During the kindergarten reading program children learn about letters, words, and sounds. They apply this knowledge to read simple sentences.
During the kindergarten reading program children learn basic reading skills such as to identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book. They are taught to follow words from left to right and from top to bottom on the printed page. Through guided reading experiences they learn that printed materials provide information.
The reading teacher shows them that sentences in print are made up of separate words.Kindergarten reading program students learn to distinguish letters from words.
Phonemic Awareness for Young Readers
Phonemic awareness is an important part of the kindergarten reading program. At this reading level children learn to track, meaning that they move sequentially from sound to sound. They match oral words to printed words and during guided reading, the reading teacher will ask children to identify the author and title of each reading selection. Children are asked to classify reading level appropriate categories of words (for example, colors, foods, animals).
Phonics are a major part of the kindergarten reading program. Reading skill develops as children learn to decode elements of words. Language arts lesson plans introduce initial, medial, and final sounds in single-syllable words; creating and stating a series of rhyming words, including consonant blends. Kindergarten reading program students learn to add, delete, or change target sounds in order to change words. For example, they learn the can change met to get or cat to sat. Children also learn to blend two to four phonemes into recognizable words, for example, /b/ i/ g/ = big and /k/ i/ t/ e/ = kite. The reading teacher also show kindergarten students how to segment single-syllable words into their components, for example, /d/ o/ g/ = dog and /r/ i/ ch/ = rich.
Learning the kindergarten reading level skill of tracking also helps children learn to represent the number, sameness or difference, and order of two and three isolated phonemes, for example, /f, s, th/ or /j, d, j/. Kindergarten children also develop basic reading skill by learning how letters represent changes in simple syllables and words with two and three sounds as one sound is added, substituted, omitted, shifted, or repeated. With the guidance of the reading teacher children learn to blend vowel-consonant sounds orally to make words or syllables, and to identify and produce rhyming words in response to an oral prompt. Language arts lesson plans are developed to help kindergarten reading program students distinguish orally stated one-syllable words and separate words into beginning or ending sounds. They learn to track words in a sentence auditorily and to distinguish each syllable in a word, counting the number of sounds in syllables and syllables in words.
Sounding Out and Word Recognition
During kindergarten, the reading teacher shows children how to match consonants and short vowel sounds to the correct letters. At this reading level children read simple one-syllable words and high-frequency sight words. They are taught, during the kindergarten reading program, that as letters of words change, so do the sounds. They also complete language arts lesson plans teaching them to identify and sort common words into basic categories such as colors, shapes, or animals.
Kindergarten Reading Program and Curriculum Standards: Reading Comprehension
Language Arts Lesson Plans, Guided Reading, Building Reading Skill: Kindergarten reading program students are asked to describe common objects and events in both general and specific language. They are expected, after guided reading lessons, to identify basic facts and ideas in what they have read, heard, or viewed. Comprehension strategies are introduced to encourage kindergarten reading level students to generate and respond to questions and compare new information to what they already know. The children are taught to locate the title, table of contents, the name of a book’s author, and the name of the illustrator.
A kindergarten reading program uses guided reading to help children understand reading level appropriate literature. Language arts lesson plans test comprehension by asking children to make predictions about story content using pictures and context as clues. The reading teacher exposes kindergarten reading program children to stories based on well-known characters, themes, plots, and settings, thus encouraging the formation of elementary reading skill during language arts lessons. During guided reading, children are encouraged to connection information and events in text to their own life experiences.
Kindergarten Reading Program and Curriculum Standards: Literary Response
Language Arts Lesson Plans, Guided Reading, Building Reading Skill: During the kindergarten reading program, the reading teacher asks children to listen and respond to stories based on well-known characters, themes, plots, and settings. Language arts lesson plans encourage children to retell familiar stories and guide them to ask and answer questions about essential elements of stories. As a demonstration of their reading skill, kindergarten reading program students identify characters, settings, and important events. The reading teacher asks students to distinguish fantasy from realistic text and to identify types of everyday print materials such as storybooks, poems, newspapers, signs, and labels
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*Reading Standards are defined by each state. Time4Learning bases its use of kindergarten reading standards on the national bodies that recommend curriculum and standards and the interpretations of it by a sampling of states notably Florida, Texas, and California.