1st Grade Language Arts Lesson Plans

Time4Learning is an online student-paced learning system covering preschool through high school. It is popular as a first grade homeschool curriculum, for afterschool enrichment, for remediation, and for summer study.

The lesson plans below provide a detailed list of the language arts and language arts extensions, with brief activity descriptions and learning activity (LA) numbers. Additional resources related to first grade language arts are also provided.

Students enrolled in first grade language arts will have access to both kindergarten and second grade lessons as part of their membership, so they can move ahead or review at their own pace.

If you are just learning about Time4Learning, we’d suggest first looking at our interactive lesson demos. Members often use this page as a resource for more detailed planning, to choose specific activities using the activity finder or to compare our curriculum with state standards.

First grade language arts is organized into two large sections:

  1. Language Arts – 392 Activities
  2. Language Arts Extensions – 334 Activities

Language Arts Lesson Plan – 1st Grade Curriculum

Total Number of Activities: 392
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters m, r, h, s, d, t and their sounds and the letter a and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters p, z, k, the letter combination qu and their sounds, and the letter i and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters v, j, w, n, y and their sounds, and the letter e and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters v, j, w, n, y and their sounds, and the letter e and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
Recognize likenesses and differences between pairs of items.
Sort objects by appearance (e.g., color, size, and shape). Recognize items that are the same and different. Extend and identify a repeating pattern.
Sort representations of living things by appearance. Create items with given attributes. Recognize one-to-one correspondence.
Align sorted objects to determine whether a one-to-one match exists. Determine which set has more or fewer members when a one-to-one match does not exist. Create and interpret picture-graph displays.
Copy, continue, and complete patterns involving two attributes.

Chapter Test: under the Sea

Use positional words to describe vertical and horizontal relationships. Recognize that more than one term may be appropriately used to describe a positional relationship. Create a positional relationship by following directions.
Use positional words to direct investigations that occur in different locations. Use positional words to describe locations.
Recognize that vertical and horizontal relationships are often determined by point of view. Recognize that individual items may each appear different from different perspectives.
Investigate the features of a circle, triangle, square, and rectangle, and identify their presence in contextual settings. Identify likenesses and differences between pairs of shapes. Construct shapes.
Analyze, compare, create, and compose two- and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts, and other attributes.
Construct and/or complete simple scenes formed with plane figures. Construct, complete, and describe patterns formed with plane figures.

Chapter Test: Playtime in the Park

Recognize that objects can be counted and represented by numerals. Recognize that cardinal numbers represent a quantity (numbers 1-5). Read and represent numbers 1-5. Recognize that different arrangements represent the same quantity (numbers 1-5).
Compare groups to determine more/greater/less/fewer. Use one-to-one correspondence when comparing sets. Recognize the concept of zero as representing an empty set. Construct and interpret picture graphs.
Recognize that objects can be counted and represented by numerals (0-20). Recognize that cardinal numbers represent a quantity (numbers 0-20). Read, write, and represent numbers 0-20. Recognize that different arrangements represent the same quantity (numbers 0-20).
Use one-to-one correspondence to represent and compare quantities of 0-10. Use tally charts and picture graphs to represent 0-10. Recognize sequence of numbers on a number line. Describe position in a sequence of whole numbers on a number line up to 10.
Recognize that larger numbers are formed from combinations of smaller numbers. Explore addition models. Recognize that smaller numbers are formed by taking apart sets. Informally explore subtraction models.

Chapter Test: Let’s Go On a Safari

Use a calendar as a tool to identify months, days, and dates. Use a calendar as a tool to identify today, yesterday, and tomorrow. Identify parts of a day (morning, afternoon, evening). Use an analog clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Use a digital clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Order events in a sequence. Identify temperature using a thermometer.
Identify penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Identify value of penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Combine coins to make values up to 10 cents.
Compare the length of objects. Identify and correct common errors in linear measurement. Estimate and measure length using nonstandard units. Measure length using standard units.
Separate items into equal parts through an active comparison of their length. Informally explore commonly used fractional parts of a whole (fourths, thirds, halves).
Compare the weight of objects. Compare the capacity of objects. Recognize tools of measurement. Informally explore the concept of area.
Use a calendar as a tool to identify months, days, and dates. Use a calendar as a tool to identify today, yesterday, and tomorrow. Identify parts of a day (morning, afternoon, evening). Use an analog clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Use a digital clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Order events in a sequence. Identify temperature using a thermometer. Identify penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Identify value of penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Combine coins to make values up to ten cents. Compare the length of objects. Identify and correct common errors in linear measurement. Estimate and measure length using nonstandard units. Measure length using standard units. Separate items into equal parts through an active comparison of their length. Informally explore commonly used fractional parts of a whole (quarters, thirds, halves). Compare the weight of objects. Compare the capacity of objects. Recognize tools of measurement. Informally explore the concept of area.

Chapter Test: What’s Cooking?

Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by sequencing events from a story and by associating concepts of taller and shorter with their meanings.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters l and n and their sounds.
Through a series of phonological and phonemic awareness activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the sound of the letters m, d, s, p, l, n and the short sounds of the letters a and i.
Through a series of phonics activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters m, d, s, p, l, n and their sounds and the letters a and i and their short sounds. Select Type Learning Paths Description.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will gain a deep understanding of the words “practice” and “cool”, learn about nuances in word meaning, and demonstrate comprehension by answering questions about reading for a purpose and by discriminating patterns.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters t and h and their sounds.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by matching pictures with sentences and by associating familiar words (in and out) with their meanings.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter o and its short sound and the letter b and its sound.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by recalling details and matching pictures with the correct verb tense.
Through a series of phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter e and its short sound and the letter r and its sound.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will gain an understanding of nuances in word meaning and demonstrate comprehension by matching pictures with sentences and by grouping objects according to their function.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters k and f and their sounds.
Through a series of phonemic awareness activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the sounds of the letters t, h, f, r, k, b, d and the short sounds of the letters o, a, e, and i.
Through a series of phonics activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters t, h, f, r, k, b, d and their sounds and the letters o, a, e, i and their short sounds.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will gain a deep understanding of the word “help”, learn about nuances in word meaning, and demonstrate comprehension by recalling details and identifying the picture that corresponds to the correct noun form.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter g and its hard sound and the letter u and its short sound.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will gain a deep understanding of the word “ingredients”, the multiple meanings of “change”, and learn about nuances in word meaning. In addition, the student will demonstrate comprehension by sequencing events from a story and by associating familiar words (before, after) with their meanings.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter c and its hard sound and the letter w and its sound.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and learn a reading strategy. The student will also demonstrate comprehension by distinguishing between fantasy and reality and by identifying and sorting common words into basic categories (colors, shapes, foods).
Through a series of phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter y and its consonant sound and the letter combination qu and its sound.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by drawing conclusions and identifying common synonyms.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters v and x and their sounds.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by sequencing events from a story and identifying nouns.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters z and j and their sounds.
Through a series of phonological and phonemic awareness activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters c, z, v, w, j, g, x, y and their sounds, the letters i, a, u, o and their short sounds, and the letter combination qu and its sound.
Through a series of phonics activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters c, z, v, w, j, g, x, y and their sounds, the letter combination qu and its sound, and the letters i, a, u, o and their short sounds.

Language Arts Extensions Lesson Plan – 1st Grade Curriculum

Total Number of Activities: 334
The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Pollution – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Oceans – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Weather – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: The Sun – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Planets – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Constellations – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Native Americans – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Early America – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: America Grows – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Plants – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Biomes – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Farm Animals – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Vertebrates & Invertebrates – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Mammals – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Marine Animals – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Seasons – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Cultural Holidays – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Safety – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Neighborhoods – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Jobs in your Neighborhood – ILA

This uses prior knowledge to anticipate meaning and make sense of texts. Student will read, comprehend, and discriminate between choices. The activity introduces the student to the key concepts of the theme of travel.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Travel – ILA

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Stories use controlled vocabulary to enhance phonemic awareness.
Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice phonetic skills. Student will experience words in a variety of modes, including rhyme and story.

Chapter Test: Values – ILA

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Lesson Activity Finder Tool

activity_finderThe lesson activity finder is one of the many helpful tools that Time4Learning offers its members. The activity finder is a shortcut that makes it easy for parents to preview lessons or find extra practice for their child.

Every lesson in the curriculum has a unique activity number, referred to in the lesson plans as an “LA Number.” These numbers can be found on either the scope and sequence pages or the lesson plans in the parent administration area.

The activity finder can be found in the lower left hand corner of the Student LaunchPad page. To use it, members simply log in to their child’s account, type the Learning Activity (LA) number of a lesson into the Activity Finder and click “Go” to open it.

For additional information, please visit our hints and help section, which gives more details about the activity finder.

If you’re interested in the first grade language arts lesson plans, you might also be interested in:

Lesson plans for other grade levels of language arts:

Lesson plans for other first grade subjects:

Wondering how many lessons to have your child do each day? Our lesson planning worksheet can help you estimate.

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