using mental math and pictorial representations.
Use zero as a placeholder and identify 10 tens as 100, 10 hundreds as 1000.
Locate numbers up to 1000 on a number line. Use a number line to round numbers to the nearest 10.
Identify odd and even numbers.
Locate numbers up to 1000 on a number line. Use a number line to round numbers to the nearest 10.

Chapter Test: Number Sense

Identify, model, and record fractions that represent more than one equal part of a whole.
Identify, model, and record equal parts of groups.
Identify words for fractional parts such as halves, thirds, quarters, and eighths and fractions representing 1 whole.

Chapter Test: Fractions

Solve addition and subtraction facts up to 18 by using inverse operations. Describe the related facts that make up a fact family.
Use the Associative Property of Addition to solve addition problems involving three addends.
Solve addition problems involving two-digit numbers with regrouping.
Add single- and two-digit whole numbers.
Solve subtraction problems involving two-digit numbers with regrouping.
Subtract single-digit numbers from single and two-digit numbers and two-digit numbers from two-digit numbers.
Identify multiplication as repeated addition. Multiply two one-digit numbers by 2, 3, and 5 using an array.
Explain division as equal parts of a set. Divide a number up to 30 by 2, 3, or 5 using pictorial representations.
Estimate reasonable answers to addition and subtraction problems with sums to 100.

Chapter Test: Operations

Identify pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and half-dollars and their values. Count pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters up to 50¢.
Count mixed collection of coins.
Model the same amount in more than one way. Model an amount using the fewest coins.
Solve addition and subtraction problems involving money, with and without regrouping.

Chapter Test: Money

Sort objects by attributes of shape, size, or color. Recognize and explain how patterns are made (e.g. repetition, transformation, or other changes to attribute).
Sort objects using Venn diagram with one intersection.
Describe a given pattern and explain the pattern rule.
Predict, extend, and create patterns that are pictorial or symbolic. Transfer patterns from one medium to another (e.g., change red, red, blue, green, red to 1,1,2,3,1).
Compare repeating and growing patterns and analyze how they are generated.
Identify patterns in the real world such as repeating, tessellating, and patchwork.
Identify number patterns on a hundred chart.
Predict and extend a linear pattern.

Chapter Test: Patterns

Use the Commutative Property of Addition to solve problems. Check the sum by changing the addends. Solve two-digit equations with one unknown.
Use pictorial representations and numbers to explore equalities and inequalities.
Solve number sentences with equalities and inequalities using the symbols <, =, >.
Using models, pictures, and algorithms, solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers with and without regrouping.
Solve real-world addition and subtraction equations with one unknown.
Create models that explore the concept of an equation being balanced.

Chapter Test: Algebra

Describe and create plane shapes such as squares, rectangles, triangles, hexagons, trapezoid, and parallelograms.
Describe and create solids shapes such as cubes, rectangular prisms, spheres, cylinders, cones, and pyramids.
Describe, classify, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes according to their attributes (sides, corners, faces, curves). Explain which attribute is being used for classification.
Identify plane shapes as faces of solid shapes.
Identify similar and congruent two-dimensional objects.
Identify lines as parallel or perpendicular.
Identify lines as horizontal or vertical.

Chapter Test: Geometry

Identify, locate, and move objects according to positional words such as to the left, above, and behind.
Identify the location of objects according to two directions such as upper-right, upper-left, lower-right, and lower-left.
Locate objects on the first quadrant of a coordinate grid.
Locate, plot, and identify known and unknown numbers on a number line from 0 to 50 by twos and from 1 to 100 by fives.

Chapter Test: Positions

Identify and demonstrate slides, flips, and turns using pictures.
Recognize congruent figures under slides, flips, or turns.
Match, predict, and identify the reflection of a two-dimensional shape.
Identify and create figures with line symmetry.
Identify and create vertical and horizontal lines of symmetry.

Chapter Test: Using Shapes

Separate or combine plane shapes to create new plane shapes.
Explore perimeter and area of two-dimensional shapes.
Identify area as the number of squares it takes to cover a plane object.

Chapter Test: Spatial Sense

Tell time to the hour and half hour on analog and digital clocks.
Tell time to the nearest quarter hour using digital and analog clocks by counting time in five-minute intervals.
Describe time as A.M. or P.M., identify noon and midnight, and solve simple problems of elapsed time.
Identify relationships of time, such as seconds in a minute, minutes in an hour, days in a week, and months in a year.
Identify names of the months in order and their lengths and identify appropriate tools for measuring time.

Chapter Test: Time

Measure and compare lengths using nonstandard units and describe lengths in terms of shorter and longer.
Recognize the need for a standard unit of measure and measure and estimate length to the nearest inch, foot, and yard.
Estimate, compare, and measure distance in feet or miles and choose appropriate unit of measurement for various distances.
Explore perimeter of squares and rectangles by adding lengths of sides.
Recognize that the metric system is another system of measurement and measure length to the nearest centimeter or meter.

Chapter Test: Length

Sort and classify objects according to their weight and describe objects in term of lighter, heavier, less than, and more than.
Measure and compare weights using nonstandard units and recognize the need for a standard unit of measurement.
Estimate and measure weights in ounces, pounds, and tons and choose the most reasonable measurement of a specific item.
Recognize that the metric system is another system of measurement and measure weights to the nearest gram or kilogram.

Chapter Test: Weight

Sort and classify containers according to their capacity. Describe capacity in terms of emptier, fuller, less than, and more than.
Measure and estimate capacity to the nearest cup, pint, quart, and gallon.
Choose appropriate tool for measuring capacity.
Recognize that the metric system is another system of measurement. Measure capacity to using liters and milliliters.

Chapter Test: Capacity

Describe temperature of the seasons in terms of cool, cold, warm, and hot.
Compare Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers.
Read a Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers to tell temperature to the nearest two degrees. Relate reasonable temperatures to the seasons.

Chapter Test: Temperature

Create and interpret tally tables.
Collect, organize, and record data into 3 or more categories.
Organizes data into simple graphs such as pictographs and bar graphs.
Transfer data from a chart of two or three categories to a bar or picture graph.

Chapter Test: Graphing

Identify and interpret information such as range, mode, and median from a graph or chart.
Interpret data to make predictions about events or situations.

Chapter Test: Using Data

Identify whether an event is certain, possible, or impossible.
Identify the likelihood of a mathematical event as less likely, likely, or more likely to occur.
Make predictions based on data from activities of chance such as coin flips and spinners.

Chapter Test: Probability

2nd Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: long vowels ending with silent e; high frequency words; fluency with modeled reading; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying main characters; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel digraphs ai and ay with the long a sound; high frequency words; fluency with reading rate; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; sequencing; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel digraphs ea and ee with the long e sound, the vowel y with the long e sound; high frequency words; fluency focusing on periods; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying setting; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the long vowel i as spelled with the letters igh, y, and ie; the prefix pre-; high frequency words; fluency focusing on question marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; details; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel digraphs oa and ow with the long o sound; high frequency words; fluency focusing on speed and accuracy; vocabulary words and nuances in meaning; reading a leveled text; main idea; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: r-controlled vowels er, ir, and ur; the prefixes un-, re-, and the root word “tele”; high frequency words; fluency with quotation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; supporting details; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the r-controlled vowels ar, or, and ore; high frequency words; fluency focusing on exclamation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying conflict; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the consonant digraphs sh, ch, th, wh; high frequency words; fluency reviewing periods and exclamation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; predicting outcomes; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: vowel diphthongs ow, ou, oi, and oy; high frequency words; fluency reviewing question marks and quotation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; context clues; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the consonant clusters str and spr; high frequency words; fluency focusing on inflection; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; sequencing events in a narrative; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the inflectional endings ing and ed; high frequency words; fluency focusing on phrasing; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying characters, setting, and plot; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: plurals s and es; high frequency words; fluency with commas; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; summarizing; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the double consonants tt, pp, and ll; high frequency words; fluency focusing on reading with a sense of anticipation; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; Author’s Purpose; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel exception le; the root word “graph”; high frequency words; fluency focusing on phrasing; vocabulary and context clues; reading a leveled text; making inferences; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: silent consonants kn and wr; high frequency words; fluency with rhythm of poetry; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; author’s point of view; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: antonyms; high frequency words; fluency reviewing expression with characterization; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; locating information on a graph; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: synonyms; high frequency words; fluency focusing on rhythm with poetry; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; cause and effect in expository text; context clues; using a dictionary; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: homonyms; high frequency words; fluency with inflection of tone; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; context clues; using glossaries; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix er; high frequency words; fluency focusing on stress; vocabulary and nuances in meaning; reading a leveled text; making inferences and drawing conclusions; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix est; high frequency words; fluency focusing on stress and tone; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; making inferences and drawing conclusions; context clues; shades of meaning; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix ly; high frequency words; fluency with a review of fluent reading; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; cause and effect; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the prefix re; high frequency words; fluency focusing on review of commas, question marks, and periods; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; context clues; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the prefix un; high frequency words; fluency focusing on phrasing; vocabulary; reading authentic literature; supporting details; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix less; high frequency words; fluency focusing on intonation and stress; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; reading and interpreting maps; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix able; high frequency words; fluency focusing on characterization; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; summarizing; and writing.
The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: multisyllabic words; high frequency words; fluency with a review of fluent reading; vocabulary; reading authentic literature; identifying cause and effect; and writing.

2nd Grade Science Scope & Sequence

  Matter

Matter can change in many ways; some changes alter the appearance, while others create new and different matter. In this module, students explore chemical changes and physical changes, including phase changes, of matter.

 Energy

Electrical energy is energy that is used to run appliances and tools. Electricity is generated at power plants from renewable and nonrenewable energy sources before it travels through power lines to all of the necessary locations. In this module students explore the various uses of electricity and the energy sources used to generate electricity.
Heat energy is energy that can be felt. Heat energy can be natural, like the heat we get from the sun, or manmade. In this module students explore the properties and characteristics of heat energy, its uses, and various sources of manmade and natural heat.
Energy is everywhere, and it is used to accomplish many different things, while transforming from sunlight to food and from electricity to heat, light and sound. This module guides students through an exploration of energy transformations in living and nonliving systems.
Fast or slow, objects, people, animals, liquids, and even gases move. In this module students begin to describe and learn to measure motion, a change in position.
Work is made easy with simple machines; they reduce the force needed to move an object over a distance. This module introduces the six types of simple machines — lever, pulley, wheel and axle, wedge, screw, and inclined plane — as students explore what a simple machine is and how simple machines work.
Opening a door, closing a lid, or skipping to school – each action requires the right push or pull. This module guides students as they explore force, a push or a pull. It includes gravity and how much of a push or a pull is needed to move various objects over a distance.

 Earth

The Earth has changed since its beginning and continues to change today. Most of the changes on Earth happen over such a long period of time they cannot be observed. In this module students experience how the Earth has changed over time and learn about the clues that are used to identify those changes.
Mountains, canyons, lakes, and rivers are some of Earth’s features. Although they give shape to the surface of the Earth, over time the movement of wind and water causes these features to change. In this module, students discover how weathering and erosion change Earth’s features over time.

 Space

Over and over, the Moon changes phase, day turns to night and spring becomes summer. These cycles of change happen as the Earth spins on its axis while orbiting around the sun. This module introduces students to the different cycles observed on Earth.
The Universe contains everything, from stars and planets to solar systems and galaxies — even you. In this module, students will explore the different objects that make up the Universe and the tools we need to observe space.
All of the living things that make up the environment depend on each other to meet their needs–even people! When changes happen in the environment, living things respond. In this module, students see how changes in an environment can affect the natural world as they learn the importance of being eco aware.
Plants and animals live in many different habitats such as the forest, desert, ocean, pond, or farm. Although these habitats may look very different, they all meet the needs of the plants and animals that live there. This module introduces students to different types of habitats and the living things that are found in them.
All living things need energy to live and grow. Most plants get their energy from sunlight whereas people and other animals get their energy from the food they eat. This module explores the relationships between living things and the energy sources they need to thrive.

2nd Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

Identify basic human needs.
Explain how basic needs of food, clothing and shelter can be met.
Use maps to locate states, the United States, continents and oceans.
Recognize that maps are utilized to provide directions as well as location.
The learner will recognize symbols on a simple map.
Locate places using cardinal and intermediate directions.
Identifies selected important buildings, statues and monuments associated with national history, for example, Capitol building, White House, Statue of Liberty, the United States flag and the Liberty Bell.
The learner will explain the purpose of , and the people and events honored in commemorative, patriotic holidays such as President’s Day, Veteran’s Day, Independence Day, Columbus Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, and Thanksgiving.
The learner will explain the purpose of various holidays celebrated by different cultures within the United States, such as, Cinco de Mayo and Kwanza.
The learner will know the Pledge of Allegiance and songs that express American ideas (e.g., My Country ””Tis of Thee and The Star Spangled Banner.
Identify jobs in the home, school and community, describe the requirements of various jobs and cite examples of characteristics of doing a job well performed.

Additional 2nd Grade Homeschool Resources

PreK - 8th

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9th - 12th

$30.00
  • (Monthly, Per Student)
  • INCLUDES 4 COURSES

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