# 6th Grade Scope and Sequence

The 6th grade scope and sequence of a curriculum lists out all the topics and concepts that are going to be taught throughout the length of a particular course.

Aside from the outline of what your child will be learning, the 6th grade scope and sequence provides the order in which things will be taught and may also include lesson objectives. This helps you plan your homeschool year as it lays out the material in chronological order and gives you the opportunity to preview the year ahead.

Time4Learning members have access to the 6th grade scope and sequence for math, language arts, science and social studies. This page provides an overview of what you can expect your child to learn with our award-winning curriculum.

## 6th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Roman and Greek Numerals

Students will use Roman and Greek numerals.

#### Lesson 2: Generate Equivalent Forms of Whole Numbers

Students will find equivalent forms for whole numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing and Ordering Whole Numbers

Students will compare and order whole numbers up to one trillion.

#### Lesson 4: Rounding Whole Numbers

Students will round whole numbers up to one trillion.

#### Lesson 5: Estimating Whole Numbers

Students will estimate whole numbers when solving problems.

#### Lesson 6: Adding and Subtracting Whole Numbers

Students will add and subtract whole numbers up to one trillion.

#### Lesson 7: Multiplying and Dividing Whole Numbers

Students will multiply and divide whole numbers up to four digits.

#### Lesson 8: Dividing Whole Numbers

Students will divide whole numbers with the dividend being no larger than five digits and the divisor being no more than three digits.

#### Lesson 9: Using the Standard Algorithm to Divide 4-Digit Dividends by 2-Digit Divisors

Students will use the standard algorithm to divide 4-digit dividends by 2-digit divisors.

#### Lesson 10: Problem Solving Strategies

Students will apply strategies in order to solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Exponents and Square Roots

Students will evaluate expressions using exponents and square roots.

#### Lesson 2: Order of Operations (GEMDAS)

Students will apply the order of operations in order to solve problems.

#### Lesson 3: Variables and Expressions

Students will use variables in order to simplify expressions.

#### Lesson 4: Properties of Addition and Multiplication

Students will apply properties of addition and multiplication when solving problems.

#### Lesson 5: Patterns and Sequences

Students will identify patterns, arithmetic and geometric sequences.

#### Lesson 6: One-Step Equations with Whole Numbers

Students will solve one-step equations using only whole numbers.

#### Lesson 7: Perimeter

Students will find the perimeter of given shapes.

#### Lesson 8: Area

Students will identify the area of a given shape.

#### Lesson 9: Problem Solving

Students will use choose the method for computation and use models and concrete objects to solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Generate Equivalent Forms of Decimals

Students will identify decimal place value and write the number in standard, written and expanded form.

#### Lesson 2: Comparing and Ordering Decimals

Students will compare and order decimals including using a number line.

#### Lesson 3: Estimating and Rounding Decimals

Students will round and estimate decimals in performing all four operations.

#### Lesson 4: Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Students will add and subtract decimals using money.

#### Lesson 5: Multiplying Decimals

Students will multiply and round decimals.

#### Lesson 6: Dividing Decimals

Students will divide by whole numbers and decimals.

#### Lesson 7: Scientific Notation

Students will compare rational numbers using scientific notation.

#### Lesson 8: One-Step Equations with Decimals

Students will solve one-step equations with decimals using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

#### Lesson 9: Problem Solving

Students will use the guess and check and reasonableness strategies in order to solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Introduction to Fractions

Students will identify pictorial and numerical representations of fractions and mixed numbers.

#### Lesson 2: Lowest Common Multiple

Students will find the lowest common multiple of more than two numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Least Common Denominator

Students will find the least common denominator for two or more fractions.

#### Lesson 4: Divisibility Patterns

Students will divisibility rules for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 and 10 for sets of numbers.

#### Lesson 5: Introduction to Prime and Composite Numbers

Students will solve problems using prime factorization.

#### Lesson 6: Factors and GCF

Students will find the factors of whole numbers by listing factors and using prime factorization.

#### Lesson 7: Simplify Fractions

Students will simplify fractions with prime factorization and greatest common factor. Students will also show division remainders as simplified fractions.

#### Lesson 8: Equivalent Fractions

Students will find equivalent fractions by finding the missing variable and applying concepts used to find equivalent fractions for improper fractions and mixed numbers.

#### Lesson 9: Fractions and Decimals

Students will find equivalent forms for decimals and fraction including repeating decimals.

#### Lesson 10: Comparing and Ordering Fractions

Students will compare and order fractions including using a number line.

#### Lesson 11: Estimating and Rounding Fractions

Students will round fractions to the nearest half number and estimate sums, differences, products and quotients.

#### Lesson 12: Add and Subtract Fractions, Like Denominators

Students will add and subtract fractions with like denominators.

#### Lesson 13: Adding Fractions with Unlike Denominators

Students will add fractions and mixed numbers with unlike denominators.

#### Lesson 14: Subtract Fractions with Unlike Denominators

Students will subtract fractions and mixed numbers with unlike denominators.

#### Lesson 15: Multiplying Fractions

Students will multiply fractions and mixed numbers.

#### Lesson 16: Dividing Fractions

Students will divide fractions and mixed numbers.

#### Lesson 17: Dividing Whole Numbers by Fractions

Students will divide whole numbers by fractions.

#### Lesson 18: Dividing Fractions by Fractions

Students will divide fractions by fractions.

#### Lesson 19: One-Step Equations with Fractions

Students will solve one-step equations using fractions and all four operations.

#### Lesson 1: Understanding Opposites

Students will identify the opposite of a number and the opposite of the opposite of a number.

#### Lesson 2: Using Positive and Negative Numbers to Represent Quantities in the Real World

Students will use positive and negative numbers to represent quantities in the real world.

#### Lesson 3: Finding Rational Numbers on a Number Line

Students will find rational numbers on a number line.

#### Lesson 1: Understanding Absolute Value

Students will work to understand absolute value.

#### Lesson 2: Comparing Absolute Values

Students will compare absolute values of rational numbers.

#### Lesson 1: Integers in the Real World

Students will use integers to describe real-life situations and show them on a number line.

#### Lesson 2: Comparing and Ordering Integers

Students will compare integers and rational numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing Rational Numbers

Students will compare rational numbers that represent real-world situations.

#### Lesson 4: Adding and Subtracting Integers

Students will add and subtract using integers.

#### Lesson 5: Multiplying and Dividing Integers

Students will multiply and divide using integers.

#### Lesson 6: One-Step Equations

Students will solve one step equations with integers including fractions and decimals.

#### Lesson 7: Problem Solving

Students will use deductive or inductive reasoning, process of elimination or work backwards to solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Introduction to Graphs

Students will select appropriate representation and present data while justifying their choice.

#### Lesson 2: Frequency Tables and Line Plots

Students will use frequency tables and identify appropriate intervals.

#### Lesson 3: Pictographs and Venn Diagrams

Students will use Venn Diagrams, stem-and-leaf plots and line plots.

#### Lesson 4: Bar Graphs

Students will use bar graphs and histograms to answer questions.

#### Lesson 5: Line Graphs and Line Plots

Students will read and interpret line graphs, double line graphs and line plots.

#### Lesson 6: Double Bar Graphs and Double Line Graphs

Students will create double bar and line graphs.

#### Lesson 7: Coordinate Graphing (Quad. I)

Students will locate and plot points on a coordinate graph using ordered pairs.

#### Lesson 8: Measures of Central Tendency

Students will identify outliers, range, mean, median and mode.

#### Lesson 9: Misleading Graphs and Statistics

Students will work with fair surveys.

#### Lesson 10: Stem and Leaf Plots

Students will read and interpret stem and leaf plots.

#### Lesson 11: Box and Whisker Graphs

Students will read, interpret and create box and whisker graphs.

#### Lesson 12: Problem Solving

Students will make a table, an organized list, draw a picture or use logic to solve problems.

#### Lesson 1: Reflecting Points over Axes

Students will recognize when ordered pairs are reflected over one or both axes.

#### Lesson 2: Finding Points on a Coordinate Plane

Students will find and position pairs of rational numbers on a coordinate plane.

#### Lesson 3: Graphing Points to Solve Problems

Students will graph points to solve problems.

#### Lesson 1: Metric System

Students will identify the property tool and perform conversions using the metric system.

#### Lesson 2: Customary System

Students will use correct tools and perform conversions using the customary system of measurement.

#### Lesson 3: Measurement

Students will find the approximate measurement to the nearest unit and use reasonableness to determine the best unit for measurement.

#### Lesson 4: Time and Temperature

Students will estimate and find measures of time and elapsed time as well as customary and metric temperature.

#### Lesson 5: Area and Perimeter

Students will find area and perimeter of quadrilaterals.

#### Lesson 6: Problem Solving

Students will communicate the process for solving problems, describe the steps and solve a simpler problem in real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Ratios and Proportions

Students will solve proportions and ratios as decimals and percents.

#### Lesson 2: Solving Proportions and Unit Rates

Students will set up proportions and solve unit rates and problems using geometric pictures.

#### Lesson 3: Rate

Students will solve problems with rates and simple interest.

#### Lesson 4: Understanding Unit Rates

Students will understand unit rates and to use diagrams to find unit rates.

#### Lesson 5: Percents

Students will show equivalent forms of percents in fractions and decimals and solve problems that are greater than 100%.

#### Lesson 6: Circle Graphs

Students will read and interpret circle graphs and identify appropriate graphs given percent values.

#### Lesson 7: Solving Percent Problems

Students will find the percent of a number, the whole or the percent.

#### Lesson 8: Percent and Real-Life

Students will find price using sales tax and discounts.

#### Lesson 9: Problem Solving

Students will make predictions from data and solve multi-step problems.

#### Lesson 1: Using Tables of Equivalent Ratios to Solve Problems

Students will use a table of equivalent ratios to solve problems.

#### Lesson 2: Using a Table to Compare and Plot Ratios

Students will use a table to compare and plot ratios.

#### Lesson 3: Expressing Ratios and Solving for Wholes by Using Percents

Students will express ratios and solve for wholes by using percents.

#### Lesson 4: Using Ratio Reasoning to Convert Measurement Units

Students will use ratio reasoning to convert measurement units.

#### Lesson 1: Basic Geometry Definitions

Students will identify points, rays, lines, line segments and planes.

#### Lesson 2: Angles

Students will measure and classify angles, solve problems involving unknown angles, find the sum of angles in polygons and identify special angles.

#### Lesson 3: Classify Lines

Students will classify lines as parallel, perpendicular or skew.

#### Lesson 4: Classify Triangles

Students will identify similar triangles with proportions and classify by side or angle.

#### Lesson 5: Triangles

Students will find the missing measures using the Pythagorean Theorem.

#### Lesson 6: Classify Polygons

Students will identify name of shape by sides.

#### Lesson 7: 3-Dimensional Figures

Students will identify characteristics of three-dimensional figures using faces, edges and vertices and identify different views.

Students will classify quadrilaterals and find cross sections.

#### Lesson 9: Geometric Patterns

Students will find the missing term in a geometric pattern and use tessellations

#### Lesson 10: Similar, Congruent Figures, Lines of Symmetry

Students will apply concepts of congruency, similarity and symmetry.

#### Lesson 11: Transformations

Students will identify translations, rotations and reflections on a coordinate grid.

#### Lesson 12: Area

Students will estimate and find area of regular and irregular figures. Students will also compare diameter and radius.

#### Lesson 13: Finding Area by Composing and Decomposing Shapes

Students will find area by composing and decomposing shapes.

#### Lesson 14: Circumference

Students will find area and circumference of a circle.

#### Lesson 15: Proportional Change

Students will find missing sides with similar triangles.

#### Lesson 16: Surface Area

Students will find the surface area.

#### Lesson 17: Volume

Students will find volume of prisms, cubes and cylinders.

#### Lesson 18: Problem Solving

Students will use a formula to solve a problem and relate math ideas to other content areas in real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Identifying Parts of Algebraic Expressions

Students will identify parts of algebraic expressions.

#### Lesson 2: Writing and Evaluating Expressions

Students will write and evaluate expressions.

#### Lesson 3: Using the Distributive Property to Write Equivalent Expressions

Students will model and use the Distributive Property to write equivalent expressions.

#### Lesson 4: Identifying Equivalent Expressions

Students will identify equivalent expressions and explain why two expressions are equivalent.

#### Lesson 5: Practice Resource: Writing Algebraic Expressions With One Operation

Students will write expressions with one operation to represent real world situations.

#### Lesson 6: Writing Real-World Algebraic Expressions With Multiple Operations

Students will write expressions with more than one operation to represent real-world situations.

#### Lesson 1: Solving Real-World Equations

Students will solve real-world equations.

#### Lesson 2: Writing and Solving Real-World Equations

Students will write and solve equations to solve real-world problems.

#### Lesson 3: Writing Equations in Two Variables

Students will write equations in two variables.

#### Lesson 4: Writing Inequalities

Students will write inequalities to represent mathematical and real-world problems.

#### Lesson 5: Graphing Solutions of Inequalities

Students will represent solutions of inequalities on number lines.

#### Lesson 1: Functions

Students will identify function relationships and solve and interpret on graphs.

#### Lesson 2: Coordinate Graphing

Students will find the distance between two points and plot points on 4 quadrants.

#### Lesson 3: Problem Solving

Students will draw conclusions from data and justify why an answer is reasonable.

#### Lesson 4: Introduction to Probability

Students will determine possible outcomes and represent probability with ratios.

#### Lesson 5: Experimental and Theoretical Probability

Students will find the probability of an event.

#### Lesson 6: Compound Events

Students will compare events, compliments and list outcomes using theoretical probability.

#### Lesson 7: Dependent and Independent Events

Students will identify different between dependent and independent events.

#### Lesson 8: Combinations and Permutations

Students will find combinations and permutations.

#### Lesson 9: Problem Solving

Students will solve problems by writing and equation and simplifying algebraic expressions.

## 6th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Synonyms – 4 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing, in reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.

#### Lesson 2: Antonyms – 4 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite, in reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.

#### Lesson 3: Prefixes – 4 Activities

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 4: Suffixes – 4 Activities

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 5: Homophones – 4 Activities

The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.

#### Lesson 6: Idioms – 4 Activities

The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.

#### Lesson 7: Latin and Greek Roots – 4 Activities

The student will be able to identify and determine the meaning of unknown words, based on the understanding of Latin and Greek roots.

#### Lesson 1: Think Aloud Level 1 – 4 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with extensive scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 2: Think Aloud Level 2 – 3 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts. with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 3: Think Aloud Level 3 – 2 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying to independently read and comprehend texts with minimal think aloud support.

#### Lesson 1: Summarizing – 3 Activities

Develop summaries, paraphrase, or synthesize information from two or more literary or expository texts containing context clues.

#### Lesson 2: Plot, Character and Setting – 3 Activities

Analyze and explain the impact of characters and settings within the plot of literary text(s), and how these relationships affect the central conflict.

#### Lesson 3: Main Idea & Supporting Details – Non-Fiction – 3 Activities

Identify, summarize, or explain the main idea(s) using the supporting details in an expository text.

#### Lesson 4: Main Idea and Theme – Fiction – 3 Activities

Identify, summarize, or explain the main idea(s) or theme(s) using the supporting details and symbolism in a literary text.

#### Lesson 5: Fact and Opinion – 3 Activities

Distinguish between fact and opinion in an expository text or within news sources.

#### Lesson 6: Charts and Graphs – 3 Activities

Read, interpret and make predictions using charts, graphs, diagrams, maps or other graphic representations.

#### Lesson 7: Cause and Effect – 3 Activities

Identify and distinguish between cause and effect in expository and literary texts.

#### Lesson 8: Authors Purpose – 3 Activities

Identify and use knowledge of the author’s purpose by analyzing how the literary technique of mood contributes to the comprehension of a literary or expository text.

#### Lesson 9: Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions – 3 Activities

Use knowledge, information, and ideas from literary texts, expository texts, or from multiple sources to make inferences about the text(s) (e.g., make inferences, draw conclusions, make generalizations, infer sequence of events, and infer a character’s feelings.)

#### Lesson 10: Compare and Contras – 3 Activities

Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, point of view, and/or plot within varied genres that includes figurative language such as metaphors.

#### Lesson 1: State Simulation Test – 3 Activities

Students will demonstrate knowledge of comprehension skills on grade level appropriate literary and expository passages, with questions that simulate a high-stakes assessment.

#### Lesson 1: Before Reading – 2 Activities

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 1 Activity

AThe student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 3: After Reading – 7 Activities

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts – 2 Activities

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

#### Lesson 1: Before Reading – 2 Activities

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 2 Activities

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 3: After Reading – 7 Activities

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts – 2 Activities

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills.

#### Lesson 1: Before Reading – 2 Activities

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 2 Activities

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 3: After Reading – 7 Activities

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts – 2 Activities

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills.

#### Lesson 1: Before Reading – 2 Activities

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 2 Activities

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 3: After Reading – 7 Activities

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts – 2 Activities

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

#### Lesson 1: Before Reading – 2 Activities

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a poetry-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 1 Activity

The student will achieve comprehension by reading poetry with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the poems.

#### Lesson 3: After Reading – 7 Activities

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts – 2 Activities

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

## 6th Grade Science Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Nature of Science”

• Scientific Knowledge
• Scientific Inquiry
• Hypotheses, Theories, and Laws
• Measurement
• Analyzing Data

#### Chapter 2: “Living Things”

• Characteristics of Life
• Building Blocks of Life
• Introduction to Classification
• Classification of Living Things
• Dichotomous Keys
• Lab: Dichotomous Keys

#### Chapter 3: “Cell Biology”

• Cell Theory
• Cell Structure
• Animal and Plant Cells
• Lab: Exploring Cells
• Photosynthesis
• Cellular Respiration
• Cell Cycle
• Meiosis
• Asexual and Sexual Reproduction

#### Chapter 4: “Genetics”

• Genetic Code
• DNA Mutations
• Introduction to Heredity
• Predicting Heredity
• Inheritance Patterns
• Lab: Heredity and Punnett Squares

#### Chapter 5 “Evolution”

• The Theory of Evolution
• Natural Selection
• Lab: Natural Selection
• The Fossil Record
• Evidence for Evolution
• Evolutionary Relationships
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 6 “Graphing”

• Bacteria
• Protists
• Fungi
• Overview of Plants
• Seedless Plants
• Gymnosperms
• Angiosperms
• Lab: Flower Dissection

#### Chapter 7: “Animals”

• Sponges and Cnidarians
• Worms
• Mollusks and Echinoderms
• Arthropods
• Fish
• Amphibians and Reptiles
• Birds and Mammals
• Animal Behavior
• Lab: Earthworm Behavior

#### Chapter 8: “Human Biology”

• Body Organization and Homeostasis
• The Musculoskeletal and Integumentary Systems
• The Digestive and Excretory Systems
• The Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
• The Immune System
• The Nervous and Endocrine Systems
• The Reproductive Systems

#### Chapter 9: “Ecology”

• Living Things and the Environment
• Populations
• Interactions among Living Things
• Energy Flow in Ecosystems
• Lab: Owl Pellets
• Cycles of Matter
• Biomes

#### Chapter 10: “Environmental Changes”

• Succession
• Lab: Ecological Succession
• Natural Environmental Change
• Human Impact on the Environment
• Biodiversity
• Cumulative Exam

## 6th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Era: The Beginnings of Human Society”

• Studying History
• Studying Geography
• The First People
• The Beginnings of Human Migration
• The Beginnings of Agriculture

#### Chapter 2: “Era: Early Civilizations”

• Geography of the Fertile Crescent
• The Rise of Sumer
• Sumerian Achievements
• Later Societies of the Fertile Crescent
• The First Israelites
• The Kingdom of Israel
• The Growth of Judaism
• Geography of the Nile
• Ancient Rules of Egypt
• Egyptian Religion
• Ancient Egyptian Culture
• The Cultures of Nubia
• Geography and Early India
• Origins of Hinduism
• Origins of Buddhism
• Indian Empires
• Indian Achievements
• The Geography of China’s River Valleys
• Confucius and His Teachings
• Warring Kingdoms Unite
• Significant Achievements of Ancient Chinese Culture

#### Chapter 3: “Era: New Empires”

• The Early Greeks
• Sparta and Athens
• Persian Attacks on the Greeks
• The Age of Pericles
• Ancient Grecian Culture
• Greek Philosophy and History
• Alexander the Great
• The Spread of Greek Culture
• Daily Roman Life
• The Byzantine Empire
• Rome’s Beginnings
• The Roman Republic
• The Fall of the Republic
• The Fall of Rome
• The Early Empire
• Early Christians
• The Christian Church
• The Spread of the Christian Faith
• The Roots of Islam
• Islamic Beliefs and Practices
• Islamic Empires
• Cultural Achievements
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 4: “Era: Regional Civilizations”

• The Rise of African Civilizations
• Africa’s Government and Religion
• African Society and Culture
• Early Americans
• Life in the Americas
• The Crumbling of the Aztec and Inca Empires
• China Reunifies
• The Achievements of Tang and Song
• Confucianism and the Government
• The Yuan and Ming Dynasties
• The Great Mughal Empire in India
• Early Japan
• Shoguns and Samurai
• Life in Medieval Japan

#### Chapter 5 “Era: The Age of Encounter”

• Europe after the Fall of Rome
• Geography of Europe
• Feudalism and Manor Life
• Feudal Societies
• Popes and Kings
• Christianity and Medieval Society
• Political and Social Change
• Challenges to Church Authority
• The Renaissance Begins
• New Ideas and Art
• The Reformation Begins
• Catholics and Protestants
• European Exploration
• Europeans in India and Southeast Asia
• Europe Explores East Asia
• Conquest in the Americas
• Colonies in Central and South America
• Colonies in North America
• Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
• The Increase of Spanish Power
• France’s Power Peaks
• Monarchies in Russia, Prussia, and Austria
• Limited Monarchy in England

#### Chapter 6 “Era: An Age of Revolutions”

• The Age of Exploration
• The Scientific Revolution
• Early Enlightenment
• The American Revolution
• The French Revolution and Napoleon’s Leadership
• The Industrial Revolution
• Society and Industry
• Nationalism and Expansion in Europe
• Imperialism in Africa and the Middle East
• Imperialism in Asia and Latin America

#### Chapter 7: “The Modern World”

• New Imperialism
• Nationalism in China and Japan
• World War I Begins
• World War I Changes the World
• The Rise of Dictators
• World War II Begins
• The Victory of the Allies
• The Cold War
• The End of Empire
• North America and Europe
• Latin America
• Asia
• Africa and the Middle East
• The World in a New Century
• Cumulative Exam

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