A first grade math curriculum should be taught using first grade lessons including interactive activities, learning games, printable worksheets, assessments, and reinforcement. Manipulatives are very important for first grade math lessons. First grade math curriculum should rely on many learning tools – first grade lessons with activities, worksheets, reinforcement exercises, and assessments. And a first grade math curriculum should cover all the math strands, not just arithmetic. The major math strands for first grade curriculum are number sense and operations, algebra, geometry and spatial sense, measurement, and data analysis and probability. While these math strands might surprise you, they are all critical lessons for a first grade math curriculum.
First grade math lessons, worksheets, and activities teach first grade math curriculum covering all the math strands. In basic arithmetic, the first grade students learn numbers to 100. In kindergarten math they learned number facts to 10, but were trained to count to 100. In advancing to first grade math they will add and subtract numbers to 100. First grade math will include learning more about geometrical figures and objects, measurement of length, weight, capacity, time, and temperature, use of money, graphs and charts used for data analysis and prediction, and algebraic patterns.
First Grade Math – What are the Standards and Curriculum?
Time4Learning teaches a comprehensive first grade math curriculum using fun, first grade math activities to build a solid math foundation. Help your child excel in math, learn more about Time4Learning’s first grade math lessons, curriculum, activities and worksheets.
First Grade Math Curriculum and Standards – Lessons, Activities, Worksheets – Number Sense and Operations
During first grade, math students will be expected to read and write numerals to 100, to count objects to 100 or more, to compare and order whole numbers to 100 or more using a variety of methods including usage of the symbols <, =, and >, and the vocabulary of less than, equal to, and more than. They will learn to apply these lessons to real-life scenarios. First grade math students will learn ordinal numbers from 1st to 10th or higher.
Counting is an important skill for a first grade math student. The children will learn to count orally to 100 by 2s, 5s, and 10s with or without a hundred chart. They will learn to count forward or backward by 1s beginning with any number less than 100. Using a hundred chart they will learn to count forward by 10s starting at any number less than 10.
First grade math students will be learning about place value. They will know the place value of any digit in a whole number less than 100. They will learn about place value patterns and about how zero is a place holder for expressing place value.
During this year, first grade math students will be learning addition and subtraction. The children will demonstrate that they know addition means putting together, and subtraction means taking away. They will solve basic addition facts using concrete objects and thinking strategies such as ‘count on’, ‘count back’, ‘doubles’, ‘doubles plus one’, and ‘make ten’. They will learn about the commutative and associative properties of addition and learn fact families up to 18. Using concrete materials such as coins, diagrams, and number expressions, first grade math students will show equivalent forms of the same number.
First grade math includes addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers without regrouping, up to 100, using models and algorithms. Students will be expected to solve simple number problems by selecting the proper operation and to describe their thinking when solving number problems. They will write number sentences associated with addition and subtraction and learn to use a calculator to solve problems. They will learn about estimation, using it to compare quantities and find reasonable answers to math problems. They will also be taught about simple fractions, learning that equivalent fraction parts make a whole.
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First Grade Math Curriculum and Standards – Lessons, Activities, Worksheets – Measurement
During first grade math studies children will show a basic understanding of measuring lengths, weights, and capacity by selecting appropriate units to use for measurement. They will use standard and non-standard units to measure, compare, and order objects according to their lengths and weights.
First grade math students will also study time, temperature, and money. They will show they understand these concepts by use of digital and analog clocks, calendars, and thermometers. Children studying first grade math will learn and compare money values including the quarter (25 cents), half-dollar (50 cents), and dollar (100 cents).
More on 1st grade math standards.
*Math Standards are defined by each state. Time4Learning bases its use of standards on the national bodies that recommend curriculum and standards and the interpretations of it by a sampling of states notably Florida, Texas, and California.
With Time4Learning, math lessons are taught by engaging characters in colorful, fun activities.
First graders learn about “parts of a whole” from Sally and Pong in “The Art of Fractions” lesson.
Additional Resources Related to First Grade Math
If you’re interested in the first grade math lesson plans, you might also be interested in:
Lesson plans for other grade levels of math curriculum:
Lesson plans for other first grade subjects:
- First Grade Curriculum Overview
- First grade language arts lesson plans
- First grade spelling lists
- First grade writing standards
Wondering how many lessons to have your child do each day? Our lesson planning worksheet can help you estimate.