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Fourth Grade Math Activities & Curriculum Standards

Fourth Grade Math Activities & Curriculum Standards
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Fourth grade math curriculum should rely on many learning tools – lessons with interactive activities, printable worksheets, reinforcement exercises, assessments and math strands.

The major math strands for a fourth grade curriculum are number theory and systems, algebraic thinking, geometrical figures and objects, measurement of length, weight, capacity, time, and temperature, and data analysis and probability. While these math strands might surprise you, they cover the basics of what a fourth grader should learn in math.

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Fourth Grade Math – What are the Standards and Curriculum?

Time4Learning teaches a comprehensive fourth grade math curriculum using fun activities to build a solid math foundation in the following five major math strands:

Number Theory and Operations

In fourth grade math, students will be expected to:

  • Convert numbers containing up to 9 digits to expanded form
  • Order numbers up to nine digits and compare numbers using the symbols , and =
  • Round numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand

Basic arithmetic is an important skill for fourth grade math. The children will learn to:

  • Add and subtract whole numbers containing three 4-digit numbers
  • Interpret both multiplication and division equations
  • Identify factors and common factors

Fourth grade math students will be learning about fractions and decimals including:

  • Identify improper and equivalent fractions and simplifying them to whole numbers
  • Add and subtract fractions with like and unlike denominators
  • Solving word problems involving fractions

Fourth grade math students will be learning about monetary value including:

  • Count and exchange money in amounts up to $100
  • Solve addition and subtraction problems involving money
  • Solve multiplication and division and subtraction problems involving money

Algebraic Thinking

Children in fourth grade math will explore, represent, and solve numeric expressions. They will:

  • Represent written relationships as expressions and use a variable to represent an unknown quantity in an expression
  • Explore the idea of a variable by solving for an unknown quantity in an equation
  • Solve for an unknown quantity in an equation
  • Use the Commutative and Associative Properties of Addition and Multiplication to find equivalent expressions

Geometry and Spatial Sense

  • Determine first and last point points after solving within the first quadrant
  • Plot a point given an ordered pair or write the ordered pair of a point shown on a coordinate grid
  • Apply a translation, a reflection, or a rotation to a plane figure and predict the results
  • Classify plane figures as having line symmetry, point symmetry, both, or none


During fourth grade math, children will show a basic understanding of measuring lengths, weights, capacity and time by selecting appropriate units to use for measurement. Student will also learn about both the metric and customary system by:

  • Interpret time schedules using minutes, hours, days, and weeks
  • Defining units of length, capacity, weight, and temperature and how to convert the measurements based on the customary or metric system
  • Find perimeter, area, and volume and compare

*Math Standards are defined by each state. Time4Learning bases its use of standards on the national bodies that recommend curriculum and standards and the interpretations of it by a sampling of states notably Florida, Texas, and California.

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Data Analysis and Probability

Fourth grade math students will be able to make predictions about events or situations. They will also:

  • Display and interpret data in frequency and cumulative frequency tables, compare data, and draw conclusions
  • Display and interpret data in bar and double bar graphs, line graphs, and stem-and-leaf-plots
  • Identify the mean, median, mode, and range from a set of data or a graph

Fourth Grade Math Curriculum and Standards Summary

Fourth grade math lessons and activities that cover just one or two of these five strands are narrow and lead to a weak understanding of math.

But with Time4Learning’s comprehensive math program, children are placed in the sequence based on their current skills. Math becomes fun! Parents can participate and watch how new concepts are introduced progressively and mastered through practice. Time4MathFacts, included in the curriculum, provides practice in foundational math skills that is necessary for success. Help your child excel in math and start learning today. Want to know more? Try the demo math lessons.

Additional Resources Related to Fourth Grade Math

If you’re interested in the fourth grade math lesson plans, you might also be interested in:

Online Curriculum for Homeschool, Afterschool and Summer Use

If you are just learning about Time4Learning, we’d suggest second looking at our interactive lesson demos.

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