# 2nd Grade Scope and Sequence

To prepare for your second grade homeschool year, you need to understand the breadth and depth of each subject area that you are teaching. Time4Learning’s second grade scope and sequence provides detailed information on the concepts your second grader will learn in math, language arts, science and social studies.

The scope and sequence for second grade contains the lesson descriptions, number of activities and  is laid in chronological order, chapter by chapter for your convenience. Check out the details below:

## 2nd Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Hundreds, Tens, & Ones – 3 Activities

Count and group objects into hundreds, tens, and ones. Identify a given number in expanded form. Identify the value of a given digit within a number up to the hundredths place.

#### Lesson 2: Write Numbers – 2 Activities

Read and write number words up to ninety-nine and match them to numerals.

#### Lesson 3: Compare Numbers – 7 Activities

Compare and order numbers using symbols such as <, =, and >. When given any number up to 1,000, identify one more than, one less than, 10 more than, 10 less than, 100 more than, and 100 less than.

#### Lesson 4: Ordinal Numbers – 2 Activities

Read and understand ordinal numbers 1st – 100th. Identify ordinal number words first – tenth by name.

#### Lesson 5: Equivalent Forms of Numbers – 2 Activities

Using diagrams, pictorial representations, and numerical expressions, represent equivalent forms of various numbers up to 1000.

#### Lesson 6: Skip Counting – 2 Activities

Count up to 1000 by fives, tens, twenty-fives, fifties, and hundreds using mental math and pictorial representations.

#### Lesson 7: Zero as a Placeholder – 2 Activities

Use zero as a placeholder and identify 10 tens as 100, 10 hundreds as 1000.

#### Lesson 8: Number Line and Rounding – 3 Activities

Locate numbers up to 1000 on a number line. Use a number line to round numbers to the nearest 10.

#### Lesson 9: Odd and Even Numbers – 4 Activities

Identify odd and even numbers.

#### Lesson 10: Sums and Differences: Even or Odd? – 2 Activities

Locate numbers up to 1000 on a number line. Use a number line to round numbers to the nearest 10.

#### Lesson 1: Equal Parts of a Whole – 2 Activities

Identify, model, and record fractions that represent more than one equal part of a whole.

#### Lesson 2: Equal Parts of a Group – 2 Activities

Identify, model, and record equal parts of groups.

#### Lesson 3: More About Fractions – 3 Activities

Identify words for fractional parts such as halves, thirds, quarters, and eighths and fractions representing 1 whole.

#### Lesson 1: Fact Families – 2 Activities

Solve addition and subtraction facts up to 18 by using inverse operations. Describe the related facts that make up a fact family.

#### Lesson 3: Two-digit Addition – 2 Activities

Solve addition problems involving two-digit numbers with regrouping.

#### Lesson 4: Adding Whole Numbers – 5 Activities

Add single- and two-digit whole numbers.

#### Lesson 5: Two-digit Subtraction – 2 Activities

Solve subtraction problems involving two-digit numbers with regrouping.

#### Lesson 6: Subtracting Whole Numbers – 6 Activities

Subtract single-digit numbers from single and two-digit numbers and two-digit numbers from two-digit numbers.

#### Lesson 7: Multiplication – 6 Activities

Identify multiplication as repeated addition. Multiply two one-digit numbers by 2, 3, and 5 using an array.

#### Lesson 8: Division – 2 Activities

Explain division as equal parts of a set. Divide a number up to 30 by 2, 3, or 5 using pictorial representations.

#### Lesson 9: Estimate Sums & Differences – 2 Activities

Estimate reasonable answers to addition and subtraction problems with sums to 100.

#### Lesson 1: Identify Money – 3 Activities

Identify pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and half-dollars and their values. Count pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters up to 50¢.

#### Lesson 2: Count Mixed Coins – 3 Activities

Count mixed collection of coins.

#### Lesson 3: Model Money Amounts – 3 Activities

Model the same amount in more than one way. Model an amount using the fewest coins.

#### Lesson 4: Add and Subtract Money – 3 Activities

Solve addition and subtraction problems involving money, with and without regrouping.

#### Lesson 1: Sort Objects – 3 Activities

Sort objects by attributes of shape, size, or color. Recognize and explain how patterns are made (e.g. repetition, transformation, or other changes to attribute).

#### Lesson 2: Venn Diagrams – 2 Activities

Sort objects using Venn diagram with one intersection.

#### Lesson 3: Pattern Rules – 2 Activities

Describe a given pattern and explain the pattern rule.

#### Lesson 4: Build Patterns – 2 Activities

Predict, extend, and create patterns that are pictorial or symbolic. Transfer patterns from one medium to another (e.g., change red, red, blue, green, red to 1,1,2,3,1).

#### Lesson 5: Compare Patterns – 2 Activities

Compare repeating and growing patterns and analyze how they are generated.

#### Lesson 6: Real World Patterns – 2 Activities

Identify patterns in the real world such as repeating, tessellating, and patchwork.

#### Lesson 7: Patterns on a Hundreds Chart – 2 Activities

Identify number patterns on a hundred chart.

#### Lesson 8: Number Patterns – 3 Activities

Predict and extend a linear pattern.

#### Lesson 1: Order Property – 2 Activities

Use the Commutative Property of Addition to solve problems. Check the sum by changing the addends. Solve two-digit equations with one unknown.

#### Lesson 2: Equalities and Inequalities – 2 Activities

Use pictorial representations and numbers to explore equalities and inequalities.

#### Lesson 3: Greater Than and Less Than – 2 Activities

Solve number sentences with equalities and inequalities using the symbols <, =, >.

#### Lesson 4: Two-digit Problems – 2 Activities

Using models, pictures, and algorithms, solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers with and without regrouping.

#### Lesson 5: Real World Equations – 2 Activities

Solve real-world addition and subtraction equations with one unknown.

#### Lesson 6: Balance Equations – 2 Activities

Create models that explore the concept of an equation being balanced.

#### Lesson 1: Plane Shapes – 4 Activities

Describe and create plane shapes such as squares, rectangles, triangles, hexagons, trapezoid, and parallelograms.

#### Lesson 2: Solid Shapes – 4 Activities

Describe and create solids shapes such as cubes, rectangular prisms, spheres, cylinders, cones, and pyramids.

#### Lesson 3: Classify Shapes – 2 Activities

Describe, classify, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes according to their attributes (sides, corners, faces, curves). Explain which attribute is being used for classification.

#### Lesson 4: Faces of Solids – 2 Activities

Identify plane shapes as faces of solid shapes.

#### Lesson 5: Similar and Congruent – 2 Activities

Identify similar and congruent two-dimensional objects.

#### Lesson 6: Parallel and Perpendicular – 2 Activities

Identify lines as parallel or perpendicular.

#### Lesson 7: Horizontal and Vertical Lines – 2 Activities

Identify lines as horizontal or vertical.

#### Lesson 1: Position Words – 2 Activities

Identify, locate, and move objects according to positional words such as to the left, above, and behind.

#### Lesson 2: Directional Words – 2 Activities

Identify the location of objects according to two directions such as upper-right, upper-left, lower-right, and lower-left.

#### Lesson 3: Using a Map – 2 Activities

Locate objects on the first quadrant of a coordinate grid.

#### Lesson 4: Plot Numbers on Number Line – 2 Activities

Locate, plot, and identify known and unknown numbers on a number line from 0 to 50 by twos and from 1 to 100 by fives.

#### Lesson 1: Slides, Flips, and Turns – 2 Activities

Identify and demonstrate slides, flips, and turns using pictures.

#### Lesson 2: Congruent Figures – 2 Activities

Recognize congruent figures under slides, flips, or turns.

#### Lesson 3: Reflections – 2 Activities

Match, predict, and identify the reflection of a two-dimensional shape.

#### Lesson 4: Line Symmetry – 2 Activities

Identify and create figures with line symmetry.

#### Lesson 5: Types of Line Symmetry – 2 Activities

Identify and create vertical and horizontal lines of symmetry.

#### Lesson 1: Make Plane Shapes – 2 Activities

Separate or combine plane shapes to create new plane shapes.

#### Lesson 2: Perimeter and Area – 2 Activities

Explore perimeter and area of two-dimensional shapes.

#### Lesson 3: Find the Area – 6 Activities

Identify area as the number of squares it takes to cover a plane object.

#### Lesson 1: Time to the Hour and Half-hour – 3 Activities

Tell time to the hour and half hour on analog and digital clocks.

#### Lesson 2: Time to Nearest Quarter-hour – 2 Activities

Tell time to the nearest quarter hour using digital and analog clocks by counting time in five-minute intervals.

#### Lesson 3: AM, PM, and Elapsed Time – 3 Activities

Describe time as A.M. or P.M., identify noon and midnight, and solve simple problems of elapsed time.

#### Lesson 4: Units of Time – 2 Activities

Identify relationships of time, such as seconds in a minute, minutes in an hour, days in a week, and months in a year.

#### Lesson 5: Months and Measuring Time – 3 Activities

Identify names of the months in order and their lengths and identify appropriate tools for measuring time.

#### Lesson 1: Measure with Non-standard Unit – 2 Activities

Measure and compare lengths using nonstandard units and describe lengths in terms of shorter and longer.

#### Lesson 2: Measure with Customary Units – 5 Activities

Recognize the need for a standard unit of measure and measure and estimate length to the nearest inch, foot, and yard.

#### Lesson 3: Tools and Units – 2 Activities

Estimate, compare, and measure distance in feet or miles and choose appropriate unit of measurement for various distances.

#### Lesson 4: Perimeter – 2 Activities

Explore perimeter of squares and rectangles by adding lengths of sides.

#### Lesson 5: Measure with Metric Units – 5 Activities

Recognize that the metric system is another system of measurement and measure length to the nearest centimeter or meter.

#### Lesson 1: Sort by Weight – 2 Activities

Sort and classify objects according to their weight and describe objects in term of lighter, heavier, less than, and more than.

#### Lesson 2: Measure with Non-standard Unit – 2 Activities

Measure and compare weights using nonstandard units and recognize the need for a standard unit of measurement.

#### Lesson 3: Measure with Customary Units – 2 Activities

Estimate and measure weights in ounces, pounds, and tons and choose the most reasonable measurement of a specific item.

#### Lesson 4: Measure with Metric Units – 2 Activities

Recognize that the metric system is another system of measurement and measure weights to the nearest gram or kilogram.

#### Lesson 1: Sort & Classify by Capacity – 2 Activities

Sort and classify containers according to their capacity. Describe capacity in terms of emptier, fuller, less than, and more than.

#### Lesson 2: Measure with Customary Units – 2 Activities

Measure and estimate capacity to the nearest cup, pint, quart, and gallon.

#### Lesson 3: Tools and Units – 2 Activities

Choose appropriate tool for measuring capacity.

#### Lesson 4: Measure with Metric Units – 2 Activities

Recognize that the metric system is another system of measurement. Measure capacity to using liters and milliliters.

#### Lesson 1: Seasons and Temperatures – 2 Activities

Describe temperature of the seasons in terms of cool, cold, warm, and hot.

#### Lesson 2: Compare Fahrenheit & Celsius – 2 Activities

Compare Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers.

#### Lesson 3: Measure Temperatures – 2 Activities

Read a Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers to tell temperature to the nearest two degrees. Relate reasonable temperatures to the seasons.

#### Lesson 1: Tally Tables – 2 Activities

Create and interpret tally tables.

#### Lesson 2: Organize Data into Groups – 2 Activities

Collect, organize, and record data into 3 or more categories.

#### Lesson 3: Organize Data into Graphs – 2 Activities

Organizes data into simple graphs such as pictographs and bar graphs.

#### Lesson 4: Transfer Data to Graphs – 2 Activities

Transfer data from a chart of two or three categories to a bar or picture graph.

#### Lesson 1: Compare Data – 2 Activities

Identify and interpret information such as range, mode, and median from a graph or chart.

#### Lesson 2: Make Predictions – 2 Activities

Interpret data to make predictions about events or situations.

#### Lesson 1: Certain and Impossible – 2 Activities

Identify whether an event is certain, possible, or impossible.

#### Lesson 2: Most Likely and Least Likely – 2 Activities

Identify the likelihood of a mathematical event as less likely, likely, or more likely to occur.

#### Lesson 3: Predictions Based on Data – 2 Activities

Make predictions based on data from activities of chance such as coin flips and spinners.

## 2nd Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Long vowels with silent e; Story Elements – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: long vowels ending with silent e; high frequency words; fluency with modeled reading; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying main characters; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Long a with ai, ay; Sequence Events – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel digraphs ai and ay with the long a sound; high frequency words; fluency with reading rate; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; sequencing; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: Long e with ea, ee, y; Story Elements – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel digraphs ea and ee with the long e sound, the vowel y with the long e sound; high frequency words; fluency focusing on periods; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying setting; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Long i with igh, y, ie; Prefixes; Details – 9 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the long vowel i as spelled with the letters igh, y, and ie; the prefix pre-; high frequency words; fluency focusing on question marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; details; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Long o with oa, ow; Shades of Meaning; Main Idea – 9 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel digraphs oa and ow with the long o sound; high frequency words; fluency focusing on speed and accuracy; vocabulary words and nuances in meaning; reading a leveled text; main idea; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: er, ir, ur; Prefixes & Root Words; Supporting Details – 11 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: r-controlled vowels er, ir, and ur; the prefixes un-, re-, and the root word “tele”; high frequency words; fluency with quotation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; supporting details; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: ar, or, ore; Story Elements – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the r-controlled vowels ar, or, and ore; high frequency words; fluency focusing on exclamation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying conflict; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: sh, ch, th, wh; Predict Outcomes – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the consonant digraphs sh, ch, th, wh; high frequency words; fluency reviewing periods and exclamation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; predicting outcomes; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: ow, ou, oi, oy; Context Clues – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: vowel diphthongs ow, ou, oi, and oy; high frequency words; fluency reviewing question marks and quotation marks; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; context clues; and writing.

#### Lesson 4: str, spr; Sequence Events – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the consonant clusters str and spr; high frequency words; fluency focusing on inflection; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; sequencing events in a narrative; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Inflectional Endings ing, ed; Story Elements – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the inflectional endings ing and ed; high frequency words; fluency focusing on phrasing; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; story elements identifying characters, setting, and plot; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Plurals s, es; Summarizing – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: plurals s and es; high frequency words; fluency with commas; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; summarizing; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Double Consonants; Authors Purpose – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the double consonants tt, pp, and ll; high frequency words; fluency focusing on reading with a sense of anticipation; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; Author’s Purpose; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Vowel exception le; Root Words; Context Clues; Inferences – 11 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the vowel exception le; the root word “graph”; high frequency words; fluency focusing on phrasing; vocabulary and context clues; reading a leveled text; making inferences; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: Silent Consonants kn, wr; Authors Viewpoint – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: silent consonants kn and wr; high frequency words; fluency with rhythm of poetry; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; author’s point of view; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Antonyms; Locate Info in a Graph – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: antonyms; high frequency words; fluency reviewing expression with characterization; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; locating information on a graph; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Synonyms; Context Clues; Dictionaries; Cause & Effect – 13 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: synonyms; high frequency words; fluency focusing on rhythm with poetry; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; cause and effect in expository text; context clues; using a dictionary; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: Homophones; Glossaries; Context Clues – 11 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: homonyms; high frequency words; fluency with inflection of tone; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; context clues; using glossaries; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Suffix er; Shades of Meaning; Drawing Conclusions – 9 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix er; high frequency words; fluency focusing on stress; vocabulary and nuances in meaning; reading a leveled text; making inferences and drawing conclusions; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Suffix est; Shades of Meaning; Context Clues; Drawing Conclusions – 13 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix est; high frequency words; fluency focusing on stress and tone; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; making inferences and drawing conclusions; context clues; shades of meaning; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: Suffix ly; Identify Cause and Effect – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix ly; high frequency words; fluency with a review of fluent reading; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; cause and effect; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Prefix re; Context Clues – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the prefix re; high frequency words; fluency focusing on review of commas, question marks, and periods; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; context clues; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Prefix un; Supporting Details – 6 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the prefix un; high frequency words; fluency focusing on phrasing; vocabulary; reading authentic literature; supporting details; and writing.

#### Lesson 1: Suffix less; Read and Interpret Maps – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix less; high frequency words; fluency focusing on intonation and stress; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; reading and interpreting maps; and writing.

#### Lesson 2: Suffix able; Summarizing – 7 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: the suffix able; high frequency words; fluency focusing on characterization; vocabulary; reading a leveled text; summarizing; and writing.

#### Lesson 3: Prefixes, Suffixes; Cause & Effect – 6 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge in the following areas: multisyllabic words; high frequency words; fluency with a review of fluent reading; vocabulary; reading authentic literature; identifying cause and effect; and writing.

## 2nd Grade Science Scope & Sequence

#### Changes in Matter

Matter can change in many ways; some changes alter the appearance, while others create new and different matter. In this module, students explore chemical changes and physical changes, including phase changes, of matter.

#### Electrical Energy

Electrical energy is energy that is used to run appliances and tools. Electricity is generated at power plants from renewable and nonrenewable energy sources before it travels through power lines to all of the necessary locations. In this module students explore the various uses of electricity and the energy sources used to generate electricity.

#### Heat Energy

Heat energy is energy that can be felt. Heat energy can be natural, like the heat we get from the sun, or manmade. In this module students explore the properties and characteristics of heat energy, its uses, and various sources of manmade and natural heat.

#### Energy Transformations

Energy is everywhere, and it is used to accomplish many different things, while transforming from sunlight to food and from electricity to heat, light and sound. This module guides students through an exploration of energy transformations in living and nonliving systems.

#### Motion

Fast or slow, objects, people, animals, liquids, and even gases move. In this module students begin to describe and learn to measure motion, a change in position.

#### Simple Machines

Work is made easy with simple machines; they reduce the force needed to move an object over a distance. This module introduces the six types of simple machines — lever, pulley, wheel and axle, wedge, screw, and inclined plane — as students explore what a simple machine is and how simple machines work.

#### Force

Opening a door, closing a lid, or skipping to school – each action requires the right push or pull. This module guides students as they explore force, a push or a pull. It includes gravity and how much of a push or a pull is needed to move various objects over a distance.

#### History of Earth

The Earth has changed since its beginning and continues to change today. Most of the changes on Earth happen over such a long period of time they cannot be observed. In this module students experience how the Earth has changed over time and learn about the clues that are used to identify those changes.

#### Features

Mountains, canyons, lakes, and rivers are some of Earth’s features. Although they give shape to the surface of the Earth, over time the movement of wind and water causes these features to change. In this module, students discover how weathering and erosion change Earth’s features over time.

#### Earth in Space

Over and over, the Moon changes phase, day turns to night and spring becomes summer. These cycles of change happen as the Earth spins on its axis while orbiting around the sun. This module introduces students to the different cycles observed on Earth.

#### Exploring the Universe

The Universe contains everything, from stars and planets to solar systems and galaxies — even you. In this module, students will explore the different objects that make up the Universe and the tools we need to observe space.

#### Eco Awareness

All of the living things that make up the environment depend on each other to meet their needs–even people! When changes happen in the environment, living things respond. In this module, students see how changes in an environment can affect the natural world as they learn the importance of being eco aware.

#### Habitats

Plants and animals live in many different habitats such as the forest, desert, ocean, pond, or farm. Although these habitats may look very different, they all meet the needs of the plants and animals that live there. This module introduces students to different types of habitats and the living things that are found in them.

#### Food Webs

All living things need energy to live and grow. Most plants get their energy from sunlight whereas people and other animals get their energy from the food they eat. This module explores the relationships between living things and the energy sources they need to thrive.

## 2nd Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Human Needs – 2 Activities

Identify basic human needs.

#### Lesson 2: How Basic Needs Are Met – 2 Activities

Explain how basic needs of food, clothing and shelter can be met.

#### Lesson 1: Map Skills – 2 Activities

Use maps to locate states, the United States, continents and oceans.

#### Lesson 2: Maps & Globes – 2 Activities

Recognize that maps are utilized to provide directions as well as location.

#### Lesson 3: Recognizing Map Symbols – 1 Activity

The learner will recognize symbols on a simple map.

#### Lesson 4: Cardinal Directions – 2 Activities

Locate places using cardinal and intermediate directions.

#### Lesson 1: Historic Places – 2 Activities

Identifies selected important buildings, statues and monuments associated with national history, for example, Capitol building, White House, Statue of Liberty, the United States flag and the Liberty Bell.

#### Lesson 2: National Holidays – 2 Activities

The learner will explain the purpose of , and the people and events honored in commemorative, patriotic holidays such as President’s Day, Veteran’s Day, Independence Day, Columbus Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, and Thanksgiving.

#### Lesson 3: Cultural Holidays – 3 Activities

The learner will explain the purpose of various holidays celebrated by different cultures within the United States, such as, Cinco de Mayo and Kwanza.

#### Lesson 4: Patriotic Expressions – 2 Activities

The learner will know the Pledge of Allegiance and songs that express American ideas (e.g., My Country ””Tis of Thee and The Star Spangled Banner.

#### Lesson 1: Types of Jobs – 3 Activities

Identify jobs in the home, school and community, describe the requirements of various jobs and cite examples of characteristics of doing a job well performed.

PreK - 8th

\$19.95
• Monthly, first student
• (\$14.95 monthly for each additional student)

9th - 12th

\$30.00
• Monthly, per student
• (Includes 4 courses per student)

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