Second Grade Math Activities & Curriculum Standards

Second Grade Math Activities & Curriculum Standards
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Second grade math curriculum should rely on many learning tools – lessons with interactive activities, printable worksheets, reinforcement exercises, assessments and math strands.

The major math strands for a second grade curriculum are number sense and operations, algebraic thinking, geometrical figures and objects, measurement of length, weight, capacity, time, and temperature, and data analysis and probability. While these math strands might surprise you, they cover the basics of what a second grader should learn in math.

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Second Grade Math – What are the Standards and Curriculum?

Time4Learning teaches a comprehensive second grade math curriculum using fun activities to build a solid math foundation in the following five major math strands:

Number Sense and Operations

In second grade math, students will be expected to:

  • Use of ordinal numbers to 100th
  • Compare and order whole numbers to 1000
  • Group objects into hundreds, tens and ones, relating the groupings to a written numeral

Counting is an important skill for second grade math. The children will learn to:

  • Count by 2s, 3s, 5s, 10s, 25s, 50s and 100s
  • Learn to count forward or backward by 1s or 10s starting with any number less than 1000
  • Understand the difference between odd and even numbers

Second grade math students will be learning about monetary value including:

  • Count mixed groups of coins including pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and half-dollars
  • Recognize equivalent forms of money values
  • Count coins up to one dollar or more during the course of the year

Second grade math students will be learning about place value including:

  • Learn place values up to 1000
  • Place value patterns using 0 as a place holder (10, 100, etc.)

During this year, second grade math students will learn addition and subtraction. The children will demonstrate that they know addition means putting together, subtraction means taking away, and the following:

  • Understand the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction, and be able to predict the relative size of solutions for both addition and subtraction
  • Students should be able to add or subtract two-digit numbers with or without regrouping

Algebraic Thinking

Children in second grade math will predict, extend, and create patterns. They will:

  • Use pictorial representations and numbers to explore equalities and inequalities
  • Solve number sentences with equalities and inequalities using the symbols <, =, >
  • Solve real-world addition and subtraction equations with one unknown
  • Create models that explore the concept of an equation being balanced

Geometry and Spatial Sense

  • Describe and create plane shapes such as squares, rectangles, triangles, hexagons, trapezoids, and parallelograms
  • Identify area as the number of squares it takes to cover a plane object
  • Identify similar and congruent two-dimensional objects
  • Explore perimeter and area of two-dimensional shapes


During second grade math, children will show a basic understanding of measuring lengths, weights, and capacity by selecting appropriate units to use for measurement. Student will:

  • Learn to measure weight and capacity of objects using appropriate units
  • Learn what tools are available for measuring linear dimensions, weight, capacity, and temperature
  • Learn to use clocks and calendars to measure time

*Math Standards are defined by each state. Time4Learning bases its use of standards on the national bodies that recommend curriculum and standards and the interpretations of it by a sampling of states notably Florida, Texas, and California.

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Data Analysis and Probability

Second grade math students will be able to make predictions about events or situations. They will also:

  • Identify whether an event is certain, possible, or impossible
  • Identify the likelihood of a mathematical event as less likely, likely, or more likely to occur
  • Make predictions based on data from activities of chance such as coin flips and spinners

Second Grade Math Curriculum and Standards Summary

Second grade math lessons and activities that cover just one or two of these five strands are narrow and lead to a weak understanding of math.

But with Time4Learning’s comprehensive math program, children are placed in the sequence based on their current skills. Math becomes fun! Parents can participate and watch how new concepts are introduced progressively and mastered through practice. Help your child excel in math and start learning today. Want to know more? Try the demo math lessons.

Additional Resources Related to Second Grade Math

If you’re interested in the second grade math lesson plans, you might also be interested in:

Online Curriculum for Homeschool, Afterschool and Summer Use

If you are just learning about Time4Learning, we’d suggest second looking at our interactive lesson demos.

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