# Fifth Grade Math Curriculum – Standards, Lessons, Activities, Printable Worksheets

During fifth grade, math students master the concepts and mechanics of multiplication and division including the commutative, associative and distributive properties. They are expected to learn to factor and recognize prime numbers to 100 and recognize squares. Fifth grade math students are taught to find factors of numbers including the rules of divisibility and to determine if they are prime or composite. They express whole numbers as products of prime factors and determine the greatest common factor or the least common multiple of two numbers up to 100 or more. In fifth grade they multiply by powers of 10, demonstrating patterns. They identify and apply rules of divisibility for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 10, and use models to identify perfect squares to 144.

This guide to a fifth grade math curriculum is a reference tool for Time4Learning parents. Time4Learning is an online learning system for homeschool education, enrichment, tutoring, or for sharpening summer skills. We provide 5th grade math worksheets and 5th grade math games in a total curriculum. Each unit has multimedia lessons, interactive exercises, printable worksheets for reinforcement, and assessments. We also offer Time4MathFacts which utilizes fun games to ensure your child understands basic math fundamentals. Click to see the details on Time4Learning’s online fifth grade math lesson plan. See the demo lessons.

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### Fifth Grade Math – What are the Standards and Curriculum?

In fifth grade math students are expected to explain and demonstrate multiplication of common fractions relating that to division. They use problem-solving strategies to determine operations needed to solve one- and two-step problems involving addition, subtraction, and multiplication of fractions. They explain and demonstrate multiplication of decimals to hundredths. They solve real-world problems using strategies to determine operations needed.

### Fifth Grade Math Curriculum and Standards – Lessons, Activities, Worksheets – Number Sense and Operations

During fifth grade, math students learn about the decimal base-10 number system, and other number systems that do or do not use place value. They learn to explain and demonstrate the inverse nature of multiplication and division, as well as the commutative, associative and distributive properties of multiplication. Using problem-solving strategies to determine operations needed they’ll solve one and two-step problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers.

Fifth grade math students are taught to find factors of numbers to 100 and to determine if they are prime or composite. They express whole numbers as products of prime factors and determine the greatest common factor or the least common multiple of two numbers up to 100 or more. In fifth grade they multiply by powers of 10, demonstrating patterns. They identify and apply rules of divisibility for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 10, and use models to identify perfect squares to 144.

In fifth grade math students are expected to explain and demonstrate multiplication of common fractions relating that to division. They use problem-solving strategies to determine operations needed to solve one- and two-step problems involving addition, subtraction, and multiplication of fractions. They explain and demonstrate multiplication of decimals to hundredths. They solve real-world problems using strategies to determine operations needed, and solve one- and two-step problems involving addition, subtraction, and multiplication of decimals.

In fifth grade math students predict the relative size of solutions in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, addition, subtraction, and multiplication of fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers. They are asked to give particular attention to fraction and decimal multiplication. They learn that when two numbers less than one are multiplied, the result is a number less than either factor. They learn to choose, describe, and explain estimation strategies used to determine reasonableness of solutions to real-world problems. Also fifth grade students estimate quantities of objects to 1000 or more, justifying and explaining the reasoning for their estimates.

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### Fifth Grade Math Curriculum and Standards – Lessons, Activities, Worksheets – Measurement

During fifth grade, math students measure the circumference of objects, solving real-world problems involving perimeter, area, capacity, and volume. They turn their conceptual experiences into patterns and develop formulas for determining perimeter, area and volume. The students solve real-world problems involving length and weight, including estimation of length to the nearest quarter-inch or centimeter, and weight to the nearest ounce or gram.

Using multiplication and division, fifth grade math students convert units of measure within the customary or metric system. They know the appropriate units with which to measure length, weight, and capacity. They will be able to determine whether an accurate or estimated measurement is needed for a solution. The children learn to estimate the area and perimeter of regular and irregular polygons and the volume of a rectangular prism.

Selecting appropriate measurement units, fifth grade math students label solutions to real-world problems. They select and use measuring sticks, scales and balances, thermometer, measuring cups, gauges, protractors, and other tools. To find the length or height of “hard-to-reach” objects, the children measure a portion of the objects then multiply to solve a problem. They use both customary and metric units to compare length, weight or mass, and capacity or volume.

Fifth grade math students measure time including centuries and seconds. They use schedules, calendars, and elapsed time to solve real-world problems. They estimate measurement of time up to the nearest one-minute interval. They compare temperature changes within the same scale using either a Fahrenheit or a Celsius thermometer and estimate measurement of temperature to the nearest five-degree interval. Fifth grade math students classify angle measures as acute, obtuse, right, or straight. They solve real-world problems involving the measurement of angles including estimations for acute, obtuse and straight angles. Also during fifth grade math students work with money, estimating amounts to the nearest dollar.

More on 5th grade math standards.

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*Math Curriculum, Lessons, & Standards are defined by each state. Time4Learning bases its math curriculum on the national bodies that recommend curriculum and standards and the interpretations of it by a sampling of states notably Florida, Texas, and California.

A few math-related topics:

• Does your child have math anxiety? Learn how using the computer can help conquer it, before it becomes an issue.
• Read about math facts and find out where they fit in, while building a solid math foundation.

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