# 4th Grade Scope and Sequence

When homeschooling your 4th grader (or any grade for that matter), it is incredibly helpful to have a guide of all topics you’ll be covering by subject and the sequence you need to follow. Time4Learning provides a detailed scope and sequence for 4th grade for math, science, language arts and social studies.

Each lesson contains a brief description, number of activities and is laid in chronological order, chapter by chapter. Just click on the links below to view each one:

## 4th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Standard and Expanded Form

Convert numbers containing two to nine digits from standard form to expanded form and vice versa.

#### Lesson 2: Write Numbers

Write numbers up to nine digits using oral cues and written cues.

#### Lesson 3: Order and Compare Numbers

Order numbers up to nine digits and compare numbers using the symbols , and =.

#### Lesson 4: Rounding Numbers

Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand.

#### Lesson 1: Add Whole Numbers

Add whole numbers (4-digits, up to 3 numbers).

#### Lesson 2: Subtract Whole Numbers

Subtract 4-digit numbers with multiple zeros.

#### Lesson 3: Estimate Sums and Differences

Estimate sums and differences using rounding and compatible numbers.

#### Lesson 1: Multiples and Common Multiples

Define multiples, and list multiples of a given number. Identify common multiples of two given numbers.

#### Lesson 2: Using Multiplication to Solve Problems

Multiplication will be used to solve problems.

#### Lesson 3: Multiplication Equations

Interpret a multiplication equation.

#### Lesson 4: Partial Products

Multiply 1-digit numbers with 2-digit and 3-digit numbers. Use partial products and mental multiplication as strategies.

#### Lesson 5: Multiply Large Numbers

Multiply 2-digit numbers with 2 and 3-digit numbers.

#### Lesson 6: Multiple Factors

Multiply multiple factors.

#### Lesson 7: Factors and Common Factors

Identify factors of a given number and common factors of two given numbers.

#### Lesson 8: Meaning of Division

Find whole-number quotients and remainders with one-digit divisors. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, standard algorithms, and models

#### Lesson 9: Divide 2-digits by 1-digit

Divide two-digit dividends by one-digit divisors, with and without remainders.

#### Lesson 10: Strategies for Dividing

Find whole-number quotients and remainders with one-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division.

#### Lesson 11: Dividing with 1-digit Divisors

Divide dividends up to four-digits by one-digit with and without remainders (include quotients with 0’s).

#### Lesson 12: Dividing with Remainders

Solve one-step and two-step word problems in which remainders must be interpreted.

#### Lesson 13: Using Division to Compare

Division will be used to compare.

#### Lesson 14: Dividing with 2-digit Divisors

Solve two-digit division problems with and without remainders.

#### Lesson 15: Dividing by 10 and 100

Apply understanding of place value when solving problems involving multiplication by 10 or 100 and division by 10 or a multiple of 10.

#### Lesson 16: Average

Find the average of a set of numbers.

#### Lesson 1: Parts of a Set or a Whole

Match parts of a set and parts of a whole with equivalent fractions with denominators up to 12.

#### Lesson 2: Improper Fractions

Identify improper fractions, and convert between improper fractions and mixed numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Equivalent Tenths and Hundredths

Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100.

#### Lesson 4: Equivalent Fractions

Recognize equivalent fractions. Reduce fractions to lowest terms.

#### Lesson 5: Simplifying Fractions to Whole Numbers

Simplify improper fractions to whole numbers using models.

#### Lesson 6: Fractions of Whole Numbers

Explore fractions that simplify to whole numbers.

#### Lesson 7: Fractions of Whole Numbers

Explore fractions that simplify to whole numbers.

#### Lesson 8: Compare and Order Fractions

Order fractions with like and unlike denominators 1 through 12 and compare fractions using the symbols , and =.

#### Lesson 9: Join and Separate Fractions

Learn how adding fractions is joining parts related to the same whole, and how subtracting fractions is separating parts related to the same whole.

#### Lesson 10: Add Fractions with Like Denominators

Solve word problems involving addition of fractions with like denominators by using fraction models and equations.

#### Lesson 11: Subtract Fractions with Like Denominators

Solve word problems involving subtraction of fractions with like denominators by using fraction models and equations.

#### Lesson 12: Decomposing Fractions

Decompose a fraction into a sum of fractions with the same denominator in more than one way using a visual fraction model.

#### Lesson 13: Decomposing Improper Fractions

Decompose an improper fraction into a sum of fractions with the same denominator in more than one way and record each decomposition with an equation.

#### Lesson 14: Add and Subtract Fractions

Add and subtract fractions with like denominators.

#### Lesson 15: Add and Subtract Mixed Numbers

Add and subtract mixed numbers with like denominators.

#### Lesson 16: Add/Subtract Unlike Fractions

Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators up to 12.

#### Lesson 17: Add Tenths and Hundredths

Add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100.

#### Lesson 18: Add Unit Fractions Multiple Times

Add a unit fraction multiple times.

#### Lesson 19: Fraction Multiples

Recognize multiples of a fraction.

#### Lesson 20: Multiply a Fraction by a Whole Number

Multiply a fraction by a whole number using visual models and equations.

#### Lesson 21: Multiply Fractions

Solve word problems involving multiplication of a fraction by a whole number by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem.

#### Lesson 22: Compare and Order Decimals

Order decimals and compare the values of two decimals using the signs , and = up to the thousandths place.

#### Lesson 23: Decimals as Fractions

Read and write decimals as fractions.

#### Lesson 24: Add and Subtract Decimals

Add and subtract decimals through thousandths.

#### Lesson 1: Count Money and Make Change

Count and exchange money in amounts up to \$100.00. Solve problems that require making change in amounts up to \$100.00.

#### Lesson 2: Add and Subtract Money

Solve addition and subtraction problems involving money.

#### Lesson 3: Multiply and Divide Money

Solve multiplication and division problems involving money.

#### Lesson 1: Numeric Patterns

Identify and apply pattern rules using sequences of related numbers (arithmetic, geometric sequence).

#### Lesson 2: Apply Function Rules

Apply the appropriate rule to complete a chart including input/output tables. Solve problems associated with a given relationship using a table of values.

#### Lesson 1: Expressions

Represent written relationships as expressions and use a variable to represent an unknown quantity in an expression.

#### Lesson 2: Equations

Explore the idea of a variable by solving for an unknown quantity in an equation. Example: 3 + a = 7.

#### Lesson 3: Properties

Use the Commutative and Associative Properties of Addition and Multiplication to find equivalent expressions or equations containing an unknown quantity.

#### Lesson 1: Points, Lines, Segments, Rays

Define, name, and identify points, lines, line segments, rays and angles.

#### Lesson 2: Identify and Classify Angles

Identify and classify angles as right, obtuse, or acute.

#### Lesson 3: Exploring Angles

Understand that an angle is made up of a series of one-degree turns.

#### Lesson 4: Drawing Angles

Understand how to sketch angles of specified measure using a protractor.

#### Lesson 5: Measuring Acute Angles

Understand how to measure acute angles using a protractor.

#### Lesson 6: Measuring Obtuse Angles

Understand how to measure obtuse angles using a protractor.

#### Lesson 7: Attributes of Polygons

Identify polygons, regular polygons, and non-polygons and their attributes.(sides, angles, and vertices) Classify polygons into subsets.

#### Lesson 8: Lines and Angles Found in Shapes

Classify two-dimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines, or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size.

#### Lesson 9: Attributes of Triangles

Classify triangles according to angle size (right, acute, obtuse) and side lengths (equilateral, isosceles, scalene).

#### Lesson 10: Attributes of Circles

Identify the radius and diameter of a circle, and calculate one when given the other.

#### Lesson 11: Attributes of Solids

Identify the attributes of solid figures such as cubes, prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, and spheres. (edges, vertices, and faces) Identify and create two-dimensional representation of a three-dime.

#### Lesson 1: Ordered Pairs

Plot a point given an ordered pair or write the ordered pair of a point shown on a coordinate grid.(1st quadrant only)

#### Lesson 2: Distance and Directions

After being given the distance and navigational directions from the initial point within the first quadrant, write the ordered pair of the final point.

#### Lesson 1: Similar and Congruent Figures

Given a plane figure, identify the similar or congruent figure.

#### Lesson 2: Transformations

Apply a translation, a reflection, or a rotation to a plane figure. Predict the result. Identify the image of a plane figure as a translation, a reflection, or a rotation.

#### Lesson 3: Symmetry

Classify plane figures as having line symmetry, point symmetry, both, or none.

#### Lesson 1: Telling Time

Tell and show time to the 5 and 1 minute intervals.

#### Lesson 2: Elapsed Time

Find elapsed time using days and weeks.

#### Lesson 3: Time Schedules

Interpret time schedules using minutes, hours, days, and weeks.

#### Lesson 1: Customary Units of Length

Define units of length. (inch, foot, yard, mile) Estimate and compare length. Measure to the nearest quarter-inch.

#### Lesson 2: Converting Customary Measurements of Length

Convert measurements of length to new units.

#### Lesson 3: Follow Directions on a Grid

After being given navigational directions from the initial point, identify the ordered pair of the final point.

#### Lesson 4: Customary Units of Capacity

Define units of capacity. (cup, pint, quart, gallon) Estimate and compare capacity.

#### Lesson 5: Converting Customary Units of Capacity

Convert measurements of capacity to new units.

#### Lesson 6: Customary Units of Weight

Define units of weight (ounce, pound, ton). Estimate and compare weight.

#### Lesson 7: Converting Customary Units of Weight

Convert measurements of weight to new units.

#### Lesson 8: Temperature

Read thermometer to nearest 2-degree interval. Compute change in temperature.

#### Lesson 1: Metric Units of Length

Define units of length (centimeter, decimeter, meter). Estimate and compare length. Measure to the nearest centimeter.

#### Lesson 2: Converting Metric Units of Length

Convert measurements of length to new units.

#### Lesson 3: Metric Units of Capacity

Define units of capacity (milliliter, liter). Estimate and compare capacity.

#### Lesson 4: Converting Metric Units of Capacity

Convert measurements of capacity to new units.

#### Lesson 5: Estimating and Comparing Mass

Define units of mass. (gram, kilogram) Estimate and compare mass.

#### Lesson 6: Converting Mass

Convert measurements of mass to new units.

#### Lesson 7: Temperature

Read thermometer to nearest 2-degree interval. Compute change in temperature.

#### Lesson 1: Perimeter

Find perimeter by counting units and by adding lengths. Measure to find the perimeter. Select appropriate label for measurement.

#### Lesson 2: Area

Find area by counting units. Multiply to find area. Select appropriate labels of measurement.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing Perimeter and Area

Compare perimeter and area.

#### Lesson 4: Volume

Find volume by counting units. Multiply to find volume. Select appropriate labels of measurement.

#### Lesson 1: Frequency Tables

Display and interpret data in frequency and cumulative frequency tables, compare data, and draw conclusions.

#### Lesson 2: Bar Graphs

Display and interpret data in bar and double bar graphs, compare data, and draw conclusions.

#### Lesson 3: Line and Stem-and-Leaf Plots

Display and interpret data in line and stem-and-leaf plots, compare data, and draw conclusions.

#### Lesson 4: Line Graphs

Display and interpret data in a line graph, compare data, and draw conclusions.

#### Lesson 5: Mean, Median, Mode, and Range

Identify the mean, median, mode, and range from a set of data or a graph.

#### Lesson 1: Certainty and Likelihood

Determine certainty, likelihood, and fairness of events.

#### Lesson 2: Possible Combinations

Determine and list the possible combinations of an event.

#### Lesson 3: Calculate Probability

Calculate probability as a fraction.

#### Lesson 1: Solving Multi-Step Word Problems

Solve multistep word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers.

## 4th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Synonyms – 4 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing.

#### Lesson 2: Antonyms – 4 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite.

#### Lesson 3: Prefixes – 4 Activities

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 4: Suffixes – 4 Activities

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 5: Homophones – 4 Activities

The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.

#### Lesson 6: Idioms – 5 Activities

The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.

#### Lesson 1: Think Aloud Level 1 – 4 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with extensive scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 2: Think Aloud Level 2 – 3 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 3: Think Aloud Level 3 – 2 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying to independently read and comprehend texts with minimal think aloud support.

#### Lesson 1: Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions – 7 Activities

Use knowledge, information, and ideas from literary or expository texts to make inferences about the text (e.g., make inferences, draw conclusions, make generalizations, and infer sequence of events.)

#### Lesson 2: Main Idea and Theme: Fiction – 4 Activities

Identify the main idea(s) or theme(s), distinguishing them/it from supporting details in a literary text.

#### Lesson 3: Summarizing – 3 Activities

Make a summary or paraphrase information from literary or expository text.

#### Lesson 4: Plot – 3 Activities

Identify plot by using story elements including the main problem and solution.

#### Lesson 1: Main Idea and Supporting Details: Nonfiction – 4 Activities

Identify the main idea(s) using the supporting details in an expository text.

#### Lesson 2: Comparing Different Accounts (A) – 3 Activities

Students will understand the similarities and differences between firsthand accounts and secondhand accounts of an event. They will apply these skills when reading two authentic nonfiction texts.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing Different Accounts (B) – 3 Activities

Students will understand the similarities and differences between firsthand accounts and secondhand accounts. They will apply these skills when reading two authentic nonfiction texts.

#### Lesson 4: Comparing Different Accounts (C) – 2 Activities

Students will understand the similarities and differences between firsthand accounts and secondhand accounts of an event. They will apply these skills when reading two authentic nonfiction texts.

#### Lesson 5: Author’s Purpose – 3 Activities

Identify and use knowledge of the author’s purpose to comprehend the writing of a literary or expository text.

#### Lesson 6: Charts and Graphs – 4 Activities

Read, interpret, and make predictions using charts, graphs, diagrams, maps or other graphic representations.

#### Lesson 7: Compare and Contrast – 3 Activities

Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, information and/or plot within a text or between two or more genre sources (literary or expository), that includes figurative language such as similes.

#### Lesson 8: Sequential Order – 3 Activities

Identify literary or expository text that is organized in sequential/chronological order using words (first, next, last, then, finally, etc.) or phrases (to begin with, in addition to, etc.) to signal

#### Lesson 9: Fact and Opinion – 3 Activities

Distinguish between fact and opinion in an expository text.

#### Lesson 10: Cause and Effect – 3 Activities

Identify and distinguish between cause and effect in expository and literary texts.

#### Lesson 11: Evidence & Academic Language (A) – 5 Activities

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing two authentic nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 12: Evidence & Academic Language (B) – 5 Activities

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing an authentic nonfiction article.

#### Lesson 13: Evidence & Academic Language (C) – 5 Activities

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing an authentic nonfiction article.

#### Lesson 14: Integrating Information – 3 Activities

Students will learn how to integrate information from two sources and will apply these skills using two authentic nonfiction texts.

#### Lesson 1: State Simulation Test – 3 Activities

Students will demonstrate knowledge of comprehension skills on grade-level appropriate literary and expository passages, with questions that simulate a high-stakes assessment.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 4 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading poetry with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic poetry is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

## 4th Grade Science Scope & Sequence

#### Think Like a Scientist

Think Like a Scientist focuses students on how scientists think, encouraging them to ask questions, investigate, and communicate, and highlighting the ways science has changed our world.

#### Engineering Design

Engineering Design focuses on the engineering design process, including the purpose for engineering, testing a prototype, and how some failed designs were turned into successful technology.

#### Energy & Transformations

Energy & Transformations focuses on the transfer, storage and transformation of energy through collisions.

#### Waves

Waves focuses on the movement of energy (light, sound, heat) and the ways we have developed to communicate using waves.

#### Structure & Function of Plants

Structure & Function of Plants focuses on plant structures, including cells, roots, leaves, stems, fruits, flowers and seeds. Students also learn the function that plants serve in providing food for all living things through photosynthesis.

#### Structure & Behavior of Animals

Structure & Behavior of Animals focuses on the idea that all animals are made up of internal and external structures that help them survive and meet their needs.

#### Geological Changes Over Time

Geological Changes Over Time focuses on the slow changes that have happened on our planet over millions of years and the evidence that is left behind in the form of rocks and fossils.

#### Earth’s Features and Change

Earth’s Features & Change focuses on the patterns that can be seen in Earth’s features and how weathering, erosion and deposition can make quick or slow changes to the features of Earth.

## 4th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Human Needs – 2 Activities

Identify basic human needs.

#### Lesson 2: How Basic Needs Are Met – 2 Activities

Explain how basic needs of food, clothing and shelter can be met.

#### Lesson 1: Map Skills – 2 Activities

Use maps to locate states, the United States, continents and oceans.

#### Lesson 2: Maps & Globes – 2 Activities

Recognize that maps are utilized to provide directions as well as location.

#### Lesson 3: Recognizing Map Symbols – 1 Activity

The learner will recognize symbols on a simple map.

#### Lesson 4: Cardinal Directions – 2 Activities

Locate places using cardinal and intermediate directions.

#### Lesson 1: Historic Places – 2 Activities

Identifies selected important buildings, statues and monuments associated with national history, for example, Capitol building, White House, Statue of Liberty, the United States flag and the Liberty Bell.

#### Lesson 2: National Holidays – 2 Activities

The learner will explain the purpose of , and the people and events honored in commemorative, patriotic holidays such as President’s Day, Veteran’s Day, Independence Day, Columbus Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, and Thanksgiving.

#### Lesson 3: Cultural Holidays – 3 Activities

The learner will explain the purpose of various holidays celebrated by different cultures within the United States, such as, Cinco de Mayo and Kwanza.

#### Lesson 4: Patriotic Expressions – 2 Activities

The learner will know the Pledge of Allegiance and songs that express American ideas (e.g., My Country ””Tis of Thee and The Star Spangled Banner.

#### Lesson 1: Types of Jobs – 3 Activities

Identify jobs in the home, school and community, describe the requirements of various jobs and cite examples of characteristics of doing a job well performed.

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