Eighth Grade Curriculum Overview
This page provides a summary of the key eighth grade curriculum and learning objectives for language arts, math, social studies, and science. Under each is a more detailed description of what children learn in eighth grade subjects, including detailed lesson descriptions of Time4Learning learning activities.
- Eighth Grade Language Arts and Reading Curriculum Overview
- Eighth Grade Language Arts Extensions Curriculum Overview
- Eighth Grade Vocabulary Curriculum Overview
- Eighth Grade Math Lesson Curriculum Overview
- Eighth Grade Science Lesson Curriculum Overview
- Eighth Grade Social Studies Lesson Curriculum Overview
- Eighth Grade Educational Resources
Overview of Eighth Grade Learning Milestones
Eighth grade is a year of highly visible progress in reading, writing and language arts. By the end of eighth grade language arts, students should:
- Develop age appropriate writing skills
- Accurately apply punctuation, grammar, and syntax skills
- Develop complex grade appropriate vocabulary
- Read with fluency while applying comprehension strategies
Eighth grade is also a year of visible math skill development. By the end of eighth grade math, students should:
- Accurately apply ratio, proportion, and percent
- Have a solid understanding of algebraic principles
- Understand beginning concepts of geometry
- Be able to apply data and statistics to everyday situations
Time4Learning solves so many problems and simplifies so many things, it's hard to know where to start! I guess the most important thing is that it's given my kids the help they need to do well in school.
In eighth grade, students learn how to identify word meanings based on their root, prefix or suffix.
Eighth Grade Language Arts and Reading Curriculum
The Time4Learning curriculum constitutes a solid eighth grade language arts program correlated to state standards, which many homeschool parents use as their entire curriculum. Non-homeschoolers utilize the lessons for extra practice, an online eighth grade tutorial, or summer enrichment. Eighth grade language arts consists of Language Arts and Language Arts Extensions. Sixty-four lessons are organized into nine chapters that introduce and cover:
- The language arts section contains 134 learning activities that are primarily based on reading comprehension, writing skills and vocabulary.
- Our Independent Learning Activities (ILA), think alouds, interactive guided instruction and read & respond lessons will build and develop working knowledge of language arts skills and give students plenty of practice.
Lessons are organized into a variety of chapters that introduce and cover:
- Vocabulary Skills – Introduces new vocabulary in reading activities that teach synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, and idioms. Lessons build a working understanding of suffixes, prefixes, and reading skills. Students are asked to identify, interpret and analyze passages. Vocabulary skills are expanded and knowledge of grade level appropriate vocabulary is applied.
- Process Skills: Think Alouds – Think aloud prompts encourage student’s use of comprehension skills such as summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying. Students are encouraged to independently read and critically analyze texts with minimal support.
- Comprehension – Teaches students how to apply comprehension skills to literary and expository texts by using summary, paraphrase, and synthesis. Other concepts such as main idea, supporting details, using charts and graphs, cause and effect, author’s purpose, and making inferences help the students to gain maximum comprehension for literary texts.
- State Simulation Assessments – A mock assessment that uses simulated questions to teach students how to apply reading comprehension skills to high stakes tests. Tests are used to give students practice before taking standardized tests.
- The Surviving the Apple Whites (ILA) – Independent Learning Activity (ILA) that builds vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, prewriting, literary response, analysis, and writing skills. Students focus on characterization, mood, and writing lessons which focus on persuasive composition. Students are required to write a college application essay as a culminating writing assignment.
- Ruthie’s Journal (ILA) – A series of activities that develop reading, writing, and thinking skills. Uses an integrated thematic chapter to build comprehension by reading literature with an emphasis on vocabulary. Students are asked to respond to a prewriting prompt within each lesson. A writing application assignment asks the student to write an informational report and a travel article.
- Shipwreck (ILA) – Pre reading, during reading, and post reading activities engage the student in vocabulary building, use of comprehension skills, and evaluation of literature. An integrated thematic chapter teaches writing and comprehension skills. Writing application is made through an end of chapter writing assignment on developing cover letters.
- 19 Varieties of Gazelle (ILA) – Uses the story of the 19 Varieties of Gazelle to teach vocabulary, comprehension, and writing skills. Activities combine direct instruction with read and responds to develop writing, and thinking skills. Eighth graders are asked to identify cause & effect, write a newspaper entry, and practice language arts skills. Complex writing skills are applied through an assignment on writing free verse poetry.
- True North (ILA) – Uses the story True North to teach vocabulary, fluency, reading comprehension, and writing skills. Students are assessed on their comprehension of the literature. Activities combine direct instruction with read and responds to develop writing and thinking skills. Students are encouraged to write a biography or autobiography as an end of chapter writing application.
Many parents have expressed interest in purchasing the full versions of the authentic literature excerpted in the 8th grade language arts section. They can be purchased at the links below but they DO NOT need to be purchased in order to use Time4Learning.
- Surviving the Applewhites by: Stephanie S. Tolan
- Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World by: Jennifer Armstrong
- 19 Varieties of Gazelle by: Naomi Shihab Nye
- True North by: Kathryn Laskey
In eighth grade language arts, Maxine teaches about the components of plot in an interactive guided instruction.
In this lesson, students create a storyline and answer questions about plot as their story unfolds.
Eighth Grade Language Extensions Curriculum Overview
Language Arts Extensions can be used to supplement the Language Arts curriculum for extra help with reading comprehension skills and strategies. Non homeschoolers use the lessons for online tutoring, extra practice, or summer enrichment or as a eighth grade language arts tutorial.
The language arts extensions lessons are organized into several chapters that introduce and cover:
- How-to-Articles – Teaches students different strategies that build writing skills. Students will use prewriting strategies and using words in context to apply comprehension and practical activities to fun projects.
- Informational Articles – Teaches students how to use informational articles. Activities enable students to see how word choice is connected to the outcome of the composition. Students will identify the main idea, supporting details, interpret graphs, and write a descriptive paragraph.
- Events in the News –Students explore current events and complete writing assignments about these events. Encourages students to apply reading comprehension and writing skills to design a monument or write about the Lincoln Memorial.
- Short Stories – Teaches students about the various elements of a story, and how to use literary devices to develop a quality short story. Students cover 3 pieces of literature with writing assignments that correspond to each.
- Poetry – Students learn about the various types of poetry such as lyrical poetry and free verse poetry. Students will have writing assignments that enable them to practice what they have learned about poetry. Assignments include a poetry writing, and narrative writing.
- Persuasive Readings – Students will study famous examples of persuasive speeches in order to develop a greater understanding of speech writing. Students will write their own persuasive speech.
- The Accurate Use of Apostrophes – Teaches the students how to recognize possessive nouns, learn the rules for apostrophes, identify words that need apostrophes, and place the apostrophes correctly.
- Apply Spelling Conventions – Teaches students about the various verb forms, adverbs, colons, and semicolons. Students are introduces to infinitives, confusing words, and modifiers and are asked to identify and correct misspelling and usage errors. Teaches the rules associated with comparative and superlative adjective usage, vowel and consonant rules, structural units within words, and exceptions to spelling rules.
- Strategies to Edit Written Work – Students learn the use of common editing strategies such as subject verb agreement, parallel structure, capitalization, end punctuation, quotation marks, fragments, and run-ons. Students are given proofreading assignments throughout.
- Use infinitives and participles – Teaches students the proper use of infinitives and participles through interactive exercises. Students will learn how to differentiate between infinitive phrases and prepositional phrases, and then be able to use infinitive phrases correctly.
- Use parts of speech correctly – Students learn the rules for demonstrative adjectives, pronouns, and modifiers. Lessons teach the students how to identify the correct verb tense, progressive verbs, adverbs that are used as intensifiers, indefinite pronouns, and the perfect verb tense.
- Variety of sentence types – Teaches students about complex sentences and the various punctuation, subject verb agreement, and parallel structure that is needed to form these sentences correctly.
Eighth Grade Vocabulary Curriculum Overview
Going beyond traditional vocabulary lists, many of the Time4Learning eighth grade vocabulary exercises are integrated within literature based units designed to promote reading comprehension skills and vocabulary building. Lesson features include:
- Animated vocabulary lessons that guide Time4Learning students to review and increase their understanding of root words, prefixes, and suffixes
- Literature-based units that provide vocabulary-building resources
- Related vocabulary lists for each literature unit
- Printable vocabulary worksheets
- Exposure to science vocabulary
In eighth grade language arts extensions, students learn about the accurate use of punctuation and how to edit written work.
In this lesson, students are asked to proofread a sentence and choose the missing punctuation.
Eighth Grade Math Curriculum Overview
The eighth grade math curriculum contains numerous math lessons, along with printable worksheets, quizzes and chapter tests. It constitutes a solid eighth grade math program correlated to state standards, which is important to many homeschooling users. Non homeschoolers use the program as an alternative to a 8th grade math tutor, for test preparation, extra practice, or summer enrichment.
- Math lessons presented via cool animation covering math standards at the student’s pace.
- Each chapter of learning builds on previous skills.
- Interactive prompts and storylines bring the lessons to life.
Math lessons are organized into 14 chapters that introduce and cover:
- Number Systems – Teaches students number theory in relation to scientific notation of numbers between zero and one. Students learn to identify rational and irrational numbers. Absolute value is taught and students are asked to explain and solve problems that apply this concept.
- Real Numbers – Teaches the order of operations applied to decimals, square roots, estimation, and simplification of expressions. Students examine the use of repeating decimals and that process that is used to convert these decimals to fractions. Lessons will present the concept of roots in which students will calculate and approximate principal square roots. Students are taught to order numbers in many forms such as fractions, decimals, scientific notation, absolute value, and radicals, and to simplify numerical expressions with real numbers.
- Number Theory – Students learn the various divisibility rules and how they can be applied to problem solving, how to represent numbers in base ten in other types of bases, how to identify prime and composite numbers.
- Ratio, Proportion, and Percent – Teaches the student how to use the rate of change, proportional relationships, and percents greater than 100 to solve real life situations.
- Real World Computation – Students learn how to solve real life problems using operations with rational numbers, ratios, percents, proportions, and applying these techniques to one, two, and multi-step problems.
- Expressions and Equations – Teaches the student about simplification of expressions, properties, and translations of algebraic expressions into word expressions. Lessons also include the concept of substitution and evaluating linear equations and inequalities.
- Plane Geometry – Teaches properties of parallelism, perpendicularity, and symmetry and how they can be applied to solve real world problems. Polygons are introduced as well as the concept of concave and convex polygons. Lessons also teach the Pythagorean Theorem, congruent and similar shapes, transformations, reflections, proportional relationships, dilations, and rotations.
- Three-Dimensional Geometry – Teaches students how to determine the volume and surface areas of three-dimensional shapes. Lessons include instruction on angle measurement, surface area, and proportional relationships.
- Measurement – Students learn how to interpret and apply different scales of measurement, select the appropriate tools for measurement, and identify the number of significant digits in a measurement.
- Graphing – Teaches students how to use tables and ordered pairs to graph a linear equation. Students learn how to convert an equation to standard form and slope-intercept form. Lessons cover linear inequalities and how to graph them on a number line and a coordinate plane. Students will also explore other aspects of inequalities and linear programming.
- Linear Relationships – Teaches students how to use x and y intercepts to easily graph a linear equation. Students will also determine slope from a given line graph, write equations in slope-intercept form, determine if a function is linear, and explore these concepts using the Coordinate Graphing tool.
- Probability – Students learn about conditional probability, sampling techniques, the various applications of sampling, sample bias, and probability and how these relate to the processing of chance in real situations.
- Data and Statistics – Teaches the student about various data representations and how these graphs can lead to different interpretations. Students will use statistics, mean, median, mode, technology use, central tendency, statistical plots, and scatterplots to interpret various types of data.
- Practice – A comprehensive cumulative review is presented to the student. Students have additional opportunities to apply skills and knowledge learned throughout the math section through various assignments, quizzes, and worksheets.
In eighth grade math, students learn about the different ways statistics are represented and how to calculate data.
In this lesson, eighth graders learn about data representation and how statistics can be used to mislead.
Eighth Grade Science Curriculum Overview
Middle school science is organized into three primary courses that correlate to state standards: Earth/Space Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Middle school science covers materials typically offered at the sixth to the eighth grade level, although parents have the option of choosing a middle school science course if they have students in fourth grade and above. In addition, Nature of Science is provided as an added supplement with each of the middle school courses. The middle school science curriculum courses are described in more detail below.
- Earth/Space Science Course – Teaches students about Earth’s structure, geologic processes, plate tectonics, oceans and the water cycle, Earth’s atmosphere, weather and climate, our solar system, stars, and galaxies. Students also investigate how the motions of the sun, the moon, and Earth create days, seasons, years, eclipses, phases of the moon, and tides.
- Life Science Course – Covers the characteristics of living things, plant and animal cell structures, the characteristics of unicellular and multicellular life, genetics, classification of organisms, the structure and function of human cells tissues organs and organ systems, and the structure and function of plants.
- Physical Science Course – Covers chemistry and physics, including physical and chemical changes, atoms and elements, mixtures and solutions, the periodic table, states of matter, motion, gravity, density and buoyancy, energy, heat, the properties of waves, and light.
- Nature Of Science Supplement – The Science of Nature materials are supplemental, recommended for use alongside the Life Science, Physical Science, and Earth/Space Science courses. It will be included when parents register for any middle school science course. Nature of science teaches students how to safely and correctly use scientific equipment, take measurements, conduct experiments and investigations, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, evaluate evidence, and present their work.
See the middle school science curriculum overview for more information.
In middle school Physical Science, students are introduced to the periodic table of elements.
In this lesson, students learn how the regions of the periodic table are organized.
Eighth Grade Social Studies Curriculum Overview
Eighth graders can choose to have access to either seventh or ninth grade social studies lessons as part of their membership. Seventh grade social studies is the highest level for middle school offered with Time4Learning. The seventh grade social studies offers an in-depth look at the age of exploration, colonization, the American revolution, early government, immigration, World Wars 1 & 2, and more. While the US History I course covers Explorations and Colonization, Independence and Republic, Expansion, conflict, and more!
Although the materials are extensive, social studies does not correlate to all state standards and is not animated. For a more detailed description of the seventh grade social studies lessons, please visit our High School US History I Course page or the seventh grade social studies scope and sequence.
In seventh grade social studies, students learn about the early years of the United States government.
In this lesson, students learn about how the government is structured and how power is distributed.
Eighth Grade Education Resources
Because you’re interested in educating a eighth grader, you might also be interested in:
- Eighth Grade writing skills and standards by Time4Writing
- Homeschooling a Eighth Grader
- Using Time4Learning online curriculum for Afterschool or Summer School
- Eighth Grade Vocabulary and Spelling Lists – a free website that offers a fun and easy way to practice vocabulary and spelling words
- Our lesson planning worksheet can help you estimate how many lessons to have your child do each day
- Using Time4Learning as part of your eighth grade homeschool portfolio
The Time4Learning Online Curriculum
Time4Learning has been refined through years of feedback from educators, parents, and students. Time4Learning’s online curriculum has proven effective with over 3,500+ multimedia lessons, printable worksheets, and graded activities in a student-paced environment that brings concepts to life. Math and language arts lessons correlated to state standards. Science, social studies and art are also provided to most grades. Students may also add foreign language learning to their subscription for an additional fee. Visit our demo to see examples of eighth grade lessons.