Sixth Grade Curriculum Overview

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Language Arts, Science & More!

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sixth Grade curriculum
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Sixth Grade Overview

Time4Learning is an online, student-paced learning system covering preschool through high school. It is popular as a sixth grade homeschool curriculum, as an afterschool tutorial and as a summer study or enrichment program.

For sixth graders, Time4Learning provides language arts, math, science and social studies. Students also get access to an online playground.

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Overview of Sixth Grade Learning Objectives

This section provides a summary of the key sixth grade learning objectives for reading, language arts, and math. A more detailed description of each subject is provided below, including links with more information on the hundreds of learning activities. The Time4Learning language arts and math curriculum correlate to state standards.

Sixth grade is a year of exciting progress in reading and language arts. The major milestones in Sixth grade reading and language arts are:

  • Fluent reading with a variety of literary genres
  • Successful application of comprehension strategies
  • Skillful composition development
  • Using punctuation appropriately
  • Ability to speak and listen proficiently

Sixth grade is also a year intense math skill development. Major milestones for 6th grade math include:

  • Proficiency in the four basic math operations
  • Competency with algebraic operations
  • Applying geometry concepts to problem solving
  • Development of complex graphing skills
  • Use of functions and probability to make predictions

Below, there is a more in-depth description of the sixth grade curriculum for language arts, math, science and social studies as well as information about the online playground.

Do you have homeschool portfolio questions? Get tips and advice about different organization methods, what to include and how Time4Learning can be used as part of your sixth grade homeschool portfolio.

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At first, I was skeptical about using a computer program for reading. But the progress we made is really clear and I couldn't be happier that we tried it!

In sixth grade language arts, there is an
emphasis on reading comprehension
and writing skills.

6th grade curriculum

Sixth Grade Language Arts - Lesson Overview

Sixth grade language arts is organized into two large sections: Language Arts and Language Arts Extensions.

The language arts section contains a number of learning activities that are primarily based on vocabulary skills, fluency, and comprehension. Lessons are taught with exciting animation and writing exercises that apply the skills that are taught throughout the chapter.

This series constitutes a solid sixth grade language arts program, correlated to state standards, which is important for many homeschooling families. Non homeschoolers use the curriculum for online language arts tutoring, test preparation, language arts practice or summer enrichment.

Lessons are organized into a series of chapters that introduce and cover:

  1. Vocabulary skills - Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, prefixes, suffixes, homophones, idioms, and Greek and Latin roots are taught through vocabulary skill exercises. Students are asked to identify the correct word or phrase within a reading activity which teaches an application and expansion of vocabulary.
  2. Process Skills – Uses the Think Aloud format to expose students to various types of texts. Students are challenged to summarize, predict, visualize, clarify, and understand scaffolding while using informational articles, fiction, nonfiction, and fables.
  3. Comprehension - Teaches an application of comprehension strategies. Students are asked to develop summaries, paraphrase, and synthesize information from two or more texts; analyze plot, character, and setting; identify the main idea using supporting details; identifying fact and opinion; using charts and graphs; distinguishing between cause and effect; identifying the author’s purpose; drawing conclusions with inferencing; and compare and contrast.
  4. State Simulation Assessments – A mock test that simulates standardized “high stakes” testing. These tests require application of comprehension skills in order to gain understanding from literary and expository texts.
  5. My Brooklyn Grandmother - ILA Teaches comprehension strategies through the use of an integrated literature based chapter on generational differences and Chinese culture. Students apply their knowledge by engaging in a series of activities that enhance reading, writing, and thinking skills through research based writing. Students are asked to use simple and compound sentences and proper adjectives correctly within their writing assignment.
  6. Far North - ILA - An integrated literature based chapter on survival and friendship that uses pre – reading, during reading, and post reading activities. Language arts skills focus on subject verb agreement and action verbs. Lessons give students an opportunity to apply their knowledge through interactive assignments and by writing an adventure story composition.
  7. Growing Up in Coal Country - ILA – Teaches comprehension strategies through the use of an integrated literature based chapter on hard work and day to day life. Lessons include before reading, during reading, and after reading activities. The writing assignment includes writing a letter of complaint, and using compare and contrast in an article. The student will recognize and apply the language arts skills of using abbreviations and prepositional phrases.
  8. Lupita Manana - ILA - The use of an integrated literature based chapter on survival and determination teaches students complex comprehension strategies by focusing on vocabulary, context clues, predicting outcomes, and drawing conclusions. Lessons encourage students to apply their knowledge through writing dialogue and a persuasive speech. Contractions, pronouns, and the four kinds of sentences are taught and practiced.
  9. Poems by Langston Hughes - ILA - An integrated poetry based chapter on survival and determination encourages students to use various methods of comprehension strategies. Students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge by creatively writing an advertisement and a piece of poetry. Language arts skills are put into practice through exercises reviewing fragments, run-ons, and homophones.

Click for lesson by lesson details on the Time4learning 6th grade language arts lesson plans.

Sixth Grade Reading List

Many parents have expressed interest in purchasing the full versions of the authentic literature excerpted in the sixth grade language arts section. They can be purchased at the links below but they DO NOT need to be purchased in order to use Time4Learning.

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In sixth grade language arts, students practice reading comprehension strategies and learn how to summarize parts of a story.

In Chapter 2 - Think Alouds, students read a story excerpt and summarize, predict outcomes and answer questions about the text.

6th grade language arts

Sixth Grade Language Arts Extensions - Lesson Overview

Language arts extensions is a component of the complete language arts curriculum. It contains a number of chapters made up of many activities, worksheets, quizzes and chapter tests.

Most homeschooling parents have their children complete both the language arts and language arts extensions so that their studies are state standard aligned. Non homeschoolers using Time4Learning as an online tutoring program use the language arts extensions lessons for test preparation, as a sixth grade language arts tutorial as well as for summer enrichment. Members have access to both, so they can use the exercises in the way that best fits their needs.

Each chapter starts using a variety of exercises designed to develop reading proficiency, vocabulary skills, and fluency. Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition and application, sixth graders will learn to generate ideas, demonstrate comprehension of a theme, create graphic organizers and write creatively.

The language arts extensions chapters include:

  1. Grammar – Students will learn the appropriate conventions of written language. Grammar lessons will focus on subject predicate agreement, punctuation, the four types of sentences, verb tenses, direct and indirect objects, transitive and intransitive verbs, predicate adjectives, interjections, conjunctions, adverbs, homophones, and compound words. Students learn the correct use of a comma and quotation marks while writing dialogue.
  2. Reading Accurately – Students gain proficiency in reading skills through the development of vocabulary and fluency. Students increase their reading fluency by focusing on structure of words, how letters are combined within words, pronunciation of multisyllabic words, and correctly identifying the various affixes within words.
  3. Reading & Vocabulary Skills - Students develop certain vocabulary building skills through identification of figures of speech, distinguishing between fact and opinion, cause and effect, and fantasy and reality. Students will enhance language use through intensive vocabulary lessons which integrate words from each subject across the curriculum.
  4. Literature – Students will learn how to read and respond to various types of literature and will begin to recognize literature as a record of human experience. This lesson teaches students identification of the author’s voice, point of view, mood and tone, techniques for writing, elements of writing style, and various propaganda techniques. Students will be able to point out examples of each writing style within various texts.
  5. Genres of Literature – Students develop an appreciation for the different genres of literature while recognizing that various literary texts elicit different responses. Students realize that various genres of literature will produce differing responses. Students will determine the characteristics of fiction and biography, universal themes, poetry, and plays.
  6. The Writing Process – Teaches students how to write in a clear concise style. Lessons focus on paragraphs, fictional stories, literature responses, autobiography, letter writing, and plays. Students are asked to choose a topic and write to persuade, entertain, or perform in the form of a short story. Other writing assignments include a response to literature, an autobiographical story, poetry writing, letter writing, and a one-act play.
  7. Speaking and Listening Skills – Students learn how to speak and listen proficiently. Students correctly use the skills of brainstorming, creating a persuasive speech, note taking, listening for a purpose, following instructions, and writing concise directions to demonstrate competence in different situations.
  8. Careers in Language Arts – Teaches students about the various career opportunities that deal with language arts. These include such careers as journalism, library science, publishing, advertising, television, movies, video, and video-game creation.
  9. Conventions of Spelling - Conventions of spelling and proofreading are taught in this chapter. Students are asked to demonstrate the influence of other language and cultures on the spelling of English words, consistently apply rules of spelling, consistently apply word ending rules, use mnemonic devices to spell correctly, apply irregular plurals rules, and recognize 30 grade level sight words.

For details about sixth grade writing standards, please visit Time4Writing.com.

Sixth Grade Vocabulary

Going beyond traditional vocabulary lists, many of the Time4Learning sixth grade vocabulary exercises are integrated within literature based units designed to promote reading comprehension skills and vocabulary building. Resources provided include graphic organizers and printable vocabulary worksheets.

The concentrated study units present topical vocabulary word lists, such as math vocabulary and science vocabulary. Animated vocabulary lessons build on the student’s knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, Latin and Greek roots, idioms, synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms.

Sixth graders move on to reading and vocabulary skills, focusing on subject specific vocabulary in the areas of technology, language arts, science, and art. Language based chapters culminate with activities in accurate reading, speaking, listening, and writing across various genres of literature, progressing to the development of different styles and techniques of writing.

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In sixth grade language arts extensions,
the Speaking and Listening Skills
chapter teaches students how to
prepare a speech.

In this lesson, students learn how
to identify the beginning, middle
and ending of a persuasive speech

6th grade language arts

Sixth Grade Math

The sixth grade math curriculum contains numerous math lessons, as well as some printable worksheets. Homeschoolers use the curriculum because it constitutes a solid sixth grade math program correlated to state standards  Non homeschoolers use the math curriculum as a sixth grade math tutoring program, for test preparation or summer enrichment.

Exciting animated characters present the sixth grade math lessons in bite sized pieces, at the student's pace. Each chapter builds on the last. Sixth graders are guided through whole numbers, order of operations, fractions and decimals, basic algebra, geometry, graphing and probability using interactive prompts and hilarious situations to bring the lessons to life.

The math lessons are organized into a sequence of chapters that introduce and cover:

  1. Whole Numbers – Students learn how to apply concepts of place value and estimation through the use of Arabic and Roman numerals. Students will use Roman numeral, numbers from one to billions, comparison of whole numbers, rounding off and estimating whole numbers, and the four basic operations to solve real world problems.
  2. Operations with whole numbers – Students develop an understanding of operations using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers. Students use exponents, square roots, order of operations, variables and expressions, patterns and sequences, equations, perimeter, area, and problem solving in models and concrete objects to solve real- life problems.
  3. Decimals – Students apply their knowledge of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing using decimals to solve problems. Lessons include generating equivalent forms of decimals, comparing and ordering decimals, estimating, rounding off, multiplying and dividing with decimals, scientific notation, one step equations with decimals, and applying decimals to problem solving.
  4. Fractions - Students develop their ability to add and subtract using fractions and mixed numbers through the use of interactive lessons. Exercises reinforce application of this knowledge to multiplying and dividing with fractions, lowest common multiples, least common denominator, greatest common factor, and developing relationships between fractions, decimals, and percents.
  5. Integers – Students explore integers and variables and how they are used with addition, subtractions, multiplication, and division. Lessons will develop an understanding of integers in the real world, comparing and ordering, adding and subtracting, multiplying and dividing, one step equations with fractions and decimals, and using inductive and deductive reasoning to solve word problems.
  6. Graphing – Students will learn how to analyze, interpret, and create graphs. Students develop accuracy using tables, various graphs, graphing, measures of central tendency, ordered pairs, stem and leaf plots, data analysis, organized lists, and problem solving.
  7. Measurement –Teaches students methods of conversion between standards of measurement. Lessons require students to perform conversions using the metric system and customary system of measurement, determine the best unit of measurement for an object, determine elapsed time, and determine customary and metric measurement for temperature.
  8. Ratios, Proportions, Percents – Ratios, proportions, and percents are presented as a method to solve problems. Students will apply decimals and fractions, unit rates, geometric pictures, simple interest, grids and scale drawing, and percents to solve problems with ratios and proportions.
  9. Geometry – Students will discover various geometric concepts that apply to modeled real life situations. Lessons enable students to explore basic geometry definitions, angles, lines, triangles, solid figures, classification of polygons, circumference, area, proportional change, surface area, and volume.
  10. Functions and Probability – Students will apply the concept of theoretical probability and use results to make predictions. Students will identify function relationships, solve and interpret graphs, find the distance between two points on a graph, draw conclusions from data, determine possible outcomes, find the probability of an event, identify difference between independent and dependent events, find combinations and permutation, and apply algebraic expressions to problem solving.
  11. Practice – Students will apply previous knowledge through interactive lessons on reading and writing numbers, divisibility rules, greatest common factors, rounding off, exponents, greatest common factor, scientific notation, absolute value, inequalities, number lines, absolute value, estimation, inverse operations, using a calculator, exponents, and order of operations. This review chapter is a comprehensive review of the entire sixth grade math course.

For a more detailed description of the sixth grade math lessons, please visit our sixth grade math scope and sequence page.

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In sixth grade math, R. Eddie teaches
about ordered pairs in the lesson
Coordinate Graphing

In this lesson, sixth graders learn
how to locate and plot points on
a coordinate graph

6th grade math

Sixth Grade Science

Middle school science is organized into three primary courses that correlate to state standards: Earth/Space Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Middle school science covers materials typically offered at the sixth to eighth grade level, although parents have the option of choosing a middle school science course if they have students in fourth grade and above. In addition, Nature of Science is provided as an added supplement with each of the middle school courses.

  • Earth/Space Science Course - Teaches students about Earth's structure, geologic processes, plate tectonics, oceans and the water cycle, Earth's atmosphere, weather and climate, our solar system, stars, and galaxies. Students also investigate how the motions of the sun, the moon, and Earth create days, seasons, years, eclipses, phases of the moon, and tides.
  • Life Science Course - Covers the characteristics of living things, plant and animal cell structures, the characteristics of unicellular and multicellular life, genetics, classification of organisms, the structure and function of human cells tissues organs and organ systems, and the structure and function of plants.
  • Physical Science Course - Covers chemistry and physics, including physical and chemical changes, atoms and elements, mixtures and solutions, the periodic table, states of matter, motion, gravity, density and buoyancy, energy, heat, the properties of waves, and light.
  • Nature Of Science Supplement - The Science of Nature materials are supplemental, recommended for use alongside the Life Science, Physical Science, and Earth/Space Science courses. It will be included when parents register for any middle school science course. Nature of science teaches students how to safely and correctly use scientific equipment, take measurements, conduct experiments and investigations, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, evaluate evidence, and present their work.

See the middle school science curriculum overview for more information.

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In middle school Earth & Space
Science, students are introduced
to the Earth's layered structure

In this lesson, students learn
about the composition of each
of the layers within Earth's crust.

middle school earth science

Sixth Grade Social Studies

The sixth grade social studies curriculum contains numerous lessons,  worksheets, quizzes and tests, organized into a variety of chapters. Homeschooling parents use the program as a supplement to their curriculum. Non homeschoolers utilize the curriculum as a source for 6th grade online tutoring or social studies practice. Although the materials are extensive, social studies is included as an added bonus. It does not correlate to all state standards and is not animated.

  1. Ancient Hebrew Civilization - Students learn about the major characteristics and contributions of the Ancient Hebrew civilization. Aspects about Yahweh, the Code of Morals, and how these ethical traditions affected Western Civilization are explored.
  2. Early Civilization of India – Teaches students about the Indus River Valley and its physical setting, Brahmanism and Hinduism, the Caste System, Buddhism in India and its spread to surrounding countries, and the contributions of India in the areas of art, literature, medicine, astronomy, and mathematics.
  3. Early Civilization of China - Students learn about the major characteristics and contributions of the Early Chinese civilization. Lessons cover the first emperor, the Han Dynasty, the “silk” road, the Tang Dynasty, and important Chinese discoveries.
  4. Rome – Teaches the major characteristics about Rome and its development. Students will be able to describe the location and rise of the Roman republic, the features of Roman government, reasons for the growth of Roman territories, the transition from republic to empire, the migration of the Jews, origins of Christianity, how Christianity spread, and the Roman legacy left to us in art, architecture, technology, science, literature, language, and law.
  5. Civilizations of Islam - Students learn about the major characteristics and contributions of the Islamic Civilizations including the location of the Arabian Peninsula and its physical features, the spread of Muslim rule by military conquest and treaty, and Muslim contributions to science, geography, mathematics, philosophy, medicine, art, and literature.
  6. African Civilization – The sub-Saharan African civilizations of Ghana and Mali are explored in this chapter. Students are required to locate the Niger river and other vegetation zones, relate these features to the trade of Ghana and Mali, describe the caravan trade across the Sahara, and summarize the written and oral traditions in African culture.
  7. Settling the Western U.S. – Students will learn about the history of the United States during the settlement of the American West including information about the Plains Indians, Settler and Native American Wars, life on the plains, and farming in the late 1800’s.
  8. Industrial Revolution – Teaches about the growth of industry in America. Students will be able to explain why railroads grew after the Civil War, how steel became a big industry, how inventions during this time revolutionized the nation, how factory work changed in the 1880’s, and why there were issues between the workers and owners of factories.
  9. Immigration to America – Students will explore the influx of immigrants in America after 1870 including the reasons they immigrated, the various populations, attempts at urban development, and the changes that took place in cities.
  10. United States 1877-1914 – The changes that were brought about by political, social, and economic effects in the U.S. are discussed. Students are expected to describe the fight for women’s rights, how Theodore Roosevelt became president, Roosevelt’s reforms, Woodrow Wilson’s policies, the fight for equality and against discrimination, and the problems faced by African, Asian, Mexican, and Native Americans.
  11. The U.S. as a World Power – Students will learn about the circumstances that helped the U.S. become a world leader including overseas expansion, the Spanish-American War, the Panama Canal, and the Invasion of Mexico.
  12. Investigate Your State - Students will examine people, events, and ideas of particular importance to the development of their state. Lessons include research based activities to determine which Native American artifacts and homes have been used in your state. Students will also identify their state’s major office holders and develop a chart depicting the branches of their local government.
  13. Characteristics of Your State – Students will examine the natural resources, industries, and landmarks present in his or her state. Students are required to develop a creative travel brochure depicting the information gathered.
  14. Maps/Globes/Geographic Tools - Teaches students about the advantages and disadvantages of using maps and globes. Students will also learn about the methods used for finding particular locations on the globe, and the various weather patterns in relations to ecosystems.
  15. Political Science – Students learn about political science through a look at the political make up of our country. Lessons include a look at the Constitution, the ways to become a citizen, a citizen’s rights, responsibilities, and privileges, American principles and values, the importance of guaranteeing human rights, private life, and civic life.
  16. U.S. Political System – The U.S. political system is viewed through a historical context. Lessons include a look at political parties and what they are, how a presidential candidate is selected, and how the presidential election flows from nomination to the general election.
  17. Economic System – Describes the various influences on the economic systems found in the Eastern world. Students should be able to explain how physical geography, specialization and trade influence the way people earn money; international trade requires a system for exchanging money between nations; the economic factors such as scarcity choice, opportunity, cost, money, goods, and services, price, and supply and demand affect global trade; how each system determines what will be produced, for whom, and how; and the Gross Domestic Product in the Eastern world and the United States.

For a more detailed description of the sixth grade social studies lessons, please visit our sixth grade social studies scope and sequence page.

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In sixth grade social studies, students
learn about early civilizations such as
India, China and Rome

In this lesson, students learn how
Italy was divided between the Greeks,
Latins and Etruscans around 500 B.C

6th grade social studies

Sixth Grade Lessons - The Time4Learning Program Structure

Time4Learning has been refined through years of feedback from educators, parents, and students. Sixth grade subjects are organized into chapters composed of interactive lessons, printable worksheets, quizzes and tests. Sixth graders are guided through the activities at their own pace by an automated system.

When students log in, they choose a subject, select a chapter, pick a lesson and complete the activities. A bright green arrow tells them where they left off, and completed work is clearly labeled with a check-mark or a gold star. Visual and auditory prompts guide sixth graders through the lessons making them easy for young learners to follow, and an online playground (controlled by parents) rewards and motivates them to finish their lessons.

Parents get access to printable lesson plans, teaching tools, detailed reporting and parental support through our online Parent Forum.

Does your child have different achievement levels for math and language arts? No problem. Time4Learning lets you set each individual subject at the appropriate graded level, making this program great for special needs and gifted students.

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program structure

Sixth Grade Curriculum for Homeschool, Afterschool and Summer Use

Proficiency in math, language arts, science and social studies becomes more important as students enter the sixth grade. Time4Learning can be used for homeschool, afterschool or summer learning and is a great way to start sixth graders off on the right foot.

Time4Learning presents sixth grade curriculum in a style that is both engaging and effective. Kids love the funny sound effects and quirky cartoon characters delivering the material. Animated, interactive lessons feel more like video games than learning exercises. For homeschool and summer usage, the student-paced nature of the program lets students work independently, giving them a sense of ownership over their progress which is a great motivator.

As an afterschool tutorial, Time4Learning's sixth grade program can be used to give students the extra help they need. This online tutorial teaches real concepts in a logical progression using a visual, audio and tactile approach that students of all learning modalities can benefit from. The interactive lessons within the online tutorials reinforce the basics and build upon them. Even students who keep up with their studies can use the tutorials to practice new or difficult concepts.

Time4Learning is entirely web based, so there is no software to download, no CDs and nothing additional to purchase. Your kids will be able to access the program 24/7 from any computer with an internet connection. It has a low monthly price, requires no contracts and offers a 14 day money-back guarantee.

Time4Learning has helped thousands of families. Why not yours? – Sign up now.

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