Seventh Grade Curriculum Overview
This page provides a summary of the key seventh grade curriculum and learning objectives for language arts, math, social studies, and science. Under each is a more detailed description of what children learn in seventh grade subjects, including detailed lesson descriptions of Time4Learning learning activities.
- Seventh Grade Language Arts and Reading Curriculum Overview
- Seventh Grade Language Arts Extensions Curriculum Overview
- Seventh Grade Vocabulary Curriculum Overview
- Seventh Grade Math Lesson Curriculum Overview
- Seventh Grade Science Lesson Curriculum Overview
- Seventh Grade Social Studies Lesson Curriculum Overview
- Seventh Grade Educational Resources
Overview of Seventh Grade Learning Milestones
Seventh grade is a year of highly visible progress in reading, writing, and language arts. By the end of seventh grade, students should:
- Develop complex writing skills
- Constructively critique their own and other’s writing
- Apply punctuation, grammar, and syntax skills
- Recognize and apply grade appropriate vocabulary
- Read with fluency, with focus on comprehension
Seventh grade is also a year of visible math skill development. By the end of seventh grade math, students should:
- Have a solid understanding of algebraic principles
- Be able to graph and solve linear equations
- Understand and apply basic concepts of geometry
- Be able to apply math to everyday activities
As a homeschool mom with an education degree, I didn't think there was a way to do math manipulatives on the computer, but Time4Learning accomplished it!
In seventh grade math, students use a Venn Diagram to organize and identify common factors.
Seventh Grade Language Arts and Reading Curriculum Overview
The Time4Learning curriculum constitutes a solid seventh grade language arts program correlated to state standards, which many homeschool parents use as their entire curriculum. Non-homeschoolers utilize the lessons for extra practice, an online seventh grade tutorial, or summer enrichment. Seventh grade language arts is organized into two large sections: Language Arts and Language Arts Extensions.The language arts lessons are organized into a series of chapters that introduce and cover:
- The language arts section contains 122 learning activities that are primarily based on reading comprehension, writing skills and vocabulary.
- Our Independent Learning Activities (ILA), think alouds, interactive guided instruction and read & respond lessons will build and develop working knowledge of language arts skills and give students plenty of practice.
Lessons are organized into a variety of chapters that introduce and cover:
- Vocabulary Skills – Students will be able to identify and select the appropriate synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, idioms, and Latin and Greek roots. Students build a working understanding of suffixes, prefixes, and reading skills through interactive guided instruction. Students are asked to identify, interpret and analyze literary passages.
- Process Skills: Think Alouds – Teaches the reading comprehension processes of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying through think aloud prompts. Students are encouraged to independently read and critically analyze texts with minimal support.
- Comprehension – Students gain comprehension skill through identifying the characters, setting, plot, main idea and supporting details of a story. They learn about sequential order, fact and opinion, cause and effect, author’s purpose, inferences, and comparing and contrasting story elements to make inferences about varied types of literature.
- State Simulation Assessments – Mock assessment simulating high stakes testing. Students are asked to display working knowledge of comprehension skills based on appropriate reading material.
- The Scarlet Pimpernel (ILA) – Independent Learning Activity (ILA) that builds vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, prewriting, literary response and analysis, and writing skills. Students learn how to identify story elements, make inferences, and draw conclusions to extend comprehension skills. An end of chapter writing assignment using a movie review allows students to apply their skills.
- Hush (ILA) – An activity that develops reading, writing, and thinking skills. Students proceed through an integrated thematic chapter to build comprehension by reading literature with an emphasis on vocabulary. Writing skills are applied through an end of chapter memoir writing assignment.
- The Wreckers (ILA) – An ILA that uses pre reading, during reading and post reading activities to develop comprehension skills. Uses an integrated thematic chapter to build comprehension by reading literature with an emphasis on vocabulary. Students write a suspense story as an end of chapter writing application.
- Wright Brothers (ILA) – Uses the story of the Wright Brothers to teach vocabulary, comprehension, and writing skills. Activities combine direct instruction with read and responds to develop vocabulary, reading comprehension, writing, and thinking skills. Students are asked to identify cause & effect and write a newspaper entry to practice their language arts skills.
Many parents have expressed interest in purchasing the full versions of the authentic literature excerpted in the 7th grade language arts section. They can be purchased at the links below but they DO NOT need to be purchased in order to use Time4Learning.
- The Scarlet Pimpernel by: Baroness Orczy
- Hush by: Jacqueline Woodson
- The Wreckers (High Seas Adventure): by Iain Lawrence
- The Wright Brothers: Powered Flight (the Scientists who Have Changed the World) by: Anna Sproule
In seventh grade language arts, students focus largely on developing vocabulary and reading comprehension skills.
In this lesson, students learn how to identify the meaning of an unfamiliar word based on its Latin and Greek root.
Seventh Grade Language Arts Extensions Curriculum Overview
Language arts extensions is a component of the complete language arts curriculum. Many homeschooling parents have their child complete both the language arts and language arts extensions. Non homeschoolers use the lessons for online tutoring, extra practice, or summer enrichment or as a seventh grade language arts tutorial.
The language arts extensions lessons are organized into several chapters that introduce and cover:
- Determining Word Meaning – Teaches different strategies to build reading comprehension skills. Students incorporate the use of context clues, compare and contrast, multiple meaning words, vocabulary strategies, and figurative language to understand the text. Students will compare and contrast vivid writing with plain text.
- Summarize Written Text – Students will summarize written text through the use of main ideas, recall of details, and analyzing paragraphs. Students will complete two summary assignments designed to teach them how to analyze a passage.
- Support Main Idea – Students identify important details that enable them to answer the 5 W questions. Lessons also teach how to determine the setting and mood of a story, and whether details are specific or general.
- Recognizing Relationships – Teaches students how to recognize the cause and effect relationships inherent in each passage. Students learn the skills of analysis through use of cause and effect and organizational patterns enabling them to complete an assignment on following directions.
- Analyze Text – Teaches skills of analyzing literary texts. Students learn how to use inferences, draw conclusions, find the author’s purpose, understand themes, and discover the development of the plot in order to facilitate complex comprehension skills.
- Evaluate Point of View – Teaches students how to evaluate the point of view in a story through the discrimination of fact and opinion, comparing and contrasting character changes, determining the author’s point of view and by recognizing the author’s bias. Students identify how testimonials, bandwagon techniques, and loaded words promote bias in a text.
- Parts of Speech – Students will apply various spelling conventions while learning the plural noun endings, possessive nouns with apostrophes, the “perfect” verb tense, subject and verb agreement, pronoun and antecedent agreement, the comparison of adjectives and adverbs, the use of double negatives, the placement and use of prepositional phrases, and the correct use of conjunctions to connect ideas.
- Capitalization – Lessons encourage students to identify specific words that should be capitalized such as: proper nouns, proper adjectives, titles, first words, and direct quotes.
- Punctuation – Students will use the rules of punctuation to place commas in a series, in quotations, in a formal letter, in compound sentences, with appositives, with introductory words and phrases, with end marks, with colons and semicolons, with apostrophes, and with quotation marks.
Seventh Grade Vocabulary Curriculum Overview
Going beyond traditional vocabulary lists, many of the Time4Learning seventh grade vocabulary exercises are integrated within literature based units designed to promote reading comprehension skills and vocabulary building. Lesson features include:
- Animated vocabulary lessons that build on the student’s knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, Latin and Greek roots, idioms, synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms
- Graphic organizers
- Printable vocabulary worksheets
- Concentrated unit studies on topical vocabulary word list
- A glossary for each literature selection
In seventh grade language arts extensions, students learn about words with multiple meanings.
In this lesson, students are asked to identify the part of the picture that represents one of the meanings of a word.
Seventh Grade Math Curriculum Overview
The seventh grade math curriculum contains numerous math lessons, along with printable worksheets, quizzes and chapter tests. It constitutes a solid seventh grade math program correlated to state standards, which is important to many homeschooling users. Non homeschoolers use the program as an alternative to a 7th grade math tutor, for test preparation, extra practice, or summer enrichment.
- Exciting animated characters present the seventh grade math lessons in bite-sized pieces, at the student’s pace.
- Each chapter of learning builds on previous skills.
- Interactive prompts and storylines bring the lessons to life.
Math lessons are organized into 15 chapters that introduce and cover:
- Number Systems – This lesson teaches number theory in relation to using exponents and scientific notation. Students will learn how to express numbers using exponents and numbers greater than one using scientific notation in order to represent numbers in a variety of formats.
- Rational Operations – Teaches the order of operations applied to decimals, fractions, percents, and estimation. Students will apply the order of operations to simplify expressions, use estimation to solve problems, convert between fractions and decimals, and to convert percent to decimal.
- Number Theory – Teaches the meanings of prime and composite as well as prime factorization, greatest common factor and least common multiple. Students are given guided instruction and will apply these concepts to problem solving situations.
- Ratio, Proportion, and Percent – Students are taught how to identify and use ratios and rates, recognize relationships between ratios/proportions and percents, use tables to solve proportional problems, use ratios to solve problems, use percents to solve discount and mark up problems, use simple interest formulas to solve real world situations, and identify proportional relationships in scale drawings.
- Rational Numbers – Students are taught various rational number concepts. Lessons teach students how to identify pairs of additive and multiplicative inverses, add and subtract with positive and negative numbers, multiply and divide with positive and negative numbers, solve real world problems with different types of numbers, use the number line to explore addition and subtraction of integers, and use the number line to investigate additive inverses as well as the commutative and associative properties of addition.
- Expressions and Equations – Teaches the student about simplification of expressions, properties, and translations of algebraic expressions into word expressions. Students apply skills to use algebraic expressions to generalize a pattern, simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms, substitution of values for variables in equations, and to solve one and two step linear equations.
- Triangles – Teaches students the classification of angles and triangles. Students will use interior and exterior angle measurement, the Pythagorean relationship, and the Pythagorean Theorem to find unknown angle and side measurements.
- Plane Geometry – Students determine the characteristics and properties of lines and angles and apply these skills to concept of perimeter, circumference, area, and symmetry/reflection. Lessons will teach how to use the protractor and the various attributes of regular and nonregular convex polygons. Students will use angle measurement skills applied to measuring polygons to determine congruency and similarity.
- Three-Dimensional Geometry – Teaches the attributes of three dimensional figures, the volume of prisms and cylinders and how to calculate the surface area of prisms and cylinders. Students will be able to apply these properties to real world problems in the activity “Let me Practice.”
- Measurement – Students learn how to apply the formulas for calculating rate, distance, time, mass, and capacity to estimation and conversion. Guided instruction and practice activities reinforce skills through the chapter.
- Graphing – Teaches identifying ordered pairs and how to plot them, the 4 quadrants of the coordinate plane, recognizing the relationship between a set of points in a table and those points on a graph, recognizing if a set of points represents a function, and exploring inequalities with two variables.
- Linear Relationships – Teaches students how to interpret various types of linear graphs. Students apply graphing skills while graphing linear equations and answering questions about graphs that represent real world situations.
- Probability – Students learn how to interpret experimental results, independent and dependent events, and explore number cubes and spinners. Lessons encourage students to apply probability through various events and computing the odds of these events.
- Data and Statistics – Teaches the representations of data such as the circle, line, bar, histogram, stem-and-leaf, and box and whisker graphs. Students are introduced to statistical terms such as mean, median, and mode and will learn how to apply the measures of central tendency to data and various types of graphs.
- Practice – This lesson will conduct a cumulative review of the material covered throughout the course. Students have many worksheets that are available to print along with answer keys. Quizzes will be given throughout this chapter.
In seventh grade math, students learn the measures of central tendency, data representation and statistics.
In this lesson, seventh graders learn how to calculate mean, median and mode using a frequency table.
Seventh Grade Science Curriculum Overview
Middle school science is organized into three primary courses that correlate to state standards: Earth/Space Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Middle school science covers materials typically offered at the sixth to eighth grade level, although parents have the option of choosing a middle school science course if they have students in fourth grade and above. In addition, Nature of Science is provided as an added supplement with each of the middle school courses. The middle school science curriculum courses are described in more detail below.
- Earth/Space Science Course – Teaches students about Earth’s structure, geologic processes, plate tectonics, oceans and the water cycle, Earth’s atmosphere, weather and climate, our solar system, stars, and galaxies. Students also investigate how the motions of the sun, the moon, and Earth create days, seasons, years, eclipses, phases of the moon, and tides.
- Life Science Course – Covers the characteristics of living things, plant and animal cell structures, the characteristics of unicellular and multicellular life, genetics, classification of organisms, the structure and function of human cells tissues organs and organ systems, and the structure and function of plants.
- Physical Science Course – Covers chemistry and physics, including physical and chemical changes, atoms and elements, mixtures and solutions, the periodic table, states of matter, motion, gravity, density and buoyancy, energy, heat, the properties of waves, and light.
- Nature Of Science Supplement – The Science of Nature materials are supplemental, recommended for use alongside the Life Science, Physical Science, and Earth/Space Science courses. It will be included when parents register for any middle school science course. Nature of science teaches students how to safely and correctly use scientific equipment, take measurements, conduct experiments and investigations, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, evaluate evidence, and present their work.
See the middle school science curriculum overview for more information.
In middle school Life Science, students are introduced to genetics.
In this lesson, students learn about the molecular structure of DNA.
Seventh Grade Social Studies Curriculum Overview
The seventh grade social studies curriculum contains numerous lessons, as well as worksheets and quizzes, organized into different chapters. Members use the social studies curriculum as a seventh grade social studies tutorial, for extra practice, or to supplement their homeschooling approach. Although the materials are extensive, it does not correlate to all state standards and is not animated. In the seventh grade social studies curriculum, students will cover:
- Age of Exploration – Teaches the characteristics of life in America prior to the 17th century. Lessons present information about the first Americans and how geography influenced the way they lived, the early exploration of the Americas, the conquering and dominating of the New World, and the Spanish, French, and English colonies in America.
- English Colonization – Teaches about the way of life of the British colonization in America. Students will learn about the cities of Roanoke and Jamestown, the thirteen colonies, and the geography and daily life of the colonies.
- American Revolution Causes – Students will gain an overview of the events, individuals, and organizations that contributed to the war against Britain. Lessons will look at the struggle for control in the colonies, the idea of mercantilism, the taxes that were imposed on colonists, the protests that colonists made, and Britain’s response.
- The American Revolution – Teaches about the history of the United States during the early years of The Revolutionary War. Lessons include information about the battles, documents, and people involved in the Revolution.
- Creation of U.S. Government – Teaches about the early years of the establishment of American government. Students will look at how government started, the influences on the Founding Fathers, the creation of the Constitution, the structure of the government, and the challenges surrounding the Constitution.
- Early Years of the Republic – Students will analyze the various difficulties that arose in the early years of the Republic. Lessons include information about Washington’s presidency, major issues facing the nation, and the various political parties involved.
- Age of Jefferson – Students will learn about the challenges that President Thomas Jefferson faced by reviewing information about population issues, trade difficulties, and the War of 1812.
- Growth and Expansion – Teaches about the major changes in the U.S. during the 1800’s. Students will explore the Industrial Revolution, internal improvements that were made, the changing role of government, and the development of foreign policy.
- Jacksonian Democracy – Students learn about the various policies that president Andrew Jackson put into effect. Lessons describe Jackson’s early years, military career, presidential election, and philosophies that were applied during this time.
- Manifest Destiny – Students will learn how apparent it was that the U.S. was destined to control all territory between the Atlantic and Pacific. Lessons examine the causes that led to this control such as: the types of people who moved West, the war with Mexico, and Western Travel.
- Reform Movements – Students will discover how the various reforms of the 1800’s led to permanent change in the United States. Lessons include abolition, temperance, women’s rights, education, religious and mentally ill/prison reform.
- Causes of the Civil War – Students will learn about the complex issues that contributed to the division of the states and ultimately the Civil War. Lessons review slavery, issues dividing the North and the South, the idea of Manifest Destiny, and the secession of the South.
- The Civil War – Students encounter the various characteristics of both the north and the south during the Civil War. Lessons also encourage students to analyze the final battles of the war as well as the terms of surrender.
- Reconstruction – Students analyze the plan used for reconstruction of the United States and examine the reuniting of the nation, the South under construction, change, problems with the Native Americans, and settlers in the West.
- Immigration and Industry – Students will explore immigration and the impact it had on the growth of business in the United States. Lessons explore the melting pot of many nations, the changes in industry, and the workers and their rights.
- United States as a World Power – Students will learn about the United States shift in policy during the Era of Reform and Overseas Expansion. Lesson detail events in overseas expansion such as imperialism, yellow journalism, muckraking, and the U.S. involvement in the Spanish American War.
- World War I – Students will examine the various issues, causes, battles, and outcomes that affected the Great War. Lessons also explore the reason the United States entered the war.
- Roaring Twenties – Students will examine the post war challenges of the 1920’s such as the Red Scare, the rise of the KKK, and the changing economic climate.
- The Great Depression – Students will examine the different problems and causes of the depression and what the New Deal meant to America.
- World War II – Students will analyze the stepping stones to the Second World War, as well as examine the reasons for the United States involvement.
- The Cold War – Students will evaluate the concept of the Iron Curtain, the spread of communism, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the conflict with Vietnam.
- Changing Times in America – Students will examine an overview of the Civil Rights Era and the Nixon, Ford, and Carter administrations.
- Modern America – Students will view a comparison of the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations. Lessons will look at the economic and foreign policies during these years.
In seventh grade social studies, students learn about the early years of the United States government.
In this lesson, students learn about how the government is structured and how power is distributed.
Seventh Grade Educational Resources
Because you’re interested in educating a seventh grader, you might also be interested in:
- Seventh Grade writing skills and standards by Time4Writing
- Homeschooling a Seventh Grader
- Using Time4Learning online curriculum for Afterschool or Summer School
- Seventh Grade Vocabulary and Spelling Lists – a free website that offers a fun and easy way to practice vocabulary and spelling words
- Our lesson planning worksheet can help you estimate how many lessons to have your child do each day
- Using Time4Learning as part of your seventh grade homeschool portfolio
The Time4Learning Online Curriculum
Time4Learning has been refined through years of feedback from educators, parents, and students. Time4Learning’s online curriculum has proven effective with over 3,500+ multimedia lessons, printable worksheets, and graded activities in a student-paced environment that brings concepts to life. Math and language arts lessons correlated to state standards. Science, social studies and art are also provided to most grades. Students may also add foreign language learning to their subscription for an additional fee. Visit our demo to see examples of seventh grade lessons.