# First Grade Online Homeschool Math Curriculum

A first grade math curriculum should teach students the fundamentals in a way that is not just effective, but also fun. In addition to giving students a solid foundation, first grade math fluency also arms students with the tools and confidence they need to learn more advanced concepts down the road.

If a child can’t keep up with a first grade math curriculum, not only will they fall behind and, in turn, lose confidence, but they’ll also lose interest in the subject. Additionally, the skills and concepts that students learn in first grade math aren’t just limited to use in their academic studies. First grade math fluency also helps students become better problem solvers and logical thinkers.

## What Math Should a 1st Grader Know

Students will acquire tons of new math skills in first grade. This knowledge will serve as a foundation for what they will learn in second grade math and also expand on what they learned in kindergarten. As they go into first grade, students should be familiar with a number of concepts in order for them to be successful and learn more advanced topics and math strategies. These include, but are not limited to:

• Be able to count, identify and write numbers
• Perform one-digit addition and subtraction
• Have an understanding of quantity (more and less)
• Familiarity with patterns and shapes
• Knowledge of place value (ones, tens, etc.)

The ideal math curriculum for first grade should not only build on these skills and ensure mastery of new concepts, but also make learning fun by engaging and motivating students.

## Math Objectives for 1st Grade

Once you’ve selected the ideal math curriculum, it is important to set some attainable goals. Below is a sample of what some of these math goals should be:

• Count to 100; county by 5s and 10s to 100; count by 2s to 40
• Represent numbers on a number line
• Add and subtract 2-digit numbers
• Write the date; tell time; read a calendar
• Count and create coin combinations; add and subtract money
• Identify, sort and classify 2-dimensional shapes
• Understanding the value of money

Towards the end of the year, if your child has already achieved most of their first grade math goals you can give them a head start for the next year by having them practice math facts. This will solidify what they learned in first grade and prepare them for their second grade math learning targets.

## 1st Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Read Numbers – 2 Activities

Read whole numbers up to 100. Use one-to-one correspondence to count objects up to 100.

#### Lesson 2: Compare Numbers – 2 Activities

Compare and order whole numbers up to 100 by understanding the concepts of greater than, less than, and equality.

#### Lesson 3: Ordinal Numbers – 2 Activities

Match ordinal numbers with an ordered set of up to ten items. Identify first, second, and third by name.

#### Lesson 4: Count Numbers – 2 Activities

Count forward and backward by ones and count forward by tens from any number less than 100.

#### Lesson 5: Place Value – 2 Activities

Identify the place value of a digit in whole numbers to 100. Identify the value of digits up to the hundreds place.

#### Lesson 6: Compare with Place Value – 2 Activities

Group objects by tens and ones. Compare and order whole numbers up to 100 using place value.

#### Lesson 7: Count by Twos and Fives – 2 Activities

Count forward by twos and fives up to 50.

#### Lesson 8: Odd and Even Numbers – 2 Activities

Model and identify even and odd numbers.

#### Lesson 1: Equal and Unequal Parts – 2 Activities

Identify equal and unequal parts of wholes.

#### Lesson 2: Halves and Fourths – 2 Activities

Identify and demonstrate fractions (1/2, 1/4) as parts of whole and parts of a set using concrete materials and drawings.

#### Lesson 3: Thirds – 2 Activities

Identify and demonstrate thirds and 1/3 of wholes using concrete materials and objects.

#### Lesson 4: Equal Fractions – 2 Activities

Identify equivalent fractional parts as a whole.

#### Lesson 1: Adding and Subtracting – 4 Activities

Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of addition and subtraction by using language such as put together, take away, increase, decrease, compare, and find the difference. Relate informal language to mathematical language and symbols.

#### Lesson 2: Place Value – 2 Activities

When given any number up to 100, identify one more than, one less than, 10 more than, and 10 less than.

#### Lesson 3: Equal Numbers – 2 Activities

Using diagrams and/or numerical expressions, represent equivalent forms of the same number up to 12.

#### Lesson 4: One-digit Addition – 2 Activities

Solve one-digit addition problems.

#### Lesson 5: One-digit Subtraction – 2 Activities

Solve one-digit subtraction problems.

#### Lesson 6: Sum of Three Addends – 6 Activities

Find the sum of three one-digit numbers.

#### Lesson 7: Two-digit Addition – 6 Activities

Solve two-digit addition problems.

#### Lesson 8: Zero as a Placeholder – 2 Activities

Explain the meaning of zero and its function as a placeholder. Explore adding and subtracting zero.

#### Lesson 9: Addition and Subtraction Strategies – 7 Activities

Solve for basic addition and subtraction facts by using strategies such as counting on, counting back, doubling, doubling plus one, and making ten.

#### Lesson 10: One-Digit Word Problems – 2 Activities

Solve addition and subtraction one-digit word problems by selecting the proper operation.

#### Lesson 11: Problem Solving Strategies – 2 Activities

Choose an appropriate method, such as using concrete materials, mental math, or paper and pencil to solve real-world addition and subtraction problems.

#### Lesson 12: Estimation Language – 2 Activities

Use the appropriate language of estimation such as about, near, closer to, and between to identify and describe numbers in real-world situations.

#### Lesson 13: Estimate – 3 Activities

Estimate reasonable answers to compare amounts, count objects, and solve basic facts.

#### Lesson 1: Coin Values – 2 Activities

Identify and name the values of coins (penny, nickel, dime) and show different combinations of coins that equal the same value, up to 75¢. Recognize and use the cents sign.

#### Lesson 2: Count Money – 2 Activities

Identify and count money to equal an amount using the fewest coins.

#### Lesson 3: Model Money Amounts – 2 Activities

Identify and count money to equal an amount using the fewest coins.

#### Lesson 4: Add and Subtract Money – 3 Activities

Solve simple addition and subtraction problems involving the use of pennies, nickels, and dimes up to 50¢.

#### Lesson 1: Sort Using One Attribute – 2 Activities

Sort and classify objects by one attribute.

#### Lesson 2: Sort Using Two Attributes – 2 Activities

Sort and classify objects by two or more attributes.

#### Lesson 3: Rules for Sorting – 2 Activities

Justify rules for sorting and classifying.

#### Lesson 4: Build Patterns – 2 Activities

Use one attribute to create a pattern. Identify errors in repeating patterns.

#### Lesson 5: Classify Patterns – 2 Activities

Classify, describe, and extend patterns of objects using a wide variety of attributes (i.e., size, shape, color).

#### Lesson 6: Picture and Number Patterns – 2 Activities

Predict and extend pictorial patterns. Identify and generate patterns in number pairs by adding to a T-chart.

#### Lesson 7: Repeating and Growing Patterns – 2 Activities

Explore and create repeating patterns and growing patterns and generate rule for such patterns.

#### Lesson 8: Patterns on a Hundreds Chart – 2 Activities

Explore patterns of numbers on a hundreds chart.

#### Lesson 9: Skip Counting – 2 Activities

Use patterns to skip count by 2s, 5s, and 10s to 100. Understand and identify odd and even numbers.

#### Lesson 10: Extend Number Patterns – 2 Activities

Predict and extend existing numerical patterns using addition.

#### Lesson 1: Order Property – 2 Activities

Use the Commutative Property of Addition in solving problems.

#### Lesson 2: Add and Subtract Numbers – 2 Activities

Using objects and pictures, model situations that involve the addition and subtraction of whole numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Fact Families – 2 Activities

Identify fact families by understanding the patterns in related addition and subtraction sentences.

#### Lesson 4: Number Sentences – 2 Activities

Using objects, create models that represent a variety of number sentences including the missing addend.

#### Lesson 5: Equal and Unequal – 2 Activities

Use concrete objects and pictorial representations to explore equalities and inequalities.

#### Lesson 6: Greater Than and Less Than – 2 Activities

Use concrete objects to solve number sentences with equalities and inequalities using the symbols <, =, >.

#### Lesson 7: Solve for Unknown Numbers – 3 Activities

Solve addition and subtraction problems with an unknown number represented by a geometric shape.

#### Lesson 1: Straight and Curved Lines – 2 Activities

Compare plane figures based on their straight and curved lines.

#### Lesson 2: Open and Closed Shapes – 2 Activities

Identify open and closed figures.

#### Lesson 3: Plane and Solid Shapes – 4 Activities

Identify circles, triangles, and rectangles (including squares), and describe the shape of balls, boxes, cans, and cones. Sort shapes by attributes (sides, curves, corners).

#### Lesson 4: Special Plane Shapes – 2 Activities

Recognize plane shapes such as hexagons, trapezoids, and rhombi.

#### Lesson 5: Attributes of Plane Shapes – 2 Activities

Describe and compare attributes (sides, vertices, angles) of two-dimensional shapes.

#### Lesson 6: Name Solid Shapes – 2 Activities

Recognize solid shapes such as spheres, cylinders, cones, and cubes.

#### Lesson 7: Attributes of Solid Shapes – 2 Activities

Describe and compare attributes (edges, vertices, faces) of three-dimensional shapes.

#### Lesson 8: Congruent Shapes – 3 Activities

Identify congruent two- and three-dimensional shapes.

#### Lesson 1: Positions of Objects – 2 Activities

Describe relative positions of objects or shapes using words such as top, middle, on, inside, and outside.

#### Lesson 2: Direction Words – 2 Activities

Interpret directional words such as left, right, up, and down.

#### Lesson 3: Position Words – 2 Activities

Identify, locate, and move objects according to positional words such as to the left, above, and behind.

#### Lesson 4: The Number Line – 2 Activities

Locate, plot, and identify known and unknown numbers on a number line from 0 to 20 by ones and from 1 to 100 by tens.

#### Lesson 1: Slides and Turns – 2 Activities

Identify slides and turns with objects.

#### Lesson 2: Congruent Shapes – 2 Activities

Identify matching pairs of congruent figures that have been turned or flipped.

#### Lesson 3: Symmetry – 2 Activities

Identify lines of symmetry in two-dimensional shapes.

#### Lesson 1: Build Shapes – 6 Activities

Create two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes using other shapes (e.g., two squares make a rectangle).

#### Lesson 2: Plane and Solid Shapes – 2 Activities

Recognize two- and three-dimensional shapes from various perspectives.

#### Lesson 3: Perimeter and Area – 2 Activities

Compare perimeter and area of two-dimensional shapes in terms of less than, equal to, or greater than.

#### Lesson 4: Shapes Around Us – 2 Activities

Recognize geometric shapes in the environment.

#### Lesson 5: Pattern Blocks – 2 Activities

Use pattern blocks to form shapes. Identify combined shapes in nature, art, and architecture.

#### Lesson 1: Calendar – 2 Activities

Identify the names of the week and months of the year using a calendar.

#### Lesson 2: Passage of Time – 2 Activities

Identify the keywords that name the passage of time such as yesterday, afternoon, night, and day.

#### Lesson 3: Tools for Telling Time – 2 Activities

Identify tools for measuring time such as clocks and calendars and name parts of each tool.

#### Lesson 4: Time to the Hour and Half-hour – 2 Activities

Tell time on analog and digital clocks to hour and half hour, and relate time events using shorter/longer.

#### Lesson 5: Time to the Hour and Half-hour – 2 Activities

Tell time on analog and digital clocks to hour and half hour, and relate time events using shorter/longer.

#### Lesson 6: Elapsed Time – 2 Activities

Solve simple real-world problems involving elapsed time to the hour and half hour and minutes.

#### Lesson 1: Non-standard Units – 2 Activities

Use nonstandard units to estimate and measure lengths.

#### Lesson 2: Compare Lengths – 2 Activities

Compare the length of two or more objects by using direct comparison or by using nonstandard units.

#### Lesson 3: Customary Units – 2 Activities

Use customary units to measure, compare, and order objects according to lengths, in inches and feet.

#### Lesson 4: Tools and Units – 2 Activities

Choose the appropriate unit and tool to measure length.

#### Lesson 5: Metric Units – 2 Activities

Use metric units to measure, compare, and order objects according to lengths.

#### Lesson 1: Non-standard Units – 2 Activities

Use nonstandard units to estimate and measure weights.

#### Lesson 2: Compare Weights – 2 Activities

Compare the weight of two or more objects by using direct comparison or by using nonstandard units.

#### Lesson 3: Customary Units – 3 Activities

Compare the weight of two or more objects using customary units and identify the tools for measuring weight.

#### Lesson 4: Metric Units – 2 Activities

Use metric units to measure, compare, and order objects according to weights.

#### Lesson 1: Non-standard Units – 2 Activities

Use nonstandard units to estimate and measure capacity.

#### Lesson 2: Compare Capacity – 2 Activities

Compare the capacity of two or more containers using direct comparison.

#### Lesson 3: Customary Units – 2 Activities

Compare the capacity (in cups, pints, and quarts) of two or more containers. Identify the tools for measuring capacity.

#### Lesson 4: Metric Units – 2 Activities

Use metric units to measure, compare, and order objects according to capacity.

#### Lesson 1: Measure Temperature – 2 Activities

Using a Fahrenheit thermometer, tell temperature to the nearest 10 degrees. Match temperature in degrees Fahrenheit to the feeling outside of a warm or cold day.

#### Lesson 2: Compare Temperature – 2 Activities

Compare temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit of two or more objects. Identify tools for measuring temperature.

#### Lesson 1: Tally Table – 2 Activities

Sort objects into categories and create a tally table.

#### Lesson 2: Pictographs – 2 Activities

Organize and record data in pictographs.

#### Lesson 3: Bar Graphs – 2 Activities

Organize and record data in bar graphs.

#### Lesson 1: Compare Data – 2 Activities

Interpret data and explore range and mode in simple graphs.

#### Lesson 2: Make Predictions – 2 Activities

Use data to make predictions about events or situations.

#### Lesson 1: Certain or Impossible – 2 Activities

Identify whether an event is certain, possible, or impossible.

#### Lesson 2: Most and Least Likely – 2 Activities

Identify the likelihood of a given event.

## Why Choose Time4Learning First Grade Math Homeschool Curriculum

Without a thorough understanding of foundational math skills, students will find it difficult to keep up with a first grade math curriculum. As we all know, in order to keep a young child engaged and to instill a lifelong love of learning they need to enjoy the lessons.

Time4Learning makes learning fun for first graders through interactive, multimedia-based lessons that feature colorful animations, funny characters, and catchy songs — all of which help children learn, retain information, and have fun. With a simple-to-follow format that builds on previous material, students are able to expand their knowledge and build their first grade math fluency in order to master concepts in number sense, addition, subtraction, estimation, money, patterns, and more.

In addition to providing an award-winning curriculum for students, Time4Learning can help your student achieve all their first grade math goals and objectives with our flexible, student-paced curriculum. It also offers convenient tools for parents that help you save time and homeschool with confidence. Learn more about our online first grade homeschool curriculum, designed to help your child learn and master their fundamental concepts.

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