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6th Grade Scope and Sequence

6th Grade Scope and Sequence
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The 6th grade scope and sequence of a curriculum lists out all the topics and concepts that are going to be taught throughout the length of a particular course.

Aside from the outline of what your child will be learning, the 6th grade scope and sequence provides the order in which things will be taught and may also include lesson objectives. This helps you plan your homeschool year as it lays out the material in chronological order and gives you the opportunity to preview the year ahead.

Time4Learning members have access to the 6th grade scope and sequence for math, language arts, science and social studies. This page provides an overview of what you can expect your child to learn with our award-winning curriculum.

6th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

Students will use Roman and Greek numerals.
Students will find equivalent forms for whole numbers.
Students will compare and order whole numbers up to one trillion.
Students will round whole numbers up to one trillion.
Students will estimate whole numbers when solving problems.
Students will add and subtract whole numbers up to one trillion.
Students will multiply and divide whole numbers up to four digits.
Students will divide whole numbers with the dividend being no larger than five digits and the divisor being no more than three digits.
Students will use the standard algorithm to divide 4-digit dividends by 2-digit divisors.
Students will apply strategies in order to solve real-life problems.
Students will evaluate expressions using exponents and square roots.
Students will apply the order of operations in order to solve problems.
Students will use variables in order to simplify expressions.
Students will apply properties of addition and multiplication when solving problems.
Students will identify patterns, arithmetic and geometric sequences.
Students will solve one-step equations using only whole numbers.
Students will find the perimeter of given shapes.
Students will identify the area of a given shape.
Students will use choose the method for computation and use models and concrete objects to solve real-life problems.
Students will identify decimal place value and write the number in standard, written and expanded form.
Students will compare and order decimals including using a number line.
Students will round and estimate decimals in performing all four operations.
Students will add and subtract decimals using money.
Students will multiply and round decimals.
Students will divide by whole numbers and decimals.
Students will compare rational numbers using scientific notation.
Students will solve one-step equations with decimals using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.
Students will use the guess and check and reasonableness strategies in order to solve real-life problems.
Students will identify pictorial and numerical representations of fractions and mixed numbers.
Students will find the lowest common multiple of more than two numbers.
Students will find the least common denominator for two or more fractions.
Students will divisibility rules for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 and 10 for sets of numbers.
Students will solve problems using prime factorization.
Students will find the factors of whole numbers by listing factors and using prime factorization.
Students will simplify fractions with prime factorization and greatest common factor. Students will also show division remainders as simplified fractions.
Students will find equivalent fractions by finding the missing variable and applying concepts used to find equivalent fractions for improper fractions and mixed numbers.
Students will find equivalent forms for decimals and fraction including repeating decimals.
Students will compare and order fractions including using a number line.
Students will round fractions to the nearest half number and estimate sums, differences, products and quotients.
Students will add and subtract fractions with like denominators.
Students will add fractions and mixed numbers with unlike denominators.
Students will subtract fractions and mixed numbers with unlike denominators.
Students will multiply fractions and mixed numbers.
Students will divide fractions and mixed numbers.
Students will divide whole numbers by fractions.
Students will divide fractions by fractions.
Students will solve one-step equations using fractions and all four operations.
Students will identify the opposite of a number and the opposite of the opposite of a number.
Students will use positive and negative numbers to represent quantities in the real world.
Students will find rational numbers on a number line.
Students will work to understand absolute value.
Students will compare absolute values of rational numbers.
Students will use integers to describe real-life situations and show them on a number line.
Students will compare integers and rational numbers.
Students will compare rational numbers that represent real-world situations.
Students will add and subtract using integers.
Students will multiply and divide using integers.
Students will solve one step equations with integers including fractions and decimals.
Students will use deductive or inductive reasoning, process of elimination or work backwards to solve real-life problems.
Students will select appropriate representation and present data while justifying their choice.
Students will use frequency tables and identify appropriate intervals.
Students will use Venn Diagrams, stem-and-leaf plots and line plots.
Students will use bar graphs and histograms to answer questions.
Students will read and interpret line graphs, double line graphs and line plots.
Students will create double bar and line graphs.
Students will locate and plot points on a coordinate graph using ordered pairs.
Students will identify outliers, range, mean, median and mode.
Students will work with fair surveys.
Students will read and interpret stem and leaf plots.
Students will read, interpret and create box and whisker graphs.
Students will make a table, an organized list, draw a picture or use logic to solve problems.
Students will recognize when ordered pairs are reflected over one or both axes.
Students will find and position pairs of rational numbers on a coordinate plane.
Students will graph points to solve problems.
Students will identify the property tool and perform conversions using the metric system.
Students will use correct tools and perform conversions using the customary system of measurement.
Students will find the approximate measurement to the nearest unit and use reasonableness to determine the best unit for measurement.
Students will estimate and find measures of time and elapsed time as well as customary and metric temperature.
Students will find area and perimeter of quadrilaterals.
Students will communicate the process for solving problems, describe the steps and solve a simpler problem in real-life problems.
Students will solve proportions and ratios as decimals and percents.
Students will set up proportions and solve unit rates and problems using geometric pictures.
Students will solve problems with rates and simple interest.
Students will understand unit rates and to use diagrams to find unit rates.
Students will show equivalent forms of percents in fractions and decimals and solve problems that are greater than 100%.
Students will read and interpret circle graphs and identify appropriate graphs given percent values.
Students will find the percent of a number, the whole or the percent.
Students will find price using sales tax and discounts.
Students will make predictions from data and solve multi-step problems.
Students will use a table of equivalent ratios to solve problems.
Students will use a table to compare and plot ratios.
Students will express ratios and solve for wholes by using percents.
Students will use ratio reasoning to convert measurement units.
Students will identify points, rays, lines, line segments and planes.
Students will measure and classify angles, solve problems involving unknown angles, find the sum of angles in polygons and identify special angles.
Students will classify lines as parallel, perpendicular or skew.
Students will identify similar triangles with proportions and classify by side or angle.
Students will find the missing measures using the Pythagorean Theorem.
Students will identify name of shape by sides.
Students will identify characteristics of three-dimensional figures using faces, edges and vertices and identify different views.
Students will classify quadrilaterals and find cross sections.
Students will find the missing term in a geometric pattern and use tessellations
Students will apply concepts of congruency, similarity and symmetry.
Students will identify translations, rotations and reflections on a coordinate grid.
Students will estimate and find area of regular and irregular figures. Students will also compare diameter and radius.
Students will find area by composing and decomposing shapes.
Students will find area and circumference of a circle.
Students will find missing sides with similar triangles.
Students will find the surface area.
Students will find volume of prisms, cubes and cylinders.
Students will use a formula to solve a problem and relate math ideas to other content areas in real-life problems.
Students will identify parts of algebraic expressions.
Students will write and evaluate expressions.
Students will model and use the Distributive Property to write equivalent expressions.
Students will identify equivalent expressions and explain why two expressions are equivalent.
Students will write expressions with one operation to represent real world situations.
Students will write expressions with more than one operation to represent real-world situations.
Students will solve real-world equations.
Students will write and solve equations to solve real-world problems.
Students will write equations in two variables.
Students will write inequalities to represent mathematical and real-world problems.
Students will represent solutions of inequalities on number lines.
Students will identify function relationships and solve and interpret on graphs.
Students will find the distance between two points and plot points on 4 quadrants.
Students will draw conclusions from data and justify why an answer is reasonable.
Students will determine possible outcomes and represent probability with ratios.
Students will find the probability of an event.
Students will compare events, compliments and list outcomes using theoretical probability.
Students will identify different between dependent and independent events.
Students will find combinations and permutations.
Students will solve problems by writing and equation and simplifying algebraic expressions.

6th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing, in reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite, in reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.
The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.
The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.
The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.
The student will be able to identify and determine the meaning of unknown words, based on the understanding of Latin and Greek roots.
Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with extensive scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.
Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts. with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.
Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying to independently read and comprehend texts with minimal think aloud support.
Develop summaries, paraphrase, or synthesize information from two or more literary or expository texts containing context clues.
Analyze and explain the impact of characters and settings within the plot of literary text(s), and how these relationships affect the central conflict.
Identify, summarize, or explain the main idea(s) using the supporting details in an expository text.
Identify, summarize, or explain the main idea(s) or theme(s) using the supporting details and symbolism in a literary text.
Distinguish between fact and opinion in an expository text or within news sources.
Read, interpret and make predictions using charts, graphs, diagrams, maps or other graphic representations.
Identify and distinguish between cause and effect in expository and literary texts.
Identify and use knowledge of the author’s purpose by analyzing how the literary technique of mood contributes to the comprehension of a literary or expository text.
Use knowledge, information, and ideas from literary texts, expository texts, or from multiple sources to make inferences about the text(s) (e.g., make inferences, draw conclusions, make generalizations, infer sequence of events, and infer a character’s feelings.)
Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, point of view, and/or plot within varied genres that includes figurative language such as metaphors.
Students will demonstrate knowledge of comprehension skills on grade level appropriate literary and expository passages, with questions that simulate a high-stakes assessment.
The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.
AThe student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.
The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.
Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.
The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.
The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.
The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.
Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills.
The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.
The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.
The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.
Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills.
The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.
The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.
The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.
Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.
The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a poetry-based glossary.
The student will achieve comprehension by reading poetry with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the poems.
The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts. Student will monitor his or her own comprehension and act purposefully when comprehension breaks down using strategies. Student will write for different purposes and write a variety of compositions based on practical and literary prompts and complete a research-writing project.
Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

6th Grade Science Scope & Sequence

  • Scientific Knowledge
  • Scientific Inquiry
  • Hypotheses, Theories, and Laws
  • Measurement
  • Analyzing Data
  • Characteristics of Life
  • Building Blocks of Life
  • Introduction to Classification
  • Classification of Living Things
  • Dichotomous Keys
  • Lab: Dichotomous Keys
  • Cell Theory
  • Cell Structure
  • Animal and Plant Cells
  • Lab: Exploring Cells
  • Photosynthesis
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Cell Cycle
  • Meiosis
  • Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
  • Genetic Code
  • DNA Mutations
  • Introduction to Heredity
  • Predicting Heredity
  • Inheritance Patterns
  • Lab: Heredity and Punnett Squares
  • Advances in Genetics
  • The Theory of Evolution
  • Natural Selection
  • Lab: Natural Selection
  • The Fossil Record
  • Evidence for Evolution
  • Evolutionary Relationships
  • Cumulative Exam
  • Bacteria
  • Protists
  • Fungi
  • Overview of Plants
  • Seedless Plants
  • Gymnosperms
  • Angiosperms
  • Lab: Flower Dissection
  • Sponges and Cnidarians
  • Worms
  • Mollusks and Echinoderms
  • Arthropods
  • Fish
  • Amphibians and Reptiles
  • Birds and Mammals
  • Animal Behavior
  • Lab: Earthworm Behavior
  • Body Organization and Homeostasis
  • The Musculoskeletal and Integumentary Systems
  • The Digestive and Excretory Systems
  • The Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
  • The Immune System
  • The Nervous and Endocrine Systems
  • The Reproductive Systems
  • Living Things and the Environment
  • Populations
  • Interactions among Living Things
  • Energy Flow in Ecosystems
  • Lab: Owl Pellets
  • Cycles of Matter
  • Biomes
  • Succession
  • Lab: Ecological Succession
  • Natural Environmental Change
  • Human Impact on the Environment
  • Biodiversity
  • Cumulative Exam

6th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

  • Studying History
  • Studying Geography
  • The First People
  • The Beginnings of Human Migration
  • The Beginnings of Agriculture
  • Geography of the Fertile Crescent
  • The Rise of Sumer
  • Sumerian Achievements
  • Later Societies of the Fertile Crescent
  • The First Israelites
  • The Kingdom of Israel
  • The Growth of Judaism
  • Geography of the Nile
  • Ancient Rules of Egypt
  • Egyptian Religion
  • Ancient Egyptian Culture
  • The Cultures of Nubia
  • Geography and Early India
  • Origins of Hinduism
  • Origins of Buddhism
  • Indian Empires
  • Indian Achievements
  • The Geography of China’s River Valleys
  • Confucius and His Teachings
  • Warring Kingdoms Unite
  • Significant Achievements of Ancient Chinese Culture
  • The Early Greeks
  • Sparta and Athens
  • Persian Attacks on the Greeks
  • The Age of Pericles
  • Ancient Grecian Culture
  • Greek Philosophy and History
  • Alexander the Great
  • The Spread of Greek Culture
  • Daily Roman Life
  • The Byzantine Empire
  • Rome’s Beginnings
  • The Roman Republic
  • The Fall of the Republic
  • The Fall of Rome
  • The Early Empire
  • Early Christians
  • The Christian Church
  • The Spread of the Christian Faith
  • The Roots of Islam
  • Islamic Beliefs and Practices
  • Islamic Empires
  • Cultural Achievements
  • Cumulative Exam
  • The Rise of African Civilizations
  • Africa’s Government and Religion
  • African Society and Culture
  • Early Americans
  • Life in the Americas
  • The Crumbling of the Aztec and Inca Empires
  • China Reunifies
  • The Achievements of Tang and Song
  • Confucianism and the Government
  • The Yuan and Ming Dynasties
  • The Great Mughal Empire in India
  • Early Japan
  • Shoguns and Samurai
  • Life in Medieval Japan
  • Europe after the Fall of Rome
  • Geography of Europe
  • Feudalism and Manor Life
  • Feudal Societies
  • Popes and Kings
  • The Crusades
  • Christianity and Medieval Society
  • Political and Social Change
  • Challenges to Church Authority
  • The Renaissance Begins
  • New Ideas and Art
  • The Reformation Begins
  • Catholics and Protestants
  • European Exploration
  • Europeans in India and Southeast Asia
  • Europe Explores East Asia
  • Conquest in the Americas
  • Colonies in Central and South America
  • Colonies in North America
  • Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
  • The Increase of Spanish Power
  • France’s Power Peaks
  • Monarchies in Russia, Prussia, and Austria
  • Limited Monarchy in England
  • The Age of Exploration
  • The Scientific Revolution
  • Early Enlightenment
  • The American Revolution
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon’s Leadership
  • The Industrial Revolution
  • Society and Industry
  • Nationalism and Expansion in Europe
  • Imperialism in Africa and the Middle East
  • Imperialism in Asia and Latin America
  • New Imperialism
  • Nationalism in China and Japan
  • World War I Begins
  • World War I Changes the World
  • The Rise of Dictators
  • World War II Begins
  • The Victory of the Allies
  • The Cold War
  • The End of Empire
  • North America and Europe
  • Latin America
  • Asia
  • Africa and the Middle East
  • The World in a New Century
  • Cumulative Exam

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