A sixth grade math curriculum should be taught using sixth grade lessons including interactive activities, learning games, printable worksheets, assessments, and reinforcement. Manipulatives are very important for sixth grade math lessons.
Sixth grade math curriculum should rely on many learning tools – sixth grade lessons include activities with worksheets, reinforcement exercises, and assessments.
And a sixth grade math curriculum should cover all the math strands, not just arithmetic. The major math strands for sixth grade curriculum are number sense and operations, algebra, geometry and spatial sense, measurement, and data analysis and probability. While these math strands might surprise you, they are all critical lessons for a sixth grade math curriculum.
Sixth Grade Math – What are the Standards and Curriculum?
All the math strands are covered in sixth grade math lessons, worksheets, and activities. Sixth grade math students build on what they learned in fifth grade math, which led them to the decimal base-10 number system, finding factors of numbers to 100, and multiplication of decimals to hundredths. In sixth grade math they work with numbers through the hundred thousands or more. They compare decimals to fractions, and add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals and fractions. Sixth grade math opens them up to a greater understanding of measurement techniques, geometry and algebraic thinking. It will be an exciting year full of new, complex math concepts.
Time4Learning teaches a comprehensive sixth grade math curriculum using fun sixth grade math activities to build a solid math foundation. Help your child excel in math. Learn more about Time4Learning’s sixth grade math lessons, curriculum, activities and worksheets.
Sixth Grade Math Curriculum and Standards – Lessons, Activities, Worksheets – Number Sense and Operations
During sixth grade, math students demonstrate a knowledge of word names and standard numerals for whole numbers, fractions, decimals through hundred-thousands, and percents. They read and write whole numbers and decimals in expanded form. Using graphic models, number lines and symbols they compare and order fractions, decimals, and common percents.
A sixth grade math student will be able to describe the meanings of positive rational numbers, will understand the relationships between fractions, decimals, and percents, and will be able to express quantities in various ways using fractions, decimals, and percents. Sixth grade math students learn about the inverse relationship of positive and negative numbers. Also during sixth grade math, students are expected to use all four basic arithmetic operations on whole numbers, fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals. They should be able to select the right operations and solve real-life problems with one and two step solutions.
Sixth grade math students learn to compare the decimal number system to systems that don’t use place value such as Roman or Egyptian number systems. They are trained to apply commutative, associative and distributive properties in the addition and multiplication of rational numbers. Sixth grade math students also learn about the order of operations used when solving problems – for example, operations inside parenthesis are computed first.
A component of sixth grade math is to know about proportional relationships and to be able to describe them. Students should be able to justify their choice of methods used for calculations. They should estimate to predict results and check the reasonableness of results. Sixth grade math students should know if numbers are prime or composite. They should use divisibility rules, determine prime factorization of numbers less than or equal to 100, and should be able to find the greatest common factor and least common multiple of two or more numbers.
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Sixth Grade Math Curriculum and Standards – Lessons, Activities, Worksheets – Measurement
Sixth grade math students create formulas for finding perimeter, circumference and area. They will discover an approximation for Pi and use a protractor to measure and name angles, including right, acute, obtuse, and straight. They classify triangles according to the measurement of their angles and the length of their sides. Using angle relationships they determine the measure of a missing angle.
Given a two-dimensional figure, sixth grade math students learn to create a new figure by increasing or decreasing original dimensions. They also learn about the relationship between the area or perimeter of an original figure compared to a newly created figure. They will know proportional relationships in scale drawings and be able to use scale drawings to solve real-world problems including distance in map reading.
Comparing length, weight, capacity, or mass, sixth grade math students measure objects using customary or metric measurements and appropriate measuring instruments. They use square inches and meters to measure areas, and cubic units to measure volumes. They will know whether an exact answer is needed, or if an approximation will do. Sixth grade math students are able to estimate length, width, mass, and capacity and to solve real-world problems involving estimations.
More on 6th grade math standards.
Learning the Math Facts. Where do they fit in building a math foundation?
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*Math Curriculum, Lessons, & Standards are defined by each state. Time4Learning bases its sixth grade math curriculum on the national bodies that recommend curriculum and standards and the interpretations of it by a sampling of states notably Florida, Texas, and California.
In sixth grade math, R. Eddie teaches about ordered pairs in the lesson Coordinate Graphing.
In this lesson, sixth graders learn how to locate and plot points on a coordinate graph.
Additional Resources Related to Sixth Grade Math
A few math-related topics:
- Does your child have math anxiety? Learn how using the computer can help conquer it, before it becomes an issue.
- Read about math facts and find out where they fit in, while building a solid math foundation.
If you’re interested in the sixth grade math lesson plans, you might also be interested in:
Lesson plans for other grade levels of math:
Other sixth grade subjects and topics:
- Sixth Grade Curriculum Overview
- Sixth grade language arts lesson plans
- Sixth grade science lesson plans
- Sixth grade social studies lesson plans
- Sixth grade spelling lists
- Sixth grade writing standards
Wondering how many lessons to have your child do each day? Our lesson planning worksheet can help you estimate.