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1st Grade Scope and Sequence

1st Grade Scope and Sequence
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The Time4Learning first grade scope and sequence provides detailed information on all the topics and concepts that students are going to be taught in math, language arts, and science.

This will help families gain an understanding of what their children will be learning, the order in which concepts are taught, and learning objectives throughout each subject. The 1st grade scope and sequence is laid out in chronological order, chapter by chapter, and also includes lesson descriptions and the number of activities per lesson.

This page provides an overview of what you can expect your child to learn with our award-winning curriculum for first grade.

1st Grade Math Scope & Sequence

Read whole numbers up to 100. Use one-to-one correspondence to count objects up to 100.
Compare and order whole numbers up to 100 by understanding the concepts of greater than, less than, and equality.
Match ordinal numbers with an ordered set of up to ten items. Identify first, second, and third by name.
Count forward and backward by ones and count forward by tens from any number less than 100.
Identify the place value of a digit in whole numbers to 100. Identify the value of digits up to the hundreds place.
Group objects by tens and ones. Compare and order whole numbers up to 100 using place value.
Count forward by twos and fives up to 50.
Model and identify even and odd numbers.

Chapter Test: Number Sense

Identify equal and unequal parts of wholes.
Identify and demonstrate fractions (1/2, 1/4) as parts of whole and parts of a set using concrete materials and drawings.
Identify and demonstrate thirds and 1/3 of wholes using concrete materials and objects.
Identify equivalent fractional parts as a whole.

Chapter Test: Fractions

Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of addition and subtraction by using language such as put together, take away, increase, decrease, compare, and find the difference. Relate informal language to mathematical language and symbols.
When given any number up to 100, identify one more than, one less than, 10 more than, and 10 less than.
Using diagrams and/or numerical expressions, represent equivalent forms of the same number up to 12.
Solve one-digit addition problems.
Solve one-digit subtraction problems.
Find the sum of three one-digit numbers.
Solve two-digit addition problems.
Explain the meaning of zero and its function as a placeholder. Explore adding and subtracting zero.
Solve for basic addition and subtraction facts by using strategies such as counting on, counting back, doubling, doubling plus one, and making ten.
Solve addition and subtraction one-digit word problems by selecting the proper operation.
Choose an appropriate method, such as using concrete materials, mental math, or paper and pencil to solve real-world addition and subtraction problems.
Use the appropriate language of estimation such as about, near, closer to, and between to identify and describe numbers in real-world situations.
Estimate reasonable answers to compare amounts, count objects, and solve basic facts.

Chapter Test: Operations

Identify and name the values of coins (penny, nickel, dime) and show different combinations of coins that equal the same value, up to 75¢. Recognize and use the cents sign.
Identify and count money to equal an amount using the fewest coins.
Identify and count money to equal an amount using the fewest coins.
Solve simple addition and subtraction problems involving the use of pennies, nickels, and dimes up to 50¢.

Chapter Test: Money

Sort and classify objects by one attribute.
Sort and classify objects by two or more attributes.
Justify rules for sorting and classifying.
Use one attribute to create a pattern. Identify errors in repeating patterns.
Classify, describe, and extend patterns of objects using a wide variety of attributes (i.e., size, shape, color).
Predict and extend pictorial patterns. Identify and generate patterns in number pairs by adding to a T-chart.
Explore and create repeating patterns and growing patterns and generate rule for such patterns.
Explore patterns of numbers on a hundreds chart.
Use patterns to skip count by 2s, 5s, and 10s to 100. Understand and identify odd and even numbers.
Predict and extend existing numerical patterns using addition.

Chapter Test: Patterns

Use the Commutative Property of Addition in solving problems.
Using objects and pictures, model situations that involve the addition and subtraction of whole numbers.
Identify fact families by understanding the patterns in related addition and subtraction sentences.
Using objects, create models that represent a variety of number sentences including the missing addend.
Use concrete objects and pictorial representations to explore equalities and inequalities.
Use concrete objects to solve number sentences with equalities and inequalities using the symbols <, =, >.
Solve addition and subtraction problems with an unknown number represented by a geometric shape.

Chapter Test: Algebra

Compare plane figures based on their straight and curved lines.
Identify open and closed figures.
Identify circles, triangles, and rectangles (including squares), and describe the shape of balls, boxes, cans, and cones. Sort shapes by attributes (sides, curves, corners).
Recognize plane shapes such as hexagons, trapezoids, and rhombi.
Describe and compare attributes (sides, vertices, angles) of two-dimensional shapes.
Recognize solid shapes such as spheres, cylinders, cones, and cubes.
Describe and compare attributes (edges, vertices, faces) of three-dimensional shapes.
Identify congruent two- and three-dimensional shapes.

Chapter Test: Shapes

Describe relative positions of objects or shapes using words such as top, middle, on, inside, and outside.
Interpret directional words such as left, right, up, and down.
Identify, locate, and move objects according to positional words such as to the left, above, and behind.
Locate, plot, and identify known and unknown numbers on a number line from 0 to 20 by ones and from 1 to 100 by tens.

Chapter Test: Positions

Identify slides and turns with objects.
Identify matching pairs of congruent figures that have been turned or flipped.
Identify lines of symmetry in two-dimensional shapes.

Chapter Test: Using Shapes

Create two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes using other shapes (e.g., two squares make a rectangle).
Recognize two- and three-dimensional shapes from various perspectives.
Compare perimeter and area of two-dimensional shapes in terms of less than, equal to, or greater than.
Recognize geometric shapes in the environment.
Use pattern blocks to form shapes. Identify combined shapes in nature, art, and architecture.

Chapter Test: Spatial Sense

Identify the names of the week and months of the year using a calendar.
Identify the keywords that name the passage of time such as yesterday, afternoon, night, and day.
Identify tools for measuring time such as clocks and calendars and name parts of each tool.
Tell time on analog and digital clocks to hour and half hour, and relate time events using shorter/longer.
Tell time on analog and digital clocks to hour and half hour, and relate time events using shorter/longer.
Solve simple real-world problems involving elapsed time to the hour and half hour and minutes.

Chapter Test: Time

Use nonstandard units to estimate and measure lengths.
Compare the length of two or more objects by using direct comparison or by using nonstandard units.
Use customary units to measure, compare, and order objects according to lengths, in inches and feet.
Choose the appropriate unit and tool to measure length.
Use metric units to measure, compare, and order objects according to lengths.

Chapter Test: Length

Use nonstandard units to estimate and measure weights.
Compare the weight of two or more objects by using direct comparison or by using nonstandard units.
Compare the weight of two or more objects using customary units and identify the tools for measuring weight.
Use metric units to measure, compare, and order objects according to weights.

Chapter Test: Weight

Use nonstandard units to estimate and measure capacity.
Compare the capacity of two or more containers using direct comparison.
Compare the capacity (in cups, pints, and quarts) of two or more containers. Identify the tools for measuring capacity.
Use metric units to measure, compare, and order objects according to capacity.

Chapter Test: Capacity

Using a Fahrenheit thermometer, tell temperature to the nearest 10 degrees. Match temperature in degrees Fahrenheit to the feeling outside of a warm or cold day.
Compare temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit of two or more objects. Identify tools for measuring temperature.

Chapter Test: Temperature

Sort objects into categories and create a tally table.
Organize and record data in pictographs.
Organize and record data in bar graphs.

Chapter Test: Graphing

Interpret data and explore range and mode in simple graphs.
Use data to make predictions about events or situations.

Chapter Test: Using Data

Identify whether an event is certain, possible, or impossible.
Identify the likelihood of a given event.

Chapter Test: Probability

1st Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters m, r, h, s, d, t and their sounds and the letter a and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters p, z, k, the letter combination qu and their sounds, and the letter i and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the letters v, j, w, n, y and their sounds, and the letter e and its short sound. The student will also demonstrate knowledge of three high frequency words. This is accomplished through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, high frequency, and reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.
Recognize likenesses and differences between pairs of items.
Sort objects by appearance (e.g., color, size, and shape). Recognize items that are the same and different. Extend and identify a repeating pattern.
Sort representations of living things by appearance. Create items with given attributes. Recognize one-to-one correspondence.
Align sorted objects to determine whether a one-to-one match exists. Determine which set has more or fewer members when a one-to-one match does not exist. Create and interpret picture-graph displays.
Copy, continue, and complete patterns involving two attributes.

Chapter Test: under the Sea

Use positional words to describe vertical and horizontal relationships. Recognize that more than one term may be appropriately used to describe a positional relationship. Create a positional relationship by following directions.
Use positional words to direct investigations that occur in different locations. Use positional words to describe locations.
Recognize that vertical and horizontal relationships are often determined by point of view. Recognize that individual items may each appear different from different perspectives.
Investigate the features of a circle, triangle, square, and rectangle, and identify their presence in contextual settings. Identify likenesses and differences between pairs of shapes. Construct shapes.
Analyze, compare, create, and compose two- and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts, and other attributes.
Construct and/or complete simple scenes formed with plane figures. Construct, complete, and describe patterns formed with plane figures.

Chapter Test: Playtime in the Park

Recognize that objects can be counted and represented by numerals. Recognize that cardinal numbers represent a quantity (numbers 1-5). Read and represent numbers 1-5. Recognize that different arrangements represent the same quantity (numbers 1-5).
Compare groups to determine more/greater/less/fewer. Use one-to-one correspondence when comparing sets. Recognize the concept of zero as representing an empty set. Construct and interpret picture graphs.
Recognize that objects can be counted and represented by numerals (0-20). Recognize that cardinal numbers represent a quantity (numbers 0-20). Read, write, and represent numbers 0-20. Recognize that different arrangements represent the same quantity (numbers 0-20).
Use one-to-one correspondence to represent and compare quantities of 0-10. Use tally charts and picture graphs to represent 0-10. Recognize sequence of numbers on a number line. Describe position in a sequence of whole numbers on a number line up to 10.
Recognize that larger numbers are formed from combinations of smaller numbers. Explore addition models. Recognize that smaller numbers are formed by taking apart sets. Informally explore subtraction models.

Chapter Test: Let’s Go On a Safari

Use a calendar as a tool to identify months, days, and dates. Use a calendar as a tool to identify today, yesterday, and tomorrow. Identify parts of a day (morning, afternoon, evening). Use an analog clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Use a digital clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Order events in a sequence. Identify temperature using a thermometer.
Identify penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Identify value of penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Combine coins to make values up to 10 cents.
Compare the length of objects. Identify and correct common errors in linear measurement. Estimate and measure length using nonstandard units. Measure length using standard units.
Separate items into equal parts through an active comparison of their length. Informally explore commonly used fractional parts of a whole (fourths, thirds, halves).
Compare the weight of objects. Compare the capacity of objects. Recognize tools of measurement. Informally explore the concept of area.
Use a calendar as a tool to identify months, days, and dates. Use a calendar as a tool to identify today, yesterday, and tomorrow. Identify parts of a day (morning, afternoon, evening). Use an analog clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Use a digital clock to identify time to the nearest hour. Order events in a sequence. Identify temperature using a thermometer. Identify penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Identify value of penny, nickel, dime, quarter. Combine coins to make values up to ten cents. Compare the length of objects. Identify and correct common errors in linear measurement. Estimate and measure length using nonstandard units. Measure length using standard units. Separate items into equal parts through an active comparison of their length. Informally explore commonly used fractional parts of a whole (quarters, thirds, halves). Compare the weight of objects. Compare the capacity of objects. Recognize tools of measurement. Informally explore the concept of area.

Chapter Test: What’s Cooking?

Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by sequencing events from a story and by associating concepts of taller and shorter with their meanings.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters l and n and their sounds.
Through a series of phonological and phonemic awareness activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the sound of the letters m, d, s, p, l, n and the short sounds of the letters a and i.
Through a series of phonics activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters m, d, s, p, l, n and their sounds and the letters a and i and their short sounds. Select Type Learning Paths Description.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will gain a deep understanding of the words “practice” and “cool”, learn about nuances in word meaning, and demonstrate comprehension by answering questions about reading for a purpose and by discriminating patterns.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters t and h and their sounds.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by matching pictures with sentences and by associating familiar words (in and out) with their meanings.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter o and its short sound and the letter b and its sound.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by recalling details and matching pictures with the correct verb tense.
Through a series of phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter e and its short sound and the letter r and its sound.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will gain an understanding of nuances in word meaning and demonstrate comprehension by matching pictures with sentences and by grouping objects according to their function.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters k and f and their sounds.
Through a series of phonemic awareness activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the sounds of the letters t, h, f, r, k, b, d and the short sounds of the letters o, a, e, and i.
Through a series of phonics activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters t, h, f, r, k, b, d and their sounds and the letters o, a, e, i and their short sounds.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will gain a deep understanding of the word “help”, learn about nuances in word meaning, and demonstrate comprehension by recalling details and identifying the picture that corresponds to the correct noun form.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter g and its hard sound and the letter u and its short sound.
Through a series of connected activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will gain a deep understanding of the word “ingredients”, the multiple meanings of “change”, and learn about nuances in word meaning. In addition, the student will demonstrate comprehension by sequencing events from a story and by associating familiar words (before, after) with their meanings.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter c and its hard sound and the letter w and its sound.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and learn a reading strategy. The student will also demonstrate comprehension by distinguishing between fantasy and reality and by identifying and sorting common words into basic categories (colors, shapes, foods).
Through a series of phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letter y and its consonant sound and the letter combination qu and its sound.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will develop fluency and reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by drawing conclusions and identifying common synonyms.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters v and x and their sounds.
Through a series of pre-reading, reading, and comprehension activities that incorporate discovery learning and direct teaching, the student will learn new vocabulary, develop fluency, and develop reading comprehension skills. The student will demonstrate comprehension by sequencing events from a story and identifying nouns.
Through a series of phonemic awareness, phonics, reading, and prewriting activities that incorporate discovery, recognition, and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters z and j and their sounds.
Through a series of phonological and phonemic awareness activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters c, z, v, w, j, g, x, y and their sounds, the letters i, a, u, o and their short sounds, and the letter combination qu and its sound.
Through a series of phonics activities that incorporate recognition and application, the student will demonstrate understanding of the letters c, z, v, w, j, g, x, y and their sounds, the letter combination qu and its sound, and the letters i, a, u, o and their short sounds.

1st Grade Science Scope & Sequence

Tools are used to collect information. Some tools, like rulers, are used to measure or to find out how big something is. Other tools, like hand lenses, are used to observe and study things carefully. This module introduces students to the different types of tools used in science and how they help us study the world around us.
Tools are used to collect information. Some tools, like rulers, are used to measure or to find out how big something is. Other tools, like hand lenses, are used to observe and study things carefully. This module introduces students to the different types of tools used in science and how they help us study the world around us.
Everything around us is made up of something, often a collection of different things. This module guides students as they begin to identify the different materials everyday objects are made of–specifically wood, plastic, metal and cloth–and how mixtures can be made by combining different objects and materials.
Light energy is energy that can be seen and used to see the matter around us. It can be man-made or natural, like the light from the sun. In this module students are introduced to the characteristics and properties of light energy, its uses, and various sources of man-made and natural light.
Sound energy is energy that can be heard, but only when matter is present to carry the vibration. This module introduces students to the properties and characteristics of sound energy, how it is generated, and why sounds are different.
Magnets of all shapes, sizes and strength are used every day – holding up art projects on the fridge, sorting debris in landfills, and keeping high fashion jewelry fastened. In this module students explore the characteristics of magnets and the different materials they attract.
Giant redwood trees, soft green blades of grass, bright tulips blooming in spring — plants are living things. This module introduces students to the world of plants as they discover that the needs of plants are much like their own needs.
Whether rainy, sunny, cloudy, or windy, the weather describes what it’s like outside every day. Knowing the patterns of weather can help you to be prepared. In this module students explore the different types of weather and the tools needed to observe, measure and record it.

Additional 1st Grade Homeschool Resources

PreK - 8th

$19.95
  • / Month
  • ($14.95/mo. for Each Additional Student)

9th - 12th

$30.00
  • (Monthly, Per Student)
  • INCLUDES 4 COURSES

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