# 4th Grade Scope and Sequence

When homeschooling your 4th grader (or any grade for that matter), it is incredibly helpful to have a guide of all topics you’ll be covering by subject and the sequence you need to follow. Time4Learning provides a detailed scope and sequence for 4th grade for math, science, language arts and social studies.

Each lesson contains a brief description, number of activities and is laid in chronological order, chapter by chapter. Just click on the links below to view each one:

## 4th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

Convert numbers containing two to nine digits from standard form to expanded form and vice versa.

Write numbers up to nine digits using oral cues and written cues.

Order numbers up to nine digits and compare numbers using the symbols , and =.

Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand.

Add whole numbers (4-digits, up to 3 numbers).

Subtract 4-digit numbers with multiple zeros.

Estimate sums and differences using rounding and compatible numbers.

Define multiples, and list multiples of a given number. Identify common multiples of two given numbers.

Multiplication will be used to solve problems.

Interpret a multiplication equation.

Multiply 1-digit numbers with 2-digit and 3-digit numbers. Use partial products and mental multiplication as strategies.

Multiply 2-digit numbers with 2 and 3-digit numbers.

Multiply multiple factors.

Identify factors of a given number and common factors of two given numbers.

Find whole-number quotients and remainders with one-digit divisors. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, standard algorithms, and models

Divide two-digit dividends by one-digit divisors, with and without remainders.

Find whole-number quotients and remainders with one-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division.

Divide dividends up to four-digits by one-digit with and without remainders (include quotients with 0’s).

Solve one-step and two-step word problems in which remainders must be interpreted.

Division will be used to compare.

Solve two-digit division problems with and without remainders.

Apply understanding of place value when solving problems involving multiplication by 10 or 100 and division by 10 or a multiple of 10.

Find the average of a set of numbers.

Match parts of a set and parts of a whole with equivalent fractions with denominators up to 12.

Identify improper fractions, and convert between improper fractions and mixed numbers.

Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100.

Recognize equivalent fractions. Reduce fractions to lowest terms.

Simplify improper fractions to whole numbers using models.

Explore fractions that simplify to whole numbers.

Explore fractions that simplify to whole numbers.

Order fractions with like and unlike denominators 1 through 12 and compare fractions using the symbols , and =.

Learn how adding fractions is joining parts related to the same whole, and how subtracting fractions is separating parts related to the same whole.

Solve word problems involving addition of fractions with like denominators by using fraction models and equations.

Solve word problems involving subtraction of fractions with like denominators by using fraction models and equations.

Decompose a fraction into a sum of fractions with the same denominator in more than one way using a visual fraction model.

Decompose an improper fraction into a sum of fractions with the same denominator in more than one way and record each decomposition with an equation.

Add and subtract fractions with like denominators.

Add and subtract mixed numbers with like denominators.

Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators up to 12.

Add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100.

Add a unit fraction multiple times.

Recognize multiples of a fraction.

Multiply a fraction by a whole number using visual models and equations.

Solve word problems involving multiplication of a fraction by a whole number by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem.

Order decimals and compare the values of two decimals using the signs , and = up to the thousandths place.

Read and write decimals as fractions.

Add and subtract decimals through thousandths.

Count and exchange money in amounts up to $100.00. Solve problems that require making change in amounts up to $100.00.

Solve addition and subtraction problems involving money.

Solve multiplication and division problems involving money.

Identify and apply pattern rules using sequences of related numbers (arithmetic, geometric sequence).

Apply the appropriate rule to complete a chart including input/output tables. Solve problems associated with a given relationship using a table of values.

Represent written relationships as expressions and use a variable to represent an unknown quantity in an expression.

Explore the idea of a variable by solving for an unknown quantity in an equation. Example: 3 + a = 7.

Use the Commutative and Associative Properties of Addition and Multiplication to find equivalent expressions or equations containing an unknown quantity.

Define, name, and identify points, lines, line segments, rays and angles.

Identify and classify angles as right, obtuse, or acute.

Understand that an angle is made up of a series of one-degree turns.

Understand how to sketch angles of specified measure using a protractor.

Understand how to measure acute angles using a protractor.

Understand how to measure obtuse angles using a protractor.

Identify polygons, regular polygons, and non-polygons and their attributes.(sides, angles, and vertices) Classify polygons into subsets.

Classify two-dimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines, or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size.

Classify triangles according to angle size (right, acute, obtuse) and side lengths (equilateral, isosceles, scalene).

Identify the radius and diameter of a circle, and calculate one when given the other.

Identify the attributes of solid figures such as cubes, prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, and spheres. (edges, vertices, and faces) Identify and create two-dimensional representation of a three-dime.

Plot a point given an ordered pair or write the ordered pair of a point shown on a coordinate grid.(1st quadrant only)

After being given the distance and navigational directions from the initial point within the first quadrant, write the ordered pair of the final point.

Given a plane figure, identify the similar or congruent figure.

Apply a translation, a reflection, or a rotation to a plane figure. Predict the result. Identify the image of a plane figure as a translation, a reflection, or a rotation.

Classify plane figures as having line symmetry, point symmetry, both, or none.

Tell and show time to the 5 and 1 minute intervals.

Find elapsed time using days and weeks.

Interpret time schedules using minutes, hours, days, and weeks.

Define units of length. (inch, foot, yard, mile) Estimate and compare length. Measure to the nearest quarter-inch.

Convert measurements of length to new units.

After being given navigational directions from the initial point, identify the ordered pair of the final point.

Define units of capacity. (cup, pint, quart, gallon) Estimate and compare capacity.

Convert measurements of capacity to new units.

Define units of weight (ounce, pound, ton). Estimate and compare weight.

Convert measurements of weight to new units.

Read thermometer to nearest 2-degree interval. Compute change in temperature.

Define units of length (centimeter, decimeter, meter). Estimate and compare length. Measure to the nearest centimeter.

Convert measurements of length to new units.

Define units of capacity (milliliter, liter). Estimate and compare capacity.

Convert measurements of capacity to new units.

Define units of mass. (gram, kilogram) Estimate and compare mass.

Convert measurements of mass to new units.

Read thermometer to nearest 2-degree interval. Compute change in temperature.

Find perimeter by counting units and by adding lengths. Measure to find the perimeter. Select appropriate label for measurement.

Find area by counting units. Multiply to find area. Select appropriate labels of measurement.

Compare perimeter and area.

Find volume by counting units. Multiply to find volume. Select appropriate labels of measurement.

Display and interpret data in frequency and cumulative frequency tables, compare data, and draw conclusions.

Display and interpret data in bar and double bar graphs, compare data, and draw conclusions.

Display and interpret data in line and stem-and-leaf plots, compare data, and draw conclusions.

Display and interpret data in a line graph, compare data, and draw conclusions.

Identify the mean, median, mode, and range from a set of data or a graph.

Determine certainty, likelihood, and fairness of events.

Determine and list the possible combinations of an event.

Calculate probability as a fraction.

## 4th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing.

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite.

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.

The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.

The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with extensive scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying to independently read and comprehend texts with minimal think aloud support.

Use knowledge, information, and ideas from literary or expository texts to make inferences about the text (e.g., make inferences, draw conclusions, make generalizations, and infer sequence of events.)

Identify the main idea(s) or theme(s), distinguishing them/it from supporting details in a literary text.

Make a summary or paraphrase information from literary or expository text.

Identify plot by using story elements including the main problem and solution.

Identify the main idea(s) using the supporting details in an expository text.

Students will understand the similarities and differences between firsthand accounts and secondhand accounts of an event. They will apply these skills when reading two authentic nonfiction texts.

Students will understand the similarities and differences between firsthand accounts and secondhand accounts. They will apply these skills when reading two authentic nonfiction texts.

Identify and use knowledge of the author’s purpose to comprehend the writing of a literary or expository text.

Read, interpret, and make predictions using charts, graphs, diagrams, maps or other graphic representations.

Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, information and/or plot within a text or between two or more genre sources (literary or expository), that includes figurative language such as similes.

Identify literary or expository text that is organized in sequential/chronological order using words (first, next, last, then, finally, etc.) or phrases (to begin with, in addition to, etc.) to signal

Distinguish between fact and opinion in an expository text.

Identify and distinguish between cause and effect in expository and literary texts.

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing two authentic nonfiction articles.

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing an authentic nonfiction article.

Students will learn how to integrate information from two sources and will apply these skills using two authentic nonfiction texts.

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading poetry with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic poetry is included.

## 4th Grade Science Scope & Sequence

Energy & Transformations focuses on the transfer, storage and transformation of energy through collisions.

Waves focuses on the movement of energy (light, sound, heat) and the ways we have developed to communicate using waves.

Structure & Function of Plants focuses on plant structures, including cells, roots, leaves, stems, fruits, flowers and seeds. Students also learn the function that plants serve in providing food for all living things through photosynthesis.

Structure & Behavior of Animals focuses on the idea that all animals are made up of internal and external structures that help them survive and meet their needs.

Geological Changes Over Time focuses on the slow changes that have happened on our planet over millions of years and the evidence that is left behind in the form of rocks and fossils.

Earth’s Features & Change focuses on the patterns that can be seen in Earth’s features and how weathering, erosion and deposition can make quick or slow changes to the features of Earth.

## 4th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

Identify basic human needs.

Explain how basic needs of food, clothing and shelter can be met.

Use maps to locate states, the United States, continents and oceans.

Recognize that maps are utilized to provide directions as well as location.

The learner will recognize symbols on a simple map.

Locate places using cardinal and intermediate directions.

Identifies selected important buildings, statues and monuments associated with national history, for example, Capitol building, White House, Statue of Liberty, the United States flag and the Liberty Bell.

The learner will explain the purpose of , and the people and events honored in commemorative, patriotic holidays such as President’s Day, Veteran’s Day, Independence Day, Columbus Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, and Thanksgiving.

The learner will explain the purpose of various holidays celebrated by different cultures within the United States, such as, Cinco de Mayo and Kwanza.

The learner will know the Pledge of Allegiance and songs that express American ideas (e.g., My Country ””Tis of Thee and The Star Spangled Banner.